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bunebrivi gazi. “ NARUC ”-is programa energetikis regulirebis sferoSi partniorobisTvis saqarTvelos energetikis maregulrebeli erovnuli komisia da vermonTis sajaro samsaxuris sabWo. avtori jun e. Tirni vermonTis sajaro samsaxuris sabWos iuristi 2008 wlis 1 ivlisi.

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slide1
bunebrivi gazi

“NARUC”-is programa energetikis regulirebis sferoSi partniorobisTvis

saqarTvelos energetikis maregulrebeli erovnuli komisia

da

vermonTis sajaro samsaxuris sabWo

avtori

jun e. Tirni

vermonTis sajaro samsaxuris sabWos

iuristi

2008 wlis 1 ivlisi

informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”
  • vermonTi mTeli bunebrivi gazis imports kanadidan axdens
  • “transkanadis” milsadeni “kanadis energetikis erovnuli sabWos mier” regulirdeba
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi1
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”
  • “vermonT gezi” Crdilo-dasavleT vermnonTis 40 000-ze met mosaxles da sawarmos emsaxureba
  • “vermonT gezi” vermonTSi bunebrivi gazis erTaderTi ganmanawilebelia
    • franCiza mTeli Statis teritorias faravs
    • maregulirebeli politika “vermonT gezs” arsebuli fargebis miRma gafarTovebis stimulebs uqmnis
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi2
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”
  • “vermonT gezma” bunebrivi gazis pirveli kubometrebi vermonTSi 1966 wels Semoitana
  • “vermonT gezma” 100 wlis win Seqmnili gazis sistema bunebrivi gazis gadacemis da ganawilebis Tanamedrove da efeqtur sistemad aqcia
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi3
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”
  • gadacemis sistema
    • 113 kilometriani maRali wnevis milsadeni
    • 41 sm diametris milebis28 kilometri (1440 paskali kvadratul diuimze)
    • 25 sm diametris milebis72 kilometri (600 paskali kvadratul diuimze)
    • sxva tipis milsadenebi - 14.5 kilometri
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi4
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”
  • “vermonT gezs” saerTaSorso korporatiul mflobelobaSi imyofeba
  • misi “mSobeli” kompania – Gas Metro, LP – kanadis organoebis mier regulirdeba
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi5
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”
  • “vermonT gezis” biznesi sezonuria... mosaxleoba gazis 80%-s zamTris periodSi moixmars.
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi6
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”

“vermonT gez sistemsi” gazis miwodeba – momsaxureba:

  • “vermont gez sistemsi” kombinirebulad iyenebs milsadenis sabaziso datvirTvas, gazis Seanxvas da pikur miwodebas, raTa saukeTesod daakmayofilos momxmareblebis moTxovnilebebi
    • sabaziso datvirTvis momsaxureba mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi uwyvetad xorcieldeba
    • Senaxva zamTris sezonisTvis xdeba da am momsaxurebaze kontraqti “Gaz Metro”-sTan aris gaformebuli
    • pikuri mieodebebi yvelaze Zviria da zamTYris sezonis ganmavlobaSi 30-45 dRiT Semoifargleba
  • sistemaSi CarTuli propanis qarxana uzrunvelyofs pikur sezonze fasebis stabilizacias da moqnili saeqspluatacio sqemebis gamoyenebis saSualebas iZleva
informacia vermont gez inqorforeitedi7
informacia: “vermonT gez inqorforeiTedi”

“vermonT gez sistemsis” gazis miwodebis amocanaa gamoiyenos “umdablesi fasis” midgoma Semdeg SemTxvevebSi:

  • pikuri dReebis saWiroebebis dakmayofilebisas
    • pikuri dRe ganisazRvreba rogorc 86 gradusiani dRe, anu dRe, romlis saSualo dRiuri temperatura -21 farenheits Seadgens
    • amJamad pikuri dRis xarji daaxloebiT 65 463 milion kubur futs Seadgens
  • firmis wliuri moTxovnebis dakmayofilebisas
    • firmis wliuri moTxovnileba datvirTvaze 5 800 000 milion kubur futs Seadgens
  • aramudmivi momxmareblebisTvis SezRudvebis minimizaciisas
    • aramudmivi momxmareblebisTvis klients dakmayofilebis problemebi
    • firmis klientebisTvis zRvris maqsimalizacia
bunebrivi gazis regulirebis samartlebrivi aspeqtebi
bunebrivi gazis regulirebis samarTlebrivi aspeqtebi

regionaluri:

  • SezRuduli maregulirebeli interfeisi vermonTsa da aSS-s federalur organoebs Soris
  • mniSvnelovani saerTaSoriso meregulirebeli urTierTobebi kanadasTan
  • konfliqtebis mogvarebisas ZiriTadad sakontraqto kanonebze da arbitraJze xdeba dayrdnoba
  • samodelo kontraqtebis gaformebaSi sawarmoo savaWro jgufebis roli
bunebrivi gazis regulirebis samartlebrivi aspeqtebi1
bunebrivi gazis regulirebis samarTlebrivi aspeqtebi

vermonTi:

  • mxolod Statis Sida regulireba
  • Statis sakanonmdeblo moTxovnebi
  • vermonTis uzenaesi sasamarTlos saprecedento kanonmdeblobis precedentebi
  • sabWos saprecedento kanonmdeblobis precedentebi
  • sabWos administraciuli wesebi
bunebrivi gazis regulirebis samartlebrivi aspeqtebi2
bunebrivi gazis regulirebis samarTlebrivi aspeqtebi
  • gazis ganmanawilebeli adgilobrivi kompaniebis regulirebis sakiTxebi
    • samarTliani, gamWvirvale da aradiskriminaciuli qcevis waxaliseba
    • tenderebis Catarebis/gamarjvebulebis gamovlenis wesebi da procedurebi
    • tenderis gamocxadebis Sesaxeb informaciis sajarod gavrcelebis procedurebi
    • satendero winadadebis warmodgenis procedurebi
    • tenderSi monawilebisTvis daSveba/ardaSvebis sakiTxebi
    • fiskaluri stimulebi adgilobrivi sadistribucio kompaniebis mosazidad
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • sazogadoebrivi interesebis sertifikati (CPG)
  • tarifebis SemuSavebis normebi
  • tarifebi
    • specialuri kontraqtebi
  • momsaxurebis xarisxis gegma
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi1
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • sazogadoebrivi interesebis sertifikati
    • CPG-ebi gaicema sxvadasxva miznebisaTvis:
      • gazis sawarmos sakuTrebaSi miRebis an eqspluataciisaTvis
      • sawarmoebis aSenebis an gafarTovebisaTvis
        • miwebis gamoyenebis sakiTxebis gansasazRvrad
    • sertifikatis miRebaze ganacxadis Setanis procedura gamWvirvale da sajaroa
    • ganacxadis Setana ufasoa
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi2
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • CPG-s miRebaze Setanili ganacxadebis Sefaseba “vermonTis sajaro samsaxuris sabWos mier
    • sakanonmdeblo saxelmZRvanelo principebi
      • standarti: vermonTis sazogadoebrivi interesebis dacva
    • sabJos precedentebis gamoyeneba
    • sabWos gadawyvetilebebis damoukideblad miRebis mniSvnelovani uflebamosileba gaaCnia
    • winadadebebis damtkicebis pirobebis gansazRvrisas sabWos uflebamosilebis gamoyeneba
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi3
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • kanonaRsrulebis procedurebi da meqanizmebi,CPG-s pirobebTan Sesabamisobis uzrunvelsayofad
    • konkretul SemTxvevebTan dakavSirebuli meqanizmebi
    • formaluri da araformaluri meqanizmebi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi4
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • tarifebis SemuSavebis normebi
    • regulirebis amocanebi ZiriTadad iseTivea, rogorc eleqtruli sawarmoebis SemTxvevaSi
      • gamonaklisi: sistemis gafarTovebis waxaliseba
        • vermonTSi bunebrivi gazis gamoyenebis gafarTovebis ekonomikuri da garemosdacviTi sargeblebi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi5
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • tarifi
    • momsaxurebis regulirebis “tradiciuli” Rirebuleba
      • istoriuli tarifebis Secvla xorcieldeba cnonbili da gazomvadi cvlilebebis Sesabamisad
      • ukugebis Sesabamisi donis uzrunvleyofa
      • sruli regulirebisas tarifebis Secvlas SeiZleba 8 ½ Tve dasWirdes
  • specialuri kontraqtebi
    • “vermonT gez sisTemsis”ganmanawilebel sistemas SezRuduli simZlavreebi gaaCnia; Sesabamisad, igi eyrdnoba aramudmivi momsaxurebis pirobebs raTa Searbilos moTxovnis pikebi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi6
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • alternatiuli regulireba
    • “vermonT ges sisTemss” regulirebis alternatiuli gegma gaaCnia
    • damtkicda da ganxorcielda 2006 wels
      • sami welia grZeldeba
    • gazis miwodebis cvladi fasebis problemis mogvarebis strategia
      • gazis fasis avtomaturi Sesworebis meqanizmi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi7
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • bunebrivi gazis sabiTume fasebi SeerTebul StatebSi ukanaskne wlebSi Zalian cvladi iyo
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi8
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • “vermonT gez sistemsis” xarjebis lomis wili gazis Sesyidvaze modis
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi9
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi

