Abraham Lincoln. Childhood. Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin on Feb. 12, 1809 in what is now Hodgenville, Kentucky. His mother died when he was nine but he was very close to his stepmother who urged him to read. Lincoln himself stated that he had about one year of formal education.
Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin on Feb. 12, 1809 in what is now Hodgenville, Kentucky.
His mother died when he was nine but he was very close to his stepmother who urged him to read. Lincoln himself stated that he had about one year of formal education.
In September 1836 Lincoln began practicing law and played an important part in having the Illinois state capital moved from Vandalia to Springfield.In 1846 Lincoln was elected to the U.S. Congress. During these years Lincoln had become engaged to Mary Todd (1818–1882), a cultured and well-educated Kentucky woman.They were married on November 2, 1842.
In 1860 the Republican National Convention met and chose Lincoln as their candidate for president of the United States. After Lincoln's election victory, parts of the country reacted harshly against the new president's stand on slavery. Seven Southern states then seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America.In his inaugural address he clarified his position on the national situation. Secession, he said, was wrong, and the Union could not legally be broken apart.By now there was no avoiding the outbreak of the Civil War.
Lincoln's victory in that election thus changed the racial future of the United States. It also agitated Southern-sympathizer and Negrophobe John Wilkes Booth, who began to conspire first to abduct Lincoln and later to kill him. On Apr. 14, 1865, five days after Robert E. Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House, Lincoln attended a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington. There Booth entered the presidential box and shot Lincoln. The next morning at 7:22 Lincoln died.