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Part I: Investigating the Past. World’s First Accurate Star Map. Who: Hipparchus When: Circa 130 B.C. Equipment: His own knowledge of mathematics and observations of the movements of the stars. Galileo & the Telescope. Who: Galileo Galilei When: 1609

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world s first accurate star map
World’s First Accurate Star Map
  • Who: Hipparchus
  • When: Circa 130 B.C.
  • Equipment: His own knowledge of mathematics and observations of the movements of the stars.
galileo the telescope
Galileo & the Telescope
  • Who: Galileo Galilei
  • When: 1609
  • Equipment/Technology: Making improvements on the first telescope, was able to magnify objects 3-30 times; used this telescope to discover 4 of Jupiter’s moons, the cycles of Venus, and was one of the first to study sunspots
first satellite to orbit earth
First Satellite to Orbit Earth
  • Who: The Sputnik Satellite; USSR
  • When: October 4, 1957
  • Equipment/Technology: A satellite about 58 cm in diameter, about 83.6g weight, travelled 29,000 km/hr (96 minute orbit), beeping radio beacon
first human in orbit
First Human in Orbit
  • Who: Yuri Gagarin; USSR
  • When: April 12, 1961
  • Equipment/Technology: USSR-developed Vostok 1 spacecraft
apollo moon landing
Apollo Moon Landing
  • Who: NASA, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin
  • When: July 20, 1969
  • Equipment/Technology: Apollo 11 space craft with Moon lander, “Eagle”
voyager 1 space probe
Voyager 1 Space Probe
  • Who: NASA
  • When: September 5, 1977
  • Equipment/Technology: U.S. robotic space probe, 722 kg, farthest man-made object in space, first to leave our solar system, detailed photo study of Jupiter/Saturn systems, also carries a golden record with details of life on Earth in case it is discovered by intelligent life.
hubble space telescope
Hubble Space Telescope
  • Who: NASA
  • When: Launched 1990
  • Equipment/Technology: Launched from a shuttle; array of cameras capable of taking photos, such as the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, which is the deepest look into the universe (image contains ~ 10,000 galaxies and goes back approximately 13 billion years); allows scientists to take sharp images of distant objects in space
international space station
International Space Station
  • Who: American, European, Japanese, Russian space programs
  • When: In orbit assembly began in 1998 and was scheduled to end in 2012 (has been extended)
  • Equipment/Technology: Largest artificial satellite to orbit Earth, can be seen from the ground with naked eye, has a microgravity environment for carrying out research
virgin galactic commercial space flight
Virgin Galactic Commercial Space Flight
  • Who: Richard Branson, Virgin Group
  • When: ~ 2010 testing, future flights
  • Equipment/Technology: $200,000 per ticket, 6 passenger 2-pilot craft, SpaceCraft Two is carried atop a carrier aircraft called White Knight II, will go 100km into space for 6 minutes of weightlessness