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PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. A presentation prepared by Dr. Jim Kauffman University of South Carolina Aiken for teacher candidates in AEDF 321. WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?.

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principles of effective teaching

PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING

A presentation prepared by Dr. Jim Kauffman

University of South Carolina Aiken

for teacher candidates in AEDF 321

Principles for Effective Teaching

what is effective teaching
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?
  • IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR?

Principles for Effective Teaching

what is effective teaching1
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?
  • IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR?
  • WRITE THESE DOWN
  • SHARE YOUR LIST WITH A NEIGHBOR

Principles for Effective Teaching

what is effective teaching2
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?
  • IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR?
  • WRITE THESE DOWN

Principles for Effective Teaching

what is teaching
WHAT IS TEACHING?
  • SHARE YOUR DEFINITION IN YOUR CLUSTER

Principles for Effective Teaching

the pet teaching definition
THE PET TEACHING DEFINITION
  • TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE.
          • Madeline Hunter (Modified)

Principles for Effective Teaching

teaching definition
TEACHING DEFINITION
  • TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS…

Principles for Effective Teaching

teaching definition1
TEACHING DEFINITION
  • TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS,
  • MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION,

Principles for Effective Teaching

teaching definition2
TEACHING DEFINITION
  • TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION,
  • THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH,

Principles for Effective Teaching

teaching definition3
TEACHING DEFINITION
  • TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH,
  • WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE.

Principles for Effective Teaching

teaching definition4
TEACHING DEFINITION
  • TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE.
          • Madeline Hunter (Modified)

Principles for Effective Teaching

effective teaching definition
EFFECTIVE TEACHING DEFINITION
  • EFFECTIVE TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF GOOD DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INSURE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE AND KNOWLEDGE WILL RETAINED.
          • Madeline Hunter (Modified)

Principles for Effective Teaching

the purposes of examining the principles of effective teaching
THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING.

1. TO PROVIDE THE “TOOLS” NECESSARY TO MAKE THE BEST POSSIBLE DECISIONS WHICH WILL ENHANCE THE LEARNING AND RETENTION POTENTIAL OF YOUR STUDENTS.

Principles for Effective Teaching

the purposes of examining the principles of effective teaching1
THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING.

2. TO CONFIRM EFFECTIVE TEACHING BEHAVIOR THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY PERFORMED INTUITIVELY.

Principles for Effective Teaching

the purposes of examining the principles of effective teaching2
THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING.

3. TO IMPROVE YOUR INSTRUCTIONAL, PLANNING, AND DECISION-MAKING REGARDING TEACHING CONTENT AND STRATEGIES.

Principles for Effective Teaching

the purposes of examining the principles of effective teaching3
THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING.

4. TO IMPROVE STUDENT TIME-ON-TASK AND REDUCE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS

Principles for Effective Teaching

the purposes of examining the principles of effective teaching4
THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING.

5. TO IMPROVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN TEACHERS THROUGH THE USE OF COMMON TERMINOLOGY.

Principles for Effective Teaching

total teaching act
TOTAL TEACHING ACT

Principles for Effective Teaching

total teaching act1
TOTAL TEACHING ACT
  • 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE

Principles for Effective Teaching

total teaching act2
TOTAL TEACHING ACT
  • 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE
  • 2. CREATING FOCUS

Principles for Effective Teaching

total teaching act3
TOTAL TEACHING ACT
  • 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE
  • 2. CREATING FOCUS
  • 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE

Principles for Effective Teaching

total teaching act4
TOTAL TEACHING ACT
  • 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE
  • 2. CREATING FOCUS
  • 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE
  • 4. REINFORCING FOCUS

Principles for Effective Teaching

total teaching act5
TOTAL TEACHING ACT
  • 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE
  • 2. CREATING FOCUS
  • 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE
  • 4. REINFORCING FOCUS
  • 5. REFLECTING ON WHAT WORKED AND WHAT DIDN’T

Principles for Effective Teaching

creating focus the anticipatory set
CREATING FOCUSTHE ANTICIPATORY SET

1. GIVE A “STATEMENT OF LEARNING”

2. INVOLVING THE LEARNERS

3. RELATING THE LEARNING TO THE STUDENTS EXPERIENCES

(PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE)

Principles for Effective Teaching

what do we mean teaching to the objective
WHAT DO WE MEAN, TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE?

Principles for Effective Teaching

what do we mean teaching to the objective1
WHAT DO WE MEAN, TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE?

PUTTING IN PLACE A SERIES OF SPECIFIC ACTIONS A TEACHER CAN TAKE, THAT WILL ENHANCE THE LEARNING OF STUDENTS.

