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The Hayward Area Planning Association proposes Bayview Village. A new kind of neighborhood. Suburbia has its costs. Detached single family housing on large lots using cars is inherently expensive economically and environmentally

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The Hayward Area Planning Association proposes Bayview Village


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    1. The Hayward Area Planning Association proposes Bayview Village A new kind of neighborhood

    2. Suburbia has its costs • Detached single family housing on large lots using cars is inherently expensive economically and environmentally • Building costs are necessarily higher for land and materials, reducing affordability • The system is not sustainable due to greenhouse gases, pollution, water consumption, fossil energy consumption • Loss of farmland reduces the land for food

    3. more • Fossil energy costs are rising due to peak oil • Overuse of cars makes us fat, lazy, unhealthy • Auto accidents maim us and kill us • Cars work poorly in congestion and when there is a lack of parking • Cars are expensive in time and money to buy, use, insure, maintain, repair, operate, use bridges, pay to park, accidents

    4. more • Suburbia is a car dependent monoculture lacking flexibility in travel modes • Strip commercial and parking lots are really ugly and increase temperatures on hot days • Subpar neighborliness: lack of community amenities and places for social interaction • Over-par drugs and crime: decline of old neighborhoods • Loss of nature and biodiversity diminishes the human spirit

    5. The problem is the system and the solution is system change • Urban systems are a combination of land use, transportation, and how we pay for them • A neighborhood system looks at smaller residential areas, household transportation, and the combined costs of housing, utilities, and transportation • We are so used to our system we can’t see it • Our culture induces passivity and acceptance

    6. more • We can’t deal with ignorance until we realize there is something we need to know about • Even if we “get it,” the market does not offer housing in sustainable neighborhoods • Enlightened Ones want a carbon swap raising the relative cost gasoline; the rest of us, not so much

    7. Six goals of system change • Affordability • Sustainability • Mobility • Health, safety, security • Appealing design • Community

    8. Affordability • all units under 110% of HUD median income • factory-built modules minimizing waste and down time using new building techniques • simultaneous land improvements and building construction • reduced area and cost of paving and of parking structures for cars • decreased cost of land per unit

    9. Sustainability • Use of sustainably harvested lumber and new kinds of green building materials • Storm water retention and use on-site, water conserving fixtures, grey water, and native plants to minimize water use, sewage, and storm runoff • Tight, insulated buildings, solar energy, and efficient appliances and lighting for net zero • Reduced use of cars, less fossil energy use, less pollution

    10. Mobility • Provide many alternatives to cars: • Village Bus • Many destinations in walking distance • Taxi vouchers for health and guaranteed ride home from BART • Village Association mini-van • Freight electrocart • Cars when needed: car ports, car share and rental, public parking, off-site parking

    11. Health, safety, security • Short walks to Village Center • Parks and walking trails • Fitness Center • Cleaner air, less noise • Safety: no car traffic • Security: • Defensible space • HOA managers on site • Social networking

    12. Appealing design • Streetscapes using wide setbacks between buildings • Trees and other landscaping in parks and along walkways • Facades with interesting design, color and ornamentation • A variety of views along walkways mixing straight and curved, short and long, and views into parks

    13. Community • Informal interaction along walkways, in parks, in Village Center around the square, store, café, mail boxes, ATM, and service counter, and on Village Bus • Community center with formal meeting facilities for fitness, meetings, banquets, events • Village bus for planned trips to Costco, T Joe’s, San Francisco culture • HOA management with community purpose

    14. Bayview Village is • A new neighborhood system achieving the six goals • Proposed in the hills near California State University in Hayward • Less dependent on cars, yet convenient, healthy, attractive, safe, and affordable • Designed for walking and transit • Environmentally sustainable in its housing, energy, and transportation

    15. Critical Mass / Economies of Scale • Bayview would have about 1,000 units and 2,300 residents, a critical mass for achieving economies of scale: • Enough people in a small area to generate sufficient demand for a community center, a café, a store, a shuttle bus, short walking distances, and other features that meet or exceed suburban standards

    16. Locationbetween Cal State University and downtown Hayward Village Bus route 2.2 miles, campus to BART

    17. The Site • An old quarry and a partially built subdivision • Mostly owned by Caltrans, which is selling the properties • Zoned for Sustainable Mixed Use to support a project like Bayview Village • Has 34.3 acres, of which 23.50 acres are developable • The adjacent PG&E easement would have a busway, community garden, orchard, and landscaping

    18. Living on Site Balancing efficiency with attractiveness Site plan and land uses Village center and view Parks and recreation Design and floor plans

    19. The Site Plan • Major north-south walkways for access • Cars not allowed on walkways; moving vans, public safety and sanitation are allowed • Car access on Overlook Ave. • Building orientation south for solar power • Focal point at Village Center

    20. Land uses the developable area

    21. The Village Center • Community Center • Mixed Use Building with café and store • Village Square Park • Courtyard Park • Busway

