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Russian Education of the Last Three Centuries. Elizabeth Kramer Liberty University. Nineteenth Century. Tsarist Abolitionism Nicholas I Indoctrination Autocracy Orthodoxy Nationalism Principles of Tsarist Autocracy Reverence for the Tsar Patriotism Socioeconomic status quo.

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russian education of the last three centuries

Russian Education of the Last Three Centuries

Elizabeth Kramer

Liberty University

nineteenth century
Nineteenth Century
  • Tsarist Abolitionism
    • Nicholas I
      • Indoctrination
        • Autocracy
        • Orthodoxy
        • Nationalism
    • Principles of Tsarist Autocracy
      • Reverence for the Tsar
      • Patriotism
      • Socioeconomic status quo
nineteenth century1
Nineteenth Century
  • Alexander II
    • Nicholas’ son
    • Reform
      • Liberated Serfs
      • Zemstvo Schools
        • Compared to Parish Schools
nineteenth century2
Nineteenth Century
  • Intelligentsia
    • A “Think-Tank” for Change
      • Teachers, Students, Writers, and Artists
      • Attempted to bring about change
  • Alexander Herzen (1812-1870)
    • Intelligentsias and theorist
    • Exile living in London
    • Wrote the Kolokol
      • Russian Enlightenment
  • Nicholas Chernyshevsky (1828-1889)
    • What Is to Be Done?
nineteenth century3
Nineteenth Century
  • Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)
    • War and Peace
    • Social Reform Based on Simplification
    • Yasnaya Polyana
    • Society of National Education
    • Educational Tour of

France, Germany, and England

nineteenth century4
Nineteenth Century
  • Alexander III (1827-1907)
    • Became Tsar in 1881
    • Ruled Russia like Nicholas I
      • Firm hand and Authoritarian
      • Tsarist Autocracy
        • Repress Criticism of Government
        • Police Power
        • Centralized Government
        • Propaganda
    • Konstantin Pobedonostev (1827-1907)
      • Chief Advisor
  • Tsarist Russia Falls
twentieth century
Twentieth Century
  • The Soviet government and Communism
    • Nikolai Lenin (1870-1924)
      • Schools are a Weapon
      • Education is Not the Primary Concern
    • Working-Class Schools
      • Three Purposes
      • Separation of Church and School
    • Anatoli Lunacharski (1875-1933)
      • Unified Educational System
        • Workers School
          • Brigades
          • Western Philosophies
twentieth century1
Twentieth Century
  • Joseph Stalin (1879-1953)
    • Eliminated the Lunacharski System of Education
    • Authoritarian Education Again
      • Basic Skills needed for trades
      • Fixed number of hours required
      • Methodical Direct Instruction
      • Texts were re-written and censored by

Russian government

    • Post WWII Era
      • Push Socialist Ideals throughout

Eastern Europe

      • Propaganda
      • Soviet Cultural Life
twentieth and twenty first century
Twentieth and Twenty-First Century
  • Twentieth Century
    • Fall of Communism
      • Mikhail Gorbachav
        • Schools had to be a catalyst for change
          • Removed low standards and bureaucrat involvement in schools
        • Glasnost
        • Communism Falls in 1991
  • Twenty-First Century
    • Reform
      • New Kind of Teacher
      • New System
      • Globalization
references
References

Gutek, G. (1995). Russian Education. In A History of the Western Educational Experience (2nd ed., pp. 420-451). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.

Kholostova, T. (2007). Journal Of Education. Problems in Today's Russian Education System, 188(3), 63-73.

Matrosov, V. L. (2011). Russian Education & Society. The New School Teacher for the New Russian School, 53(11), 73-83.

Valkanova, Y. (2009). The Passion for Educating the “New Man”: Debates about Preschooling in Soviet Russia, 1917–1925. History Of Education Quarterly, 49(2), 211-221. doi:10.1111/j.1748-5959.2009.00197.