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Africa Imperialism. Imperialism. A government’s policy of ruling over a foreign country Mr. M’s defintion Acquiring colonies . Cultural Motives. Genuine concern for their “little brothers” Missionaries , doctors, and political leaders duty to spread western civilization

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Imperialism
Imperialism

  • A government’s policy of ruling over a foreign country

  • Mr. M’s defintion

    • Acquiring colonies


Cultural motives
Cultural Motives

  • Genuine concern for their “little brothers”

  • Missionaries, doctors, and political leaders

    • duty to spread western civilization

    • Including medicine, law, and Christianity

  • “Civilize the Natives”


Political motives
Political Motives

  • Nationalism

    • Pride & Prestige

  • Competition

    • halt others expansion

  • Needed for national security

    • Naval bases



How did they do it
How did they do it?

  • Technology

    • Railroads

    • Communication

    • Weaponry


Africa imperialism

King Edward of England firing Maxim gun, Maxim stands


Scramble for africa
Scramble for Africa minute)

  • 90% of the continent gobbled up in a massive European land grab (Ethiopia & Liberia)

  • Berlin Conference – (1884)

    • created the rules for “effective occupation” of conquered lands

  • ensuring that the division of Africa would take place without war



Rudyard kipling ruhd yerd
Rudyard mentality?Kipling (Ruhd – yerd)

  • Wrote the Jungle Book & White Man’s Burden

  • Glorified Imperialism

    • appealing to spirit of superiority

    • Perpetuated the racist ideas of the day

http://wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_2/kipling.html


Cecil rhodes
Cecil Rhodes mentality?

  • English business man & politician with interests in Africa

    • Obsessed with power and personal achievement

    • Cared little for rights of blacks in Africa

  • Founder of De Beers Diamond Co. – controls 90% of the diamond industry, now only 40%


Cecil rhodes1
Cecil Rhodes mentality?

  • influential in pushing into Boer lands

  • Boer War–> British win

  • Goal was to connect “Cape Town to Cairo”


King leopold ii of belgium
King Leopold II of Belgium mentality?

  • Used Henry Stanley to lay claim to Congo

  • Founder and sole owner

  • Forced labor and brutality on the natives

  • 5-25 million killed

  • Amassed a huge personal fortune-lease land 50% profit



Ethiopia
Ethiopia demands for the Belgians

  • Only one of two countries to retain their independence (Liberia)

  • acquired European weapons & training


Emperor of ethiopia
Emperor of demands for the BelgiansEthiopia

  • Menelik II

  • profits from ivory sales to buy modern weapons

  • Hired European advisers to teach his soldiers

  • a stunning victory over Italy


Africa imperialism

  • I have no intention at all of being an indifferent spectator, if the distant Powers hold the idea of dividing up Africa, Ethiopia having been for the past fourteen centuries, an island of Christianity in a sea of pagans...

    Menelik II, in a letter to Queen Victoria

  • Adopted Christianity officially in 4th Century

  • 60% Christian (2009 CIA)

  • "Ethiopia has need of no one, she stretches her hand unto God."


Dr livingstone i presume
“Dr. Livingstone I presume?” spectator, if the distant Powers hold the idea of dividing up Africa, Ethiopia having been for the past fourteen centuries, an island of Christianity in a sea of pagans...

  • Committed Missionary

    • End Slavery

    • Source of the Nile

  • Disappeared for 6 years

  • Henry Stanley

    • Ordered to find him

  • 8 months later in 1871 first words were…