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Project Management. What is Project Management?. The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet project requirements. History of Project Management. 1945 – 1960 Over-the-fence management

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What is project management l.jpg
What is Project Management?

  • The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet project requirements


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History of Project Management

  • 1945 – 1960

    • Over-the-fence management

    • The Department of Defense realized this method was ineffective

    • The idea of a project manager with accountability for the entire project came about

    • By the late 1950s, the aerospace and defense industries were using project management on all their projects (pressured suppliers to do the same)


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History of Project Management

  • 1960 - 1985

    • By the 1970’s NASA and the DOD required subcontractors to use project management

    • The purpose of project management was to put together the best possible team to achieve the objective. At termination the team would be disbanded.

  • 1985 - present

    • Executives now realize the necessity of project management as a way to handle complexity, meet customer expectations, and remain competitive


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Benefits of Project Management

  • Better coordination among functional areas

  • Ensure that tasks are completed even when there is personnel turnover

  • Minimize the need for continuous reporting

  • Identification of realistic time limits

  • Early identification of problems

  • Improved estimating capability

  • Easier to monitor success


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Organizational Structures are Evolving to Meet the Need for Project Management

  • Functional

  • Project

  • Matrix


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Functional Organizational Structure Project Management

CEO

VP Engineering

VP Manufacturing

VP HR

VP IT

Staff

Staff

Staff

Staff


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Project Organizational Structure Project Management

CEO

Project A Manager

Project B Manager

Project C Manager

Staff

Staff

Staff


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What do Project Manager do? Project Management

  • Manage the people and resources necessary to meet scope, time, cost, and quality goals

  • Communicate the progress of the team with managers and customers


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Project Management Careers Project Management

  • Average Salary in 2000 = $81,000*

  • Project Management Institute (PMI) is an international professional society for project managers (www.pmi.org)

  • Project Management Professional (PMP) Certification

    *PMI’s 2000 Salary Survey


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