Principles for Effective Teaching

the four components of t 2 o
THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O

1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING

2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING

3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

4. WAYS OF RESPONDING

Principles for Effective Teaching

the first element of t 2 0 is explanation
THE FIRST ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS EXPLANATION

1. CONTENT

2. DEFINITIONS

3. EXAMPLES

4. MODELING

5. PROCESS

Principles for Effective Teaching

the first element of t 2 0 is explanation1
THE FIRST ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS EXPLANATION

EXPLANATION IS GIVING THE LEARNER THE INFORMATION NEEDED IN ORDER TO REACH THE OBJECTIVE

Principles for Effective Teaching

there are five elements of explanation the first is
THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FIRST IS...

1. CONTENT

CONTENT IS INFORMATION WHICH ADDS MEANING AND PURPOSE TO THE EXPLANATION.

Principles for Effective Teaching

there are five elements of explanation the second is
THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE SECOND IS...

2. DEFINITION

PRESENTING THE MEANINGS OF ANY NEW WORDS, TERMS, SYMBOLS, OR SIGNS RELEVANT TO THE NEW LEARNING.

Principles for Effective Teaching

there are five elements of explanation the third is
THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE THIRD IS...

3. EXAMPLE

AN EXAMPLE IS REPRESENTATIVE OF A GROUP AS A WHOLE; SERVES AS A PATTERN OF A SPECIFIC KIND; OR A CASE OR SITUATION SERVING AS A MODEL.

Principles for Effective Teaching

there are five elements of explanation the fourth is
THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FOURTH IS...

4. MODELING

PERFORMING AN ACTION TO BE COPIED

Principles for Effective Teaching

there are five elements of explanation the fifth is
THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FIFTH IS...

5. PROCESS

DEMONSTRATING STEP BY STEP PROCEDURES

Principles for Effective Teaching

the five elements of explanation
THE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION

1. EXPLANATION

2. DEFINITION

3. EXAMPLES

4. MODELING

5. PROCESS

Principles for Effective Teaching

the four components of t 2 o1
THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O

1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING

2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING

3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

4. WAYS OF RESPONDING

Principles for Effective Teaching

the two methods of questioning
THE TWO METHODS OF QUESTIONING

1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL

2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS

Principles for Effective Teaching

questioning
QUESTIONING

QUESTIONS SERVE TO CHECK UNDERSTANDING AND OBTAINING ACTIVE PARTICIPATION OF STUDENTS.

Principles for Effective Teaching

the second elementof t 2 0 is questioning
THE SECOND ELEMENTOF T 2 0 IS QUESTIONING

Principles for Effective Teaching

methods of questioning
METHODS OF QUESTIONING

1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL

2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS

Principles for Effective Teaching

methods of questioning1
METHODS OF QUESTIONING

1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL

Principles for Effective Teaching

methods of questioning2
METHODS OF QUESTIONING

2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS

Principles for Effective Teaching

the four components of t 2 o2
THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O

1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING

2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING

3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

4. WAYS OF RESPONDING

Principles for Effective Teaching

the third element of t 2 0 is activity
THE THIRD ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS ACTIVITY

Principles for Effective Teaching

types of activities
TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

GUIDED ACTIVITIES

GROUP ACTIVITIES

ACTIVITY CONTINUM

Principles for Effective Teaching

types of activities1
TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

GUIDED ACTIVITIES

Principles for Effective Teaching

types of activities2
TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

GUIDED ACTIVITIES

GROUP ACTIVITIES

Principles for Effective Teaching

activity continuum
ACTIVITY CONTINUUM

TEACHER

STUDENT

STUDENT

TEACHER

+

STUDENT

Principles for Effective Teaching

the four components of t 2 o3
THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O

1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING

2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING

3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

4. WAYS OF RESPONDING

Principles for Effective Teaching

ways of responding to the learner in terms of the learning
WAYS OF RESPONDING TO THE “LEARNER” IN TERMS OF THE LEARNING

CORRECT ANSWERS

WRONG ANSWERS

Principles for Effective Teaching

ways of responding to the learner
WAYS OF RESPONDING TO THE “LEARNER”...

WRONG ANSWER

CORRECTANSWER

YES!

THAT IS AN

ANSWER,

BUT…..

Principles for Effective Teaching

you ve just reviewed the four components of t 2 o
YOU’VE JUST REVIEWED THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O!

1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING

2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING

3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES

4. WAYS OF RESPONDING

Principles for Effective Teaching

reinforcing focus closure
REINFORCING FOCUS“CLOSURE”

1. SUMMARIZING THE LEARNING

2. INVOLVING THE LEARNERS

Principles for Effective Teaching