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TAXONOMY, BACTERIA AND VIRUSES REVIEW. The science of grouping and naming organisms is called. TAXONOMY. A step by step way to identify an organism using a series of paired descriptions. Dichotomous key.

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a step by step way to identify an organism using a series of paired descriptions

A step by step way to identify an organism using a series of paired descriptions

Dichotomous key

the taxon for animals that are warm blooded have body hair and produce milk for their young

The taxon for animals that are warm blooded, have body hair, and produce milk for their young.

Mammalia

slide5

What is the naming system called that gives each organism a two word scientific name?Turdusmigratorius“American Robin”

Binomial nomenclature

which scientific name is written correctly

Which scientific name is written correctly?

FelisConcolor

Felisconcolor

Felisconcolor

FelisConcolor

the names of the taxons from the most general to the most specific

The names of the taxons from the most general to the most specific.

Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.

which organisms are the most closely related1

Which organisms are the most closely related?

Mountain Lion and Domestic Dog

which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes unicellular and live in extreme environments

Which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes, unicellular, and live in extreme environments?

Archaebacteria

which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes unicellular and like to decompose dead matter

Which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes, unicellular, and like to decompose dead matter?

Eubacteria

slide20

Which kingdom contains organisms that are eukaryotes, unicellular or multicellular, mobile and heterotrophs?

Protista

slide21

Which kingdom contains organisms that are multicellular eukaryotes, mobile and heterotrophs? They do not have cell walls.

Animalia

fungi
Which kingdom contains organisms that are multicellular eukaryotes, have cell walls with chitin, and absorb their food? Examples are yeast, mold, and mildew.

Fungi

what do viruses need to reproduce
What do viruses need to reproduce?
  • A living cell as a host
lysogenic cycle
Lysogenic cycle
  • A virus cycle where a virus injects its DNA into a cell, reproduces normally, but does not cause the cell to lyse.
are viruses alive explain
Are viruses alive?? Explain.
  • NO
  • Viruses do not have all the characteristics of living things.
  • Not made of cells
  • Cannot live independently.
  • Must infect a living cell to reproduce.
how do viruses cause disease
How do viruses cause disease?
  • By disrupting the cell’s equilibrium.
identify the three shapes of bacteria

Identify the three shapes of bacteria

Bacillus – rod shaped

Spirillum – spiral shaped

Coccus - round

how do bacteria reproduce
How do bacteria reproduce?
  • Binary Fission – Asexual Reproduction
what is the name of the process where two bacteria exchange part of their dna to increase diversity

What is the name of the process where two bacteria exchange part of their DNA to increase diversity?

Conjugation

name two ways bacteria are beneficial
Name two ways bacteria are beneficial.
  • Decomposeers
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Used to produce food.
  • Digest food in the digestive tract.
  • Synthesize drugs such as insulin.
  • Cleanup oil spills.
name two diseases caused by bacteria
Name two diseases caused by bacteria
  • Tetanus
  • Strep throat
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bacterial Meningitis
  • Lyme disease
name two viruses that cause disease
Name two viruses that cause disease.
  • Influenza
  • HIV virus causes AIDS
what body system is affected by aids what type of cells are infected by the hiv virus

What body system is affected by AIDS? What type of cells are infected by the HIV virus?

Immune system

Helper T Cells

what can you do to treat or prevent a viral disease
What can you do to treat or prevent a viral disease?
  • Vaccines can prevent a viral disease.
  • Antibiotics do not work on viral diseases.
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