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Focusing Lens for the SSR1 Section of PXIE with Active Shielding. Continuing Discussion. Requirements. Main Coil. Minimum beam bore diameter 30 mm Maximum allowed longitudinal real estate 170 mm Nominal temperature 2 K. Main concept approaches reviewed:
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Main concept approaches reviewed:
1. Lens is not mechanically connected to the beam pipe; passive shielding;
2. Lens is mechanically connected to the beam pipe; passive shielding;
3. Lens is mechanically connected to the beam pipe; active shielding.
Required strength 0.0025 T-m – 2-9-12
1 mrad error of solenoid alignment excites betatron oscillations of about 1.5 mm
Oxford Instruments, 54/50 NbTi strand at 4.2 K
- Operating temperature: 1.8-4.6 K,
- Magnetic field integral: ∫Bzdz= 0.75 T-m,
- Operating current: ~79 amps,
- Inductance: 1.1 Henries,
- Shielding: B < 100G: z >= 15cm,
- Steering coils: 0.2 T, 30 T-mm,
- Bore diameter: 35 mm.
Residual field requirement (warm) – 3 µT
Wall field – less than 40 G
Focusing Strength – 4.3 T2m
Because no drawings are available, a reverse engineering approach was used to guess the coil parameters and to attempt some optimization
The need for optimization:
Existing design was optimized for the smallest field on the axis, not on the surface;
The lens on the opposite side of the cavity was not taken into account.
|B| [T] at Z = 150 mm
Parameters of optimization:
Radial position of the flux return coil;
Number of turns in the FRC;
The next adjustments were made to the original concept:
Inner position of the steering coils;
N*I in the active shield (flux return coil) was increased to reduce the field on the cavity wall at R ~ 150 mm;
Wall field less than 10 G (R = 100 mm)
Outer border field less than 3 G
Along the line Z = 250 mm
Along the line R = 250 mm
Along the line Z = 249 mm
Along the line R = 254 mm
Actively shielded SSR0 lens can be optimize to reduce the fringe field;
With some modification, it can be used in the SSR1 cryomodule;
Fringe field requirements still needs to be better understood;
Alignment precision and reproducibility needs to be studied;
If this direction is chosen, an RFP can be generated;
Design study can continue with the goal to better adjust the lens design for placement in the cryomodule and to provide a chosen vendor with better specifications;
Acceptance tests, accompanied by magnetic measurements, can be made in the 4 K cryostat of the Test Stand 3 in IB1.