“vermonT gez sisTemsis” gazis Rirebuleba or komponent moicavs:

  • moTxovnis anu simZlavris xarjebi:
    • gazis A-dan B wertilSi gadatanasTan dakavSirebuli xarjebi
    • zogadad am xarjebis gaweva kompanias uwevs mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi? miuxedavad imisa xdeba Tu ara gazis realurad transportireba
    • gazis mTliani Rirebulebis daaxloebiT 15%-s Seadgens
  • saqonlis Rirebuleba:
    • konkretulad gazis RirebulebasTan dakavSirebuli xarjebi
    • am xarjebis gaweva mxolod gazis moxmarebis SemTxvevaSi xdeba
    • fasebi sabazroa da Zalzed cvladi
    • gazis Rirebulebus darCenli 85% swored masze modis
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi10
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi

“vermonT gez sisTemsis” gazis miwodebis xejirebis (zaralisagan dacvis) strategia

  • “vermonT gez sisTemsi” fasis cvalebadobis dasakompensireblad finansur instrumentebs (“hejirebas”) iyenebs
  • “vermonT gez sisTemsis” hejirebis strategia gazis SeZenasa da transportirebaze gaweuli xarjebTan aris mibmuli
  • sistematuri hejireba
    • hejireba yovel or TveSi erTxel
    • 12 Tvis erTdroulad
    • 3 sami Tvis winaswar
  • upirvelesi mizani fasis meryeobis dakompesirebaSi mdgomareobs, da ara aucileblad “saukeTeso” fasis miRebaSi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi11
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi

“regulirebis alternatiuli gegma” sxvagvarad aZlevs “vermonT gez sisTemss” xarjebis kompensirebis SesaZleblobas:

  • gazis Rirebulebis anazRaureba ganixileba sxva saoperacio (gnawilebis) xarjebisagan gancalkevebulad
    • gazze gaweuli kvartaluri xarjebis anazRaureba
    • wliuri saoperacio xarjebis anazRaureba
  • Seicavs debulebebs mimdinare maregulirebeli Semowmebebis, momsaxurebis xarisxis moTxovnebis da energo efeqturobaSi investirebis Sesaxeb
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi12
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • gazis fasis avtomaturi Sesworebis meqanizmi:
    • bunebrivi gazis fasi calke aisaxeba momxmareblebisTvis gamoweril qviTrebze
    • bunebrivi gazis fasi moicavs sasaqonlo fasebsa da kanadis teritoriis gavliT mis transportirebaze gaweul danaxarjebs
    • bunebrivi gazis fasebi icvleba yovelkvartalurad, sabiTumo bazarze arsebuli situaciis Sesabamisad
    • “vermonT gez sisTemsi” ganagrZob hejirebas gazis fasis stabilizaciis mizniT
    • deferaluri angariSi saSualebas gvaZlevs daviWiroT variaciebis 90% da gaviTvaliswinoT isini samomavlo tarifebSi
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermontsi13
gazis sawarmoebis regulirebis instrumentebi vermonTSi
  • saoperacio xarjebis komensireba – sabaziso tarifebi da Semosavlis ganawilebis meqanizmi
  • yvela saoperacio (gazis fasTan duakavSirebeli) xarjebis kompensireba xdeba:
    • dRiuri daSvebis fasis da
    • ganawlebis fasis meSveobiT
  • wliuri fiqsireba
    • saoperacio xarjebi erT klientze, romlebic Semoifargleba inflacias gamoklebuli produqtiulobis namatis toli sididiT
    • debulebebi xarjebis danazogebis gaziarebis Sesaxeb
    • debulebebi nakluli/zedmeti Semosavlebis gaziarebis Sesaxeb
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