Presentation Skills Dr. Meltem Yaman
Developing The Attitude of a Successful Public Speaker I • Remember that you know your subject • Know your material well. Be the expert. Your primary duty is • to understand what your audience needsto know • and prepare the message and supporting materials in a way that delivers your message clearly and powerfuly
Developing The Attitude of a Successful Public Speaker II • Remember that the stage fright is normal, and be open about it • Practice your presentation, do pilot tests • Get the audience to participate • Establish a rapport by using names & eye contact • Establish & check the equipment
Developing The Attitude of a Successful Public Speaker III • Research your audience, get acquainted with at least one person in the audience • Relax, breathe deeply, visualize yourself successfuly • Dress comfortably and appropriately • Use your own style. Do not imitate anyone • Use audiovisual aids, for a visual impact
Planning The most critical step in preparation is understanding the purpose • Why am I giving this presentation? • What do I want the audience know or to do at the end of the presentation? • How do I want the audience to feel?
4 Types of Presentations More Persuasive Sales Instructional Explanatory Oral Report More Detailed
About 4 Types of Presentations I • Sales: to sell an idea or suggestion to clients, upper management, coworkers or employees. To persuade for an action or belief • Explanatory:To familiarize, give an overall perspective or identify new developments. Does not require detail and persuasion. But should offer the audience new or renewed information&understanding
About 4 Types of Presentations II • Instructional: When you want to teach others how to use something like a new procedure or a piece of hardware. Needs persuasion, detail & audience participation • Oral Report:Bring the audience up to date on something with which they are already familiar. Focus on facts, figures &details involve little persuasive efforts.
Know your audience • Why should they listen to you? • How does what you say affect them? • What is in it for them to listen to you? • Why is it important for the audience to hear what you have to say? Collect information about what the audience expect to hear.
Sections of a Presentation There are 3 sections of a presentation 1. Introduction 2. Main Body 3. Conclusion
1. Introduction • For taking the attention and convincing them to listen to you. • Never apologize for anything wrong. • Make your audience think that they are going to be informed, entertained or enlightened. • Start your spech with power.
Main elements in Introduction I • Begin your talk with an attention getter. With an interesting story or a question • Next, tell what is in it for them: Let them know that your information is relevant to their needs. • Increase your credibility by relating something about your background and expertise
Main elements in Introduction II • Present yor agenda: the outline “Tell them what you are going to tell them, Tell them, and Tell them what you just told them” • What do you expect of the audience Inform them on question-answer session etc.
2. Main Body I • Deliver what you promised in the shortest and most interesting way • Keep in mind in structuring your message that • Attention cycle & • Pacing • Use repetition for remembering
2. Main Body II • Use stories and examples for connection & association • Use intensity by tone of your voice, colors and bolds are for visual intensity • Use visuals, hands, graphics, statistics, group participation etc
Conclusion • Repeat your main idea or begin with “Let’s review the main points we’ve covered” • Last opportunity to emphasize main points. • Must be strong and persuasive. • You call for and encourage appropriate action
To Do in Visuals • Check equipment • Present one idea per slide • Use dark background and light lettering • Use maximum 6 lines per slide • Use maximum 6 words per slide • Keep slides simple
Avoid in Visuals • Crowd information • Turn your back to audience • Just reading lines like notes • Go back in slides for repeating • Turn off the lights any longer than necessary