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Types of Money

Types of Money

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Types of Money

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  1. Types of Money How should I pay?

  2. Types of money I listed these in the order I think you are most likely to encounter them. • Cash • Check • Debit • Credit • Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) • Money Order • Cashier’s Check • Certified Check • Traveler’s Check

  3. Cash • When you make a cash purchase, you can actually pay cash or use a credit card, debit card or money order. • All of these are considered cash transaction because you are paying for your merchandise or service at the time you receive it; they will not be billing you.

  4. Check “A written order instructing a bank to pay upon its presentation to the person designated in it, or to the person possessing it, a certain sum of money from the account of the person who draws it.” Free • At some point in your life you will need to write a personal check. • You may also receive checks for: • Gifts • Working • Rebates on purchases • Stuff you sell to other people

  5. Debit and Credit purchase • Debit cards are associated with your checking or savings account. Purchases can be made 2 ways • As a Debit. You enter your pin number on a keypad to complete the transaction. Some vendors (stores) will let you get cash back, adding that amount to your transaction total. • As a Credit. It is still actually a debit purchase as the funds will be directly deducted from your checking or savings account. You may need to sign to complete the purchase. • Credit purchases will be added to your credit card balance. You will need to pay for your purchases when the bill comes, usually with a check. Videos: Difference between Debit and Credit cards (start at 0:30) and Debit vs. Credit

  6. Electronic funds transfer • EFTs are payments made from one person or organization to another using a computerized device. • EFTs include: • Direct-debit transactions • Wire transfers • Direct deposits • ATM withdrawals • Online bill pay services • Transactions are processed through the Automated Clearing House (ACH) network, the secure transfer system of the Federal Reserve that connects all U.S. banks, credit unions and other financial institutions. Source:

  7. Electronic funds transfer • You might use it for • Direct deposit of your paycheck into your checking or savings account • Repeating payments you make (Ex: car loan) • Paying for purchases • Sending and receiving money with friends/family (see PayPal) • Note: It costs the U.S. government $1.03 to issue each check payment, it costs only 10.5 cents to issue an EFT payment.

  8. Money order • Alterative to using a personal check • Safe – don’t have to share your checking account information • Purchase with cash, debit or credit • Purchase at bank, credit union, Post Office • Fees apply – $1.25 – 1.50 for domestic • Maximum $1000 face value • Can use stop payment and tracking just like a check • Find out what you need to know about “Accepting Money Orders” at • Sources: ohiocatholicfcu, and

  9. Cashier’s check • As good as cash because clear immediately (personal check sometimes take a few days to clear before you can withdraw the funds) • Guaranteed by the bank it’s drawn on; banks issue cashier’s check with bank funds and signs it. • Can be more secure than a personal check. • Required for certain transactions such as real estate transfers. • You have to go to a bank to get a cashier’s check. More info at • You also have to pay a fee, from $0 to $10

  10. Certified check • A personal check can be certified by the bank they are drawn on; the bank where the check payer's funds are deposited. • “A certified check is the written acceptance for a specific check (essentially an acknowledgment), by the Bank, that the Bank's Customer's signature on that check (1) is genuine and (2) there are sufficient funds in the Customer's account to honor the check when it is properly presented for payment. The check is signed by both the Customer and the Bank.” • May be required for a car purchase. • You can get one from your bank • Fees apply ($5 - $10)

  11. Traveler’s check • Traveler’s checks are paper money that can be used like cash; usually used for travel. • Can protect you from identity theft because there is no personal information on them. • Safer than carrying cash plus no ATM fees • Unlike cash, they can be replaced if lost or stolen as long as you have your receipt. • Fees apply, usually 1-2% • Purchase at a bank or through American Express or AAA. • Video: American Express Traveler's Checks Ad

  12. Assignment Create a comparison table. List each type of money we talked (cash, check, etc.) on one side. On the other side list the situation where that type of money would be the best choice for you. For example, you might use cash when you go to the Flea Market; everyone’s answers will be different. Create the table in Word and upload to Moodle, Unit 3 "Types of Money Comparison Table". You may work with a partner.