Presentation Skills. By Mr. Mahyuddin Daud Department of Laws CFS IIUM. Introduction. One of the most important legal skills is presentation skills. Connotes the ability to deliver and present ideas effectively in public.
Presentation Skills By Mr. MahyuddinDaud Department of Laws CFS IIUM
Introduction • One of the most important legal skills is presentation skills. • Connotes the ability to deliver and present ideas effectively in public. • The legal industry expects legal professionals to have good presentation skills. • Having good presentation skills enhances: • Academic performance in university • Graduate Employability • Career advancement
Learning Outcomes Select appropriate topic for your presentation Conduct effective research into your topic Organise your presentation Make full use of visual aids Deal with common problems on presentation skills
COMMON STUDENT MISTAKES! To apply 2 stage process:
RESEARCH: • Students conduct research to find materials for the presentation (books, journals, online materials) • DELIVERY: • Research findings is converted into PowerPoint slides and students read word-by-word from the slides • Less engagement with audience (preferably no engagement) • Once presentation is done, no review was conducted.
How to overcome this problem? 4 stage presentation process
Research stage An effective presentation is ensured if students conduct proper groundwork i.e. research Research is a systematic, thorough and rigorous process of investigation that increases knowledge.
Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making.” (J. Myron Jacobstein and Roy M. Mersky, Fundamentals of Legal Research, 8th ed. (Foundation Press, 2002) p. 1.)
Choosing a topic • If you are given option to choose topic, choose the one which: • Fits into the time allocated • Sufficient materials are available
Assessment criteria • Students should check the assessment criteria to determine: • What attributes are regarded as important and, • What weight is given to them • Examples: • Is credit available for demonstrating research skills, using visual aids, engaging with the audience etc.
Aim • Make clear on what are you trying to achieve in your presentation • Example: to give an overview on the topic, discuss in depth • If you are not sure, always consult your course material or ask your lecturer
Audience DO YOU WANT TO LOOK STUPID IN FRONT OF YOUR AUDIENCE?
So, you should… • Look up for audience expectations on your presentation: • How much do your audience know about the topic? • If they know A LOT about the topic…? • If they don’t know much about the topic…? • Are they of higher academic levels than you? • If higher….? • If lower…? • What appropriate engagement styles should you use? • Should you be : • Aggressive? Passive? In between?
Preparing the presentation Content overload is a major problem for many presentation Select your topic and the content of the presentation carefully (don’t cram too much material into the time available) Try ranking each point on the basis of its relevancy to the question
Ensure that your presentation tells a story by giving clear introduction, a series of interrelated points and conclusion Always prepare a handout, unless there was an express instruction on not to do so Give careful thought to the selection and presentation of visual aids to ensure that they complement the presentation
Practice – to ensure everything runs smoothly • Self-practice • ‘mirror-mirror on the wall’ • By group • Present in front of your colleagues
Delivering the presentation Apply a style of delivery that is ENGAGINGfor the audience to listen and follow Take particular care with the TIMING, PACE, AND VOLUME of your presentation NEVER READ DIRECTLY from a prepared script, use numbered cue cards
Anticipate issues that will cause you to feel nervous and prepare for the answers. Be prepared to answer questions from the audience Listen carefully to what is being asked and take a moment to think about the answer before responding.
Review and reflection Presentations are increasingly required as part of job application process Take advantage to become a more accomplished presenter by reflecting upon your performance be honest about your limitations as a presenter and find ways to strengthen your skills
Be active and precise in seeking feedback from others about your qualities as a presenter Use feedback sheet and invite audience to complete it
Conclusion Students should utilise the time available in college/university to MAKE MISTAKES and ENHANCE presentation skills. Colleagues should assist each other and make no fun of this matter Take each presentations SERIOUSLY and IMPROVE from day-to-day. Insya Allah, by practice, you will gain more CONFIDENCE to speak and present your ideas in public.