13 English Colonies. British Control. The King of England had final authority because he granted the charter. Parliament (in England) makes the laws for England and all the colonies. Part 1: New England. Massachusetts Bay Colony Rhode Island Connecticut New Hampshire.
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British Control • The King of England had final authority because he granted the charter. • Parliament (in England) makes the laws for England and all the colonies.
Part 1: New England • Massachusetts Bay Colony • Rhode Island • Connecticut • New Hampshire
Government in New England • Colonial Government: General Court, an assembly of representatives • Local Government: Town Meetings which encouraged the growth of democratic ideas.
Religion/Sabbath: most important Education: public for all boys and girls through grammar school. Everyone had to learn to read in order to read the bible. Massachusetts set up the first public schools in the colonies. Economy: shipbuilding, whaling, and fishing were important. Farming was subsistence in nature. Social Life in New England
Part 2: The Middle Colonies“The Breadbasket” New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware
Life in the Middle Colonies • Religion: All had religious freedom • Education: No public schools, those wealthy enough were able to send their children to private school or hire a tutor. • Economy: Breadbasket – cash crops or wheat, barley, and rye. Mild winters and fertile soil made farming very important in the Middle colonies. Large farms meant great distances between homes. County government
Middle Colonies • Local government formed on a county level. Large farms meant great distances between homes and towns. • Backcountry: Western areas of the colonies. Life was very rustic and difficult.
Philadelphia • William Penn
Part 3: Southern Colonies • Virginia • Maryland • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia
Southern Settlement • Virginia was the most prosperous southern colony by the 1750’s. • Economy: Tobacco, rice, indigo were the major crops.
Southern Living • Representative Government at the colonial and local level, controlled by the wealthy. • No public schooling, private schools for the wealthy. • Plantation Owners vs Poor White Farmers • Slaves: needed to work the vast plantations owned by the wealthy.
Southern Living • Slavery in British Colonies