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Functional Groups. Draw & name 5 isomers of C 5 H 8. Name the following:. OH. O. Draw & name 5 types of isomers of:. OH. O. Draw & Name Isomers of: C 4 H 6. Functional Groups. Chemically active part of an organic compound. Functional Groups.

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Presentation Transcript
slide6
Functional Groups
  • Chemically active part of an organic compound
slide7
Functional Groups
  • Anything other than singularly bonded carbon & hydrogen in an organic compound
slide8
Functional Groups
  • The name of any organic compound ends with the suffix for the most important functional group
slide9
Terminology
  • R- represents the part of the organic compound you are not referring to
slide10
Terminology
  • R-OH
  • -OH is the functional group
  • R- anything else
slide13
Halides
  • R-X
  • X = F, Cl, Br, or I
  • haloalkane
  • alkylhalide
slide14
Alcohols
  • R-OH
  • hydroxyalkane
  • alkanol
slide15
Ethers
  • R1-O-R2
  • alkylalkylether
  • alkoxyalkane
name the following
Name the following:

OH Cl

CH CH

H3C CH2 CH3

slide17
Ketones
  • O
  • R-C-R
  • Oxy or ketoalkane
  • alkanone
slide18
Aldehydes

O

  • R-C-H
  • alkanal
  • alkanaldehyde
slide19
Carboxylic Acid
  • O
  • R-C-OH
  • Alkanoic Acid
homework
Homework
  • Draw & Name 5 isomers of C4H8O
slide21
Name the following:
  • CH3-CH2-CH2-OH
  • CH3-CH2-O- CH2-CH3
  • O
  • CH3-CH2-C-CH2-CH3
slide22
Name the following:

O O

C C

H3C CH OH

OH

slide23
Name the following:
  • O
  • CH3-CH2-CH2-C-OH
  • O
  • CH3-CH2-C-H
slide24
Esters
  • O
  • R1-C-O-R2
  • Alkylalkanoate
slide26
Anhydrides
  • O O
  • R1-C-O-C-R2
  • Alkanoicalkanoic anhydride
slide27
Amines
  • R-NH2
  • Aminoalkane
  • alkylamine
slide28
Primary Amines
  • R-NH2
  • Aminoalkane
  • alkylamine
slide29
Secondary Amines
  • R2
  • R1-NH
  • Alkylalkylamine
slide30
Tertiary Amines
  • R2
  • R1-N-R3
  • Alkylalkylalkylamine
slide31
Quaternary Amines
  • R2
  • R1-N-R3
  • R4
  • Tetraalkylammonium
slide32
Amides
  • O
  • R1-C-NH2
  • Alkanoamide
slide33
Nitrile
  • R-C=N
  • Cyanoalkane
  • Alkanonitrile
slide34
Homework
  • Draw & Name 5 isomers of C3H7NO
slide35
Cyanate
  • R-O-C=N
  • Alkylcyanate
slide36
Isocyanate
  • R-N=C=O
  • Alkylisocyanate
slide38
Thiol
  • R-SH
  • Sulfhydrylalkane
  • Mercaptoalkane
  • Alkanethiol
slide39
Sulfide
  • R1-S-R2
  • Alkylalkylsulfide
  • Alkylalkylthioether
slide40
Disulfide
  • R1-S-S-R2
  • Alkylalkyldisulfide
slide41
Thioesters
  • O
  • R1-C-S-R2
  • Alkylthioalkanoate
slide42
Thiocyanate
  • R-S-C=N
  • Alkylthiocyanate
slide43
Isothiocyanate
  • R-N=C=S
  • Alkylisothiocyanate
slide45
Phosphates
  • O
  • R-O-P-O-1
  • O-1
  • Alkylphosphate
slide46
Diphosphates
  • O O
  • R-O-P-O-P-O-1
  • O-1 O-1
  • Alkyldiphosphate
slide47
Triphosphates
  • O O O
  • R-O-P-O-P-O-P-O-1
  • O-1 O-1 O-1
  • Alkyltriphosphate
slide48
Phosphodiester
  • O
  • R1-O-P-O-R2
  • O-1
  • Alkylalkylphosphate
drill
Drill:

Draw & Name 5 Isomers of:

C3H6SO

draw the following
Draw the Following:
  • 3-methyl-5-propyl-octanoamide
  • Octylbutanoate
slide61
Draw the Following:
  • Aceticpentanoic anhydride
  • 2-cyano-3-mercaptohexanoic acid
slide63
Draw:
  • 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-benzoamide
slide64
Drill: Draw:
  • 4-hydroxy-2-mercapto-4-pentenoic acid
slide67
O

R C

O R

slide71
O

R C

OH

slide72
O
  • C
  • R R
slide74
O O

C C

R O R

slide76
H

:N R

R

slide77
O

R C

NH2

slide78
O

R C

H

slide82
R +

R N R

R

slide85
O

R C

S R

slide87
O -2

O P O R

O

slide88
R

:N R

R

drill name
Drill: Name:

NH2

OH

O

SH

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