Download
the failed state index 2011 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Failed State Index, 2011 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Failed State Index, 2011

The Failed State Index, 2011

90 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

The Failed State Index, 2011

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Failed State Index, 2011 Taken From: Foreign Policy. 2011. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/06/17/2011_failed_states_index_interactive_map_and_rankings

  2. What makes a country a “failed state?”

  3. Definition of a “state.” • Set of institutions that successfully create and implement policy. • Monopoly of the use of force within a defined territory. • Institutions and government are sovereign. Strong Weak Failing Failed

  4. Somalia

  5. Chad

  6. Sudan

  7. Democratic Republic of the Congo

  8. Haiti

  9. Failed States Index, 2011 • Nigeria 14th 99.9 • Iran 35th 90.2 • China 72nd 80.1 • Russia 82nd 77.7 • Mexico 93rd 75.1 • U.S. 158th 34.8 • UK 159th 34.1 • Finland 177th 19.7

  10. “Think Again: Failed States” • Some can be helped if they are willing to be helped. • Ruthless leaders often prevent. • Military intervention: sometimes appropriate. • Can remove despots. • Some states were born to fail. • State boundaries drawn by imperialists (Africa). • Combine multiple ethnicities

  11. “Think Again: Failed States” • Imperialism and the West: sometimes a factor • Congo: Belgium brutalized people and stripped resources. • Afghanistan: victim of the Cold War • Imperialism and the West: sometimes not • Haiti: 200 years since France • Iraq: Initially succeeded after colonization • Some are ungoverned: Somalia (hapless) • Some are misgoverned: Pakistan/Sudan • Self-destructive policies

  12. Economic Development Strategies • Import Substitution: • Stimulate domestic industries with tariffs and other trade barriers. • “substitute imports” with domestic goods. • Structural Adjustment: • Integrate into global markets through globalization • Currently emphasized by World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  13. International Financial Institutions • World Bank • Gives loans and grants to LDCs • Countries contributing the most have the most influence. • International Monetary Fund • Promotes international monetary cooperation and currency stability. • Loans based on “conditionality.” • Structural adjustment and other conditions.

  14. THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION • 153 countries • All major economies, but Russia. • Emphasis on FREE trade • Create and administer trade agreements.