ART IN THE 1920’s.
The Art Deco Movement was a representation of the rapidly modernizing world. Nonorthodox materials such as precious metals and animal skins appeared in interior design. A focus on crisp, modern, geometric forms were used in art. Styles were borrowed from other countries & periods in history, showing that society was becoming more international.
Precisionism was a highly controlled approach to technique and form. Art was based on simplified geometric shape, and clear forms.
Surrealism is all about expressing the imagination of the subconcious. Many images had the shocking strangeness that could only be found in dreams. Salvador Dali is considered to be a master of surrealism, most famous for The Persistence of Memory.
The 19th Amendment in August, 1920, granted women the right to vote in all United States elections.
Feminists used radical tactics like picketing the White House, staging large suffrage marches and demonstrations to protest for woman's rights.
In 1923, feminists created the National Women's Party (NWP), headed by Alice Paul.
The NWP had a single aim: the equal rights amendment.
originated at Oxford University.
took its inspiration from what
popular athletes were wearing.
By Travis Smith
Bars usually hidden in the basement or backroom of a business, serving alcohol.
Called speakeasies because they usually required a password you had to whisper to get inside.
By Tyler Slater
St. Valentine’s Day Massacre victims
In Chicago during the 1920’s was split into 2 gangs, one led by Al Capone and the other by George "Bugs" Moran. Both had tried for years to kill each other
In North Chicago, one February night, 7 members of Moran gang were found dead inside the S.M.C Cartage Co. at 2122 North Clark Street (Moran’s headquarters)
Capone tricked Moran’s gang into believing that a local booze hijacker had a shipment of whiskey for him and Moran agreed to meet him at his headquarters
4 men from Capone’s gang stole a police car and while two of them were dressed in police uniform, followed Moran’s men into the garage
They thought it was a police raid and did exactly as told: lined up, faced the wall and each received 15 bullets all to the head and the torso
Frank Gusenberg was the only surviving victim of the massacre, dieing 3 hours later refusing to say who was responsible
No one was ever tried or convicted for this murder
Americans had money to spend and a lot to spend it on. Companies were producing mass amounts of cars and were making many new consumer goods.
A lot of skyscrapers were being built. They had access money to build higher and higher than ever before.
The stock market was getting very high and peoples stocks would go from very very low to extremely high over night.
It became an era of easy living and easy money. Meaning that it was just as easy to get money as it was to live and they had lots of money so life was good and easy.
Famers, blue-collar workers, and blacks didn’t share the same prosperity.
Consumer spending was what pushed the economy to its highest.
The prosperity had to end sometime and this happened when the supply of consumer goods began to exceed their demand and too many purchases were being made on credit.
Advertisements reached millions of people due to magazine boom of the 1920’s
(better/cheaper than steam engine)
The first automobile was invented by Henry ford. He was the owner and founder of the Ford Motor Companies. He created the Model T car, as well as many others.
He first got the idea for a petrol driven engine from a magazine article.
With the invention of the car led to new road rules and traffic lights that were established. Dirt roads to wooden roads.
Lots of updates were established to cars as well. Like improved suspension, balloon tires, and covered cars.
Cars allowed for people to go on road trips, which took lots of careful planning. Petrol stations (gas stations) were built and they not only gave out petrol and oil but food and drinks.
Tourist parks and motels also sprang up.
Big name movie stars drove mainly the Cadillac or the Packard. Some even drove cars from Europe.
Some things that you thought were modern about cars today were actually invented in the 20’s.
Advertisements on cars were focused mainly on the consumers emotions, rather than how appealing or high tech the product was.
Colors for cars were lively.
The movies in the early 1920’s were black and white, with no sound at all.
The Most expensive movie in its time Ben-Hur was made.
First major Western called The Covered Wagon is made.
First Science fiction movie is made, called The Lost World.
First short picture with sound and dialogue was made.
First ever talkie and musical is made, called The Jazz Singer.
Crystal radios were the one of the first manufactured.
Roger’s Batteryless Receiver Model 130 was built in 1925
Parties, clubs and saloons
Theater & Opera performances
County fairs & amusement parks
Going to Parks & Zoos
It’s the cat’s meow!
Slang recognized people as belonging to a group. Slang helped form different cultures in the 1920’s. It let people express themselves unique and new ways. People could say a simple phrase that could mean something completely different. For example, alcohol was illegal in the1920’s so people would have slang words to use for it instead of alcohol.
Bee's Knees- An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the ultimate
Big Cheese - The most important or influential person; boss. Same as big shot.
Cat's Meow - Something splendid or stylish; similar to bee's knees; The best or greatest, wonderful.
Dogs - feet
Dumb Dora - a stupid female
Flat Tire - A dull witted, insipid, disappointing date.
Flapper - A stylish, brash, hedonistic young woman with short skirts & shorter hair
Giggle Water - An intoxicating beverage; alcohol
Pinch - To arrest
Rag-a-muffin - a dirty or disheveled individual
Swell - Wonderful. Also: a rich man
Upchuck - To vomit when one has drunk too much
Youslayme - that's funny
By Dallin Jones
International fame in 1927 as the first person to fly alone across the Atlantic
Orteig prize- Raymond Orteig offered $25,000 to first aviator to fly non stop from New York to Paris.
Persuaded 9 St. Louis businessmen to help him finance the cost of a plane
Named it Spirit of St. Louis
May 2o took off near NYC at 7:52 a.m. and landed at Le Bourget Field near Paris on May 21 at 10:21 p.m.
Flew 3,600 miles in 33.5 hours.
1927 published a book called We about his transatlantic flight
Helped lead to development of missiles, satellites and space travel
Received many honors like- medal of honor, the royal Air Cross(British) ect.