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Global Urban Patterns. A. 2 nd Urban Revolution. Industrialization Enclosure Mvmt.  Growth of Cities Industrial Cities Near : Water Textiles/Coal (Iron) “Unregulated Jumbles” Pollution: “Black Towns”. B. Modern Urbanization. Industrialization accelerated urbanization

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a 2 nd urban revolution
A. 2nd Urban Revolution
  • Industrialization
    • Enclosure Mvmt. Growth of Cities
  • Industrial Cities
    • Near : Water Textiles/Coal (Iron)
  • “Unregulated Jumbles”
    • Pollution: “Black Towns”
b modern urbanization
B. Modern Urbanization
  • Industrialization accelerated urbanization
    • Increasing labor productivity in agriculture meant surplus labor
    • surplus labor found “better” jobs in cities
    • Agriculture was productive enough to feed the population even though the # of labor was less
  • Now, more than half the world’s population lives in cities
  • 3/4 of people living in MDC’s live in urban areas while 2/5 of people living in LDC’s live in urban areas
c cities of the periphery
C. Cities of the Periphery
  • European & Indigenous patterns
    • Recent Massive Migration Patterns
    • Globalization

Dakar, Senegal

Beirut, Lebanon

Shanghai, China

d latin america
D. Latin America
  • Central Plaza
  • Elites live in Central City
  • Growing Suburbs
  • Disamenity Sectors
  • Growing CBD
e african city
E. African City
  • Fastest Urbanizing
  • Difficult to Characterize due to diversity
    • Imprint of Colonialism
    • South Africa similar to West (Eur. And US)
  • Open Air Market
  • Multiple CBD’s

Johannesburg, South Africa

f southeast asia
F. Southeast Asia
  • Colonial Port Zone
  • Elites near Port/CBD
  • Squatter Areas
  • New Middle Class
  • Western Commercial Zone
g trends in periphery
G. Trends in Periphery
  • Large Migration into Cities
    • “Pull Factor”
  • Mega Cities
  • Primate Cities
  • Cannot keep up with new migrants: Shantytowns; favelas (in Brazil)
  • No Zoning Laws
h modern urbanization
H. Modern Urbanization
  • Megacity – city with more than 10 million people; ex: Mexico City, Sao Paulo, Seoul
i megalopolis
I. Megalopolis
  • Megalopolis – a “super-city” made up of several large and small cities; ex: BosNYWash
k rank size rule
K. Rank-Size Rule
  • the relationship between the ranks of cities and their populations
  • the relationship is such that the nth largest city in a country or region is 1/n the size of the largest city in that country or region.

For example:

largest city = 12 million

2nd largest = 6 million

3rd largest = 4 million

4th largest = 3 million

l primate city
L. Primate City

The leading city of a country. The city is disproportionately larger than the rest of the cities in the country.

For example: London, UK

Mexico City, Mexico

Paris, France

- the rank-size rule does not work for a

country with a primate city