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Global Urban Patterns. A. 2 nd Urban Revolution. Industrialization Enclosure Mvmt.  Growth of Cities Industrial Cities Near : Water Textiles/Coal (Iron) “Unregulated Jumbles” Pollution: “Black Towns”. B. Modern Urbanization. Industrialization accelerated urbanization

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A 2 nd urban revolution
A. 2nd Urban Revolution

  • Industrialization

    • Enclosure Mvmt. Growth of Cities

  • Industrial Cities

    • Near : Water Textiles/Coal (Iron)

  • “Unregulated Jumbles”

    • Pollution: “Black Towns”


B modern urbanization
B. Modern Urbanization

  • Industrialization accelerated urbanization

    • Increasing labor productivity in agriculture meant surplus labor

    • surplus labor found “better” jobs in cities

    • Agriculture was productive enough to feed the population even though the # of labor was less

  • Now, more than half the world’s population lives in cities

  • 3/4 of people living in MDC’s live in urban areas while 2/5 of people living in LDC’s live in urban areas



C cities of the periphery
C. Cities of the Periphery

  • European & Indigenous patterns

    • Recent Massive Migration Patterns

    • Globalization

Dakar, Senegal

Beirut, Lebanon

Shanghai, China


D latin america
D. Latin America

  • Central Plaza

  • Elites live in Central City

  • Growing Suburbs

  • Disamenity Sectors

  • Growing CBD



Disamenity sector very poorest parts of the city ex the favelas of rio de janeiro brazil
Disamenity sector – very poorest parts of the city ex. the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


E african city
E. African City

  • Fastest Urbanizing

  • Difficult to Characterize due to diversity

    • Imprint of Colonialism

    • South Africa similar to West (Eur. And US)

  • Open Air Market

  • Multiple CBD’s

Johannesburg, South Africa


The african city de blij model
The African City (de Blij model)


F southeast asia
F. Southeast Asia

  • Colonial Port Zone

  • Elites near Port/CBD

  • Squatter Areas

  • New Middle Class

  • Western Commercial Zone



G trends in periphery
G. Trends in Periphery

  • Large Migration into Cities

    • “Pull Factor”

  • Mega Cities

  • Primate Cities

  • Cannot keep up with new migrants: Shantytowns; favelas (in Brazil)

  • No Zoning Laws


H modern urbanization
H. Modern Urbanization

  • Megacity – city with more than 10 million people; ex: Mexico City, Sao Paulo, Seoul




I megalopolis
I. Megalopolis

  • Megalopolis – a “super-city” made up of several large and small cities; ex: BosNYWash


K rank size rule
K. Rank-Size Rule

  • the relationship between the ranks of cities and their populations

  • the relationship is such that the nth largest city in a country or region is 1/n the size of the largest city in that country or region.

    For example:

    largest city = 12 million

    2nd largest = 6 million

    3rd largest = 4 million

    4th largest = 3 million


L primate city
L. Primate City

The leading city of a country. The city is disproportionately larger than the rest of the cities in the country.

For example: London, UK

Mexico City, Mexico

Paris, France

- the rank-size rule does not work for a

country with a primate city