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Shipping. Agenda Part 1. Introduction, Nomenclature, Major shipping companies Part 2. Charter - Voyage, time and others Part 3. Deck maintenance Part 4. Engine room and maintenance Part 5. Communication system and others. Softsmith Infotech.
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Shipping • Agenda • Part 1. Introduction, Nomenclature, Major shipping companies • Part 2. Charter - Voyage, time and others • Part 3. Deck maintenance • Part 4. Engine room and maintenance • Part 5. Communication system and others
Softsmith Infotech • An Independent verification & validation (V & V) organization • Testing is our core service offering and sole focus • ISO 9001:2000 certified by DNV • 100+ strong testing resources deployed across 20 different clients • Experts in product testing, solution testing and process consulting • 8 year track record in testing in India and in the USA • Offices in Chennai & Bangalore India, Cupertino CA USA • A niche mixture of technical knowledge and domain knowledge • Domain spectrum: Cargo management, Supply chain, HR, SOX compliance, PDA/Mobile, Insurance (life), Finance, Securities, CRM, Logistics, eLearning • Clients: Accenture, HP, IBM, HCL, Hexaware, Aurigo, MetricStream, AON, Verizon, CTS, CollabNet, TVS Electronics, Adrenalin,…
What is Shipping ? • Process of Transporting Cargo • Transporting may happen through Land/Sea/Air • Land Transport : Road/Rail • Sea Transport : Ships • Air Transport : Airplanes • Ships/Trains/Planes/Trucks do not transport cargo, only people do
Why Shipping is needed? • Goods Manufactured must be used. • Goods maybe manufactured at one location and used at various locations. • For a product to be manufactured at one location, raw materials maybe from various locations. • Supply Chain must be closed.
Where is Shipping in vogue ? • Shipping we will refer now in waterways. • Waterways can be Inland and Ocean. • Inland waterways are being used by Boats, Small vessels, Small ships etc., • Oceanways are being used by Large Vessels
Advantages of Water Transport • Effective mode for transporting huge quantity / large volume of cargo. • Cost Effective than Air Cargo • Wherever Road/Rail transportation is impossible, Water Transport is an economical option. (Between Sea separated Continents)
Disadvantages of Water Transport • Very Slow when compared to Air/Road/Rail mode • High Risk due to Nature, Sea Piracy • Not suitable for Perishable Cargo
Cargo • Cargo can be of two types • Dry Cargo like Coal, Iron Ore, Cereals etc., • Wet Cargo like Petroleum products, chemicals • Dry Cargo also comprises of Finished Goods like Automobiles, Manufactured items which can be transported in Containers and also using Boxes, Pallets, Cases etc.,
Types of Vessels • COMMERCIAL VESSELS (also known as Merchant Navy or Merchant Marine) • Non-COMMERCIAL VESSELS (Essentially Warships, Submarines)
Types of Commercial Vessels • CARGO VESSELS • PASSENGER VESSELS (Cruise Liners, Ocean Liners, Ferries) • FISHING BOATS • SPECIAL PURPOSE VESSELS (Pilot boats – used in Harbours/Canals/Causeways/Riverways, Tugboats, Rescue boats, Research vessels, Survey vessels, Icebreakers)
Vessel Classification – based on Specifications • Type of engine m.v. (motor vehicle) m.t. (motor turbine) • Type of Cargo Dry Cargo Bulk Carriers & Containers Wet Cargo Tankers (both liquid & gas)
Vessel • Funnel • Stern • Propeller and Rudder • Portside (left) and Starboard (right) • Anchor • Bulbous bow • Bow • Deck • Superstructure
Key Parts of Vessel • Anchor chain • Portside (Left side when viewed from rear) • Starboard side (Right side) • Hull • Crane/Grab • Lifeboats • Gangways
Key Parts of Vessel • Main Engine • Auxilliary Engine • Fresh Water Generator • Lube Oil Tank • Fuel Tank • Diesel Oil Tank
Vessel Movement Vessels movements can be defined as: 1. Heave 2. Sway 3. Surge 4. Yaw 5. Pitching 6. Roll
Vessel Movement 1.Heave 2. Sway 3. Surge 4. Yaw 5. Pitching 6. Roll
Bulk Carriers • Bulk Carriers are cargo ships for transporting bulk cargo items like ore, food staples (rice, wheat, grain, etc.,). They have large box-like hatches on its deck, designed to slide outboard for loading.
Tankers • Tankers are cargo ships for the transport of fluids, such as Crude Oil, Petroleum, LPG, LNG, Chemicals, Vegetable Oils, Food items. • Tanker sector comprises 1/3rd of World tonnage.
Containers • Container Ships are used to transport entire Truck-size Containers. Informally known as “Box Boats”. • Goods are simply stacked inside the Containers.
Reefer Ships • Reefer Ships are used to transport perishable commodities like Fruits, Meat, Fish, Vegetables, Dairy products, Foodstuffs etc., • Reefer Ships have special Temperature-Controlled Cargo area.
Roll-on / Roll-off Ships • Roll-on/Roll-off ships are used to transport Automobiles, Trailers, Railway Wagons. • These vessels have built-in ramps which allow the wheeled cargo to be efficiently “Rolled-on” and “Rolled-off” the vessel.
Cruise Ships • Cruise ships are passenger ships for pleasure voyages. Before the invention of Aircrafts, Sea Transport used to be one of the major mode of transporting people across the seas. • Now, Cruising is an important component of Tourism Industry.
Cable-layer ships • Cable layer is a deep sea vessel used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electricity etc.,
Dredgers • Dredgers are used to excavate in shallow seas for the purpose of gathering up bottom sediments and disposing them off at a different location.
Tug boats • Tugboats are used to manoeuvre other vessels in harbours, over the open sea or through rivers and canals.
Barge • Barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. Barges are not self-propelled (by and large) and they need tugboats.