so far we have talked about tenses of verbs verbs also have moods n.
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So far we have talked about tenses of verbs…. Verbs also have MOODS …. facts. commands. the indicative mood the imperative mood the subjunctive mood. not facts. Present subjunctive Stem + e + ending (1 st conjugation) Stem + a + ending (2 nd -4 th conjugation) Imperfect Subjunctive

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Presentation Transcript
slide3
Present subjunctive
    • Stem + e + ending (1st conjugation)
    • Stem + a + ending (2nd-4th conjugation)
  • Imperfect Subjunctive
    • Infinitive + ending
slide4

What are these??

dormiret videam

portem traheremus

sederes ament

vocarent curreret

scribam dicam

slide6
A purpose clause describes why someone did something, or the purpose for which they did it
  • Purpose clause = ut + subjunctive

E.g. Cicero processit ut diceret

Cicero advanced in order that he might speak

Can you think of a more natural way of translating this sentence?

slide7
Cicero processit ut diceret

Literal translation: Cicero advanced in order that he might speak

Alternative translations:

Cicero advanced……

….so that he might speak

….in order tospeak

….so as tospeak .…tospeak

sequence of tenses
Sequence of tenses

We are hurrying (present tense verb) so that we may help(present subjunctive) you

We hurried(past tense verb) so that we might help(imperfect subjunctive) you.

slide9
pueri in via manebant ut pugnam spectarent.
  • Romam eo ut fratrem videam.
  • servus diu laboravit ut dominum servaret.
  • femina totum diem laborat ut puellae cibum habeant.
slide10
ne…….
  • ‘ne’ is used as the negative of ‘ut’ in purpose clauses

festinamus ne sero adveniamus

we are hurry so that we may not arrive late

we are hurrying so as not to arrive late

we are hurrying lest we arrive late

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servus diligenter laboravit ut templum aedificaret.
  • pueri Romam veniunt ut libros emant.
  • in villa manebam ut puellae cenam optimam pararent.
  • femina festinat ne sero adveniat.
  • tacebam ne fur me audiret.