    22. The Community Center

    23. The Village Square Bus Stop

    24. Bayview Condos

    25. Store and Café Bus stop

    26. The Café has a spectacular view.

    27. Parks in the Village: 4 small parks within developed area Tot lot; Bocce court Village Square Courtyard Park in Mixed UsedBlock Trails in the Village: 238 Regional Trail comes through Bayview Village from north to south Hayward Bayview Trail from Village Center to picnic area and park on north side by creek Nearby:Hidden Hills Health and Racquet Club, Cal State playing fields Parks and Recreation

    28. Design • Designed for pleasant walking; wide walkways with no traffic • Low rise spaciousness despite density: 3 story buildings, 32 foot and 36 foot set backs • 3 story and row housing optimize building energy conservation and solar energy on roofs • Visually appealing landscaping and building facades

    29. View north along main walkway

    30. Façades Inspired by Victorian Era Two bedroom condos in sixplex Three bedroom townhouse Visual appeal using familiar and attractive design elements

    31. At or below market prices for comparable units Rent to buy option—try before you buy Prices (2012)

    32. Affordability (2012)

    33. Studio and One Bedrooms in Mixed Use Block with main entrance on Busway

    34. Two Bedroom two bath in a Sixplex

    35. Three Bedroom Townhouse with flex space living and dining on second floor

    36. 4 Bedroom Townhouse living dining on first floor Five Bedroom Townhouse is bigger but similar

    37. Transportation On-site mobility Off-site mobility, the Village Bus Mobility: cars where they work well

    38. On-site mobility • The land use plan supports walking for trips usually done by car, such as shopping and recreation. • Walking distances are short and convenient: • the maximum walk time from the most distant unit to Community Center is five minutes • Most monthly needs are met on-site by the store, the café, community center, parks, and trails.

    39. On-site mobility:Community Center functions • Busway level: resident services, ATM, mailboxes, package delivery, fireplace reading room, potential childcare center, bike repair, freight-carrying electrocart • Second floor: fitness center, meeting and event rooms, kitchen/coffee bar, small offices to rent or lease • Third floor: managers’ residences

    40. Off-site mobility: the Village Bus • Free: Eco-pass for village residents • Frequent: Every 10 minutes most of the day • Fast: Downtown Hayward and BART in six minutes; Cal State in two minutes Downtown: Buffalo Bill’s Brewpub HaywardBART Cal State Hayward

    41. Why the Village Bus is fast: • It uses rapid bus concepts: • Diesel electric hybrid motor with batteries • Nimble, midsize 30 foot 20-30 person bus • Powerful engine for fast hill-climbing • Regenerative braking to recover energy • Guided docking at door-level bus stops • No-step, fast boarding from elevated stops • Signal preference at red lights • Lane jumping ahead of cars at key intersections

    42. More • Proof of purchasing ticketing • No on-board fare collection or ticket sales • Drop-off directly at the BART entrance; no time lost driving or hunting for parking and walking in • Homeowner fees support eco-pass • Fast, frequent service increases ridership • High ridership may support more frequent service • Supports transit-oriented development along Mission Blvd and downtown • Supports access to CSU

    43. Mobility: cars • 100 covered carports on Overlook Ave., leased at market rate, about $125 per month • 20 public parking spaces at market rate • Car rental and car share, all electric and hybrid • Taxi vouchers for urgent trips to poorly served places (like Kaiser and St. Rose, for health care) • Guaranteed ride home: taxi vouchers from BART when Village Bus not running • The Homeowner Association van is available for group trips • Off site nearby, leased parking at less cost

    44. Energy Passive solar Active solar Energy efficiency

    45. Passive Solar • 2”x6” studs, not 2”x4”, creates space for insulation in walls • R-26 for walls and R-50 for top ceiling exceeds Title 24, California’s new energy conservation regulations • Upgraded windows deflect sun • Windows and shades optimize heat gain • Doors and windows seal tight, tested by blower door • Three story row and hallway building optimize energy conservation

    46. Active Solar • Based on the Echofirst system • Roof array combines photovoltaic (PV) panels and thermal panels for high efficiency • Roof mounting system and panels shed rain, reducing roofing costs • PV panels generate electricity and also get hot; a duct underneath heats air

    47. Continued… • Attic has Energy Transfer Module (ETM), hot air heats water • Attic has hydronic space heater • Water tank has electric coil near top when needed to boost water temp • Electronic controls help residents monitor and manage for energy savings. • Bathroom has hydronic warm towel rack, dries towels and heats room

    48. Energy efficiency • High efficiency CFL and LED lighting • Lighting controls • Efficient light levels • Energy Star appliances • refrigerator • clothes washer • clothes dryer • range • dishwasher

    49. Building Materials, Construction • Green buildings: • Sustainable lumber (certified by the Forest Stewardship Council or similar certifier) • Healthy paints and finishes • New low waste, high efficiency building techniques • Rain screen siding against mold • Building efficiencies in construction of three story row housing

    50. Water, landscaping • Water efficiency: • drought-resistant, native plant landscaping • rainwater retentionand absorption, zero runoff using large trickle-out pipes under walkways • greywater systems • water-efficient fixtures and appliances • Reduced water use • Less water pollution