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Interdependence between Technology and Governance: cases and theories. by Emanuele Lobina firstname.lastname@example.org Public Services International Research Unit (PSIRU) University of Greenwich, UK www.psiru.org 21 March 2009.
Public Services International Research Unit (PSIRU)
University of Greenwich, UK
21 March 2009
Sustainable Water management Improves Tomorrow’s Cities’ HealthSWITCH, European Commission, 6th Framework Programme, 2006-2010, Contract No. 018530 (GOCE), Integrated Project.The findings are the responsibility of the author and should not be construed as representing the views of the European Commission.
Second generation technology
Implications: perceived social necessity is key to decision making (e.g. Sabesp/COBES in 1980s São Paulo)
Centralised system (“Victorian” technology)
Implications: adverse impact of localised solutions on public health and environment (e.g. Peru, Pakistan, Jakarta)
Highly capital intensive
Implications: affordability, subsidies, timescale of universal coverage (e.g. history of OECD countries, MDGs, donors’ policies)
ConsumersGeodesic networks and inefficient knowledge transfer
E.g. PPWSA prior to 1993
E.g. Aguas Argentinas, 1993-2002
Adapted from Picciotto (1997), Castro (2003)
Civil society (cooperation driven by voluntary association)
Market (self-organization driven by competition)
What generation is IUWM?
What is the perceived social necessity of IUWM?
Centralised vs. localised systems
What is the impact of centralised/localised solutions in terms of PESTE sustainability?
What are the financial implications of moving to IUWM?
In terms of: affordability; trade offs between economic, social and environmental objectives; sources of funding
Hall, D., Lobina, E. (2008) Sewerage Works – Public investment in sewers saves lives. PSIRU Reports, commissioned by UNISON and PSI, March 2008 (http://www.psiru.org/reports/2008-03-W-sewers.pdf).
Lobina, E., Hall, D. (2008) The comparative advantage of the public sector in the development of urban water supply, in Progress in Development Studies, 8(1), pp. 85-101.
Hall, D., Lobina, E. (2007) Profitability and the poor: Corporate strategies, innovation and sustainability, in Geoforum, 38(5), pp. 772-785.
Lobina, E., Hall, D. (2007) Experience with private sector participation in Grenoble, France and lessons on strengthening public water operations, in Utilities Policy, 15, pp. 93-109.