Substance Abuse. Substance Abuse. For this unit we are going to analyze the harmful effects of substance abuse on the body. How to stay free from alcohol and other drugs. How to refuse drugs when they are offered to you. How to be assertive. What is a drug ?. What is a Drug?.
Substance Abuse • For this unit we are going to analyze the harmful effects of substance abuse on the body. • How to stay free from alcohol and other drugs. • How to refuse drugs when they are offered to you. • How to be assertive.
What is a Drug? • A drug is a substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body or mind.
Drug Abuse • Drug Abuse is the use of a drug for nonmedical purposes.
What is the difference between a medicine and an illegal drug? Can both be harmful.
Medicines • Prescription Medicine is a medicine that can be used safely only with a doctor’s written permission. • Over the Counter Medicines are medicines that you can buy without a doctor’s prescription.
Medicines • It is important that we understand the difference between the types of drugs that exist. • There are drugs known as prescription drugs and there are illegal drugs. • You need to understand that both drugs can be harmful to your health.
Medicines • Both kinds of medicines can have side effects and should be used with caution. • Even though medicines are safe to use in most cases, drug abuse can still occur.
Side Effects • A side effect is a reaction to medicine other than the one intended
Misusing Medicine • Medicines should be taken only when needed. Remember that medicines are drugs, and drug misuse can cause serious health problems.
When to Use Medicine • Take medicine according to directions. • Take the recommended or prescribed dosage. • Take the medicine for the length of time prescribe by a doctor. • Do not give your prescription medicines to others. • Don’t mix medicines without your doctor’s approval.
Illegal Drugs • Illegal drugs are substances it is against the law for people of any age to manufacture, possess, buy, or sell.
Types of Illegal Drugs and Other Harmful Drugs • Stimulants • Depressants • Marijuana • Alcohol • Tobacco
Stimulants • Stimulants are drugs that speed up the body’s functions.
Effects of Stimulants Use • Increase heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. • Provide a false sense of energy and power. • When stimulants wear off, the user feels exhausted and emotionally unbalanced. • Can cause death.
Types of Stimulants • Amphetamines • Strong stimulants drugs that speed up the nervous system. Also known as “speed.” • Cocaine • An illegal stimulant made from the coca plant that is inhaled, smoked, or injected. • Crack Cocaine • A concentrated form of cocaine that is highly addictive. Makes users feel a sense of “false energy.”
Depressants • Depressants are drugs that slow down the body’s functions and reaction, including heart and breathing rates.
Effects of Depressant Use • Make users feel relaxed and calm. • Impairs coordination and judgment. • May cause drowsiness. • Causes depression and mood swings. • Can cause coma and death if combined with other drugs. • Addiction.
Types of Depressants • Alcohol • Tranquilizers • Relaxes muscles. • Barbiturates • Used for sedate it’s users. • Hypnotics • Used to put users to sleep.
Depressants • Many depressants come in the form of a tablet or capsule. Most of the time depressants are swallowed but also come in many other forms.
What are some things you may know about marijuana and how harmful it is to a person’s body?
Marijuana • Marijuana is a mood altering drug made from the hemp plant.
Effects of Marijuana Use • Inability to think or speak clearly. • Loss of short-term memory. • Increased heart rate. • Fearfulness and paranoia. • Damages the lungs and immune system. • Problems with normal body development.
Effects of Marijuana Use • Lack of coordination, slowed reaction time. • Difficulty paying attention. • Inability to have children. • Kills and destroys brain cells. (you can not get brain cells back that have been destroyed) • Addiction
Alcohol • Alcohol is a drug created by a chemical reaction in some foods, especially fruits and grains.
Where Alcohol is Found • Beer • Wine • Whiskey • Various other beverages
How Alcohol Affects the Body • Alcohol is a drug that affects a person physically and mentally. These are the areas of the body where alcohol does its damage: • Brain • Heart • Liver • Kidneys • Blood Vessels • Stomach
Brain • Impairs judgment, reasoning, memory, and concentration. • Slows down the reaction time. • Slurs speech. • Destroys brain cells and risk of permanent memory loss. • Can cause unconsciousness or death.
Heart • Increases heart rate. • Causes an irregular heart beat. • Permanently damages the heart’s ability to function properly.