Psychology Schools of Thought The Simpsons Edition
Patient: Bart Simpson • Oldest of three children • Only male child • Mischievous behavior • Parents caught him hitting cars with a slingshot and took him to 7 different psychologists…
Biological/Neuroscience School • Focus: brain and body chemistry. • Bart's behavior = something physically going wrong with his body. • They would look at Bart's brain for abnormalities, check his blood chemistry and diet, and maybe put him on medication.
Evolutionary School • Focus: process of natural selection. • Way back in the caveman days, Bart's great greatgreatgreatgreatgreatgreatgreatgreatgreatgreat grandfather also misbehaved. • For some reason this trait helped Bart's ancestors to survive and they passed this trait all the way down to Bart.
Psychodynamic School • Focus: unconscious drives (Freud) • In Bart's case, a person from the psychodynamic school might say that Bart acts out because he actually has sexual feelings for his mother (hidden in the unconscious) • To ignore those feelings, he does the opposite of his true desire (a defense mechanism called reaction formation) and tries to annoy her.
Behavioral School • Focus: observable behaviors • If Bart was angry and shot a stone at Flanders’ car, the behavioral school would only focus on the behavior and not his feelings. • They might do something like shock Bart every time he tries to use his slingshot. Bart would eventually associate the shocking behavior with his misbehavior and stop it.
Humanistic School • Focus: self-actualization • They would listen to Bart and hear out his problems. They would tell him to focus on the healthy person they know he can be. • For Humanists believe that everyone has thepower to solve their own problems if they can shed themselves of that negative vibe. • Scientists always have the most trouble dealing with the Humanistic school because it is really hard to tell if it works.
Cognitive School • Focus: how we interpret, process and remember events. • They would say that Bart acts out because he has learned that that is the best way to deal with the world. • They would help Bart develop alternative cognitive strategies
Social-Cultural School • Focus: Social and Cultural Influences • We all grow up in different environments, with various religions, family structures, money etc... All of these things effect the way we think and act. • In Bart's case it could be a number of things: • A smarty-pants little sister • A baby sister fixated at the oral stage • A busy stay-at-home mom • A father who may not be the best male role model
Brought to you by Adapted from www.appsychology.com Mrs. Halfen