Northwest Ordinance And Shays Rebellion From Mr. Berlin at mrberlin.com
Objective: To examine the settlement of the Northwest Territory and the importance of Shays’ Rebellion.
Land Ordinance of 1785 6 miles • Congress surveyed the land into squares 6 miles on each side. (townships)
Land Ordinance of 1785 • Each town was divided into 36 smaller sections, 640 acres each. (the cost was a minimum of $1 per acre) Berlinville
Land Ordinance of 1785 • People pooled(combined) their money in order to be able to afford a piece of land. $640 per section
Theoretical township diagram showing method of numbering sections with adjoining sections.
Township Map Sargent County, North Dakota
Northwest Ordinance (1787) • When 5,000 free males of voting age settled an area, it became self-governing. • When the population reached 60,000 free citizens, the area could apply for statehood. Ex.) OH, IN, IL, MI, WI • Slavery was outlawed.
Shays’ Rebellion • Farmer’s income decreased while taxes increased. • Farmers who could not pay their debts had their farms taken away by the courts. Massachusetts farmer Daniel Shays and his supporters occupy a Massachusetts courthouse.
• Therefore, in 1786, Daniel Shays led a group of farmers in an attempt to capture a federal arsenal. Men Fighting During Shays' Rebellion
• The U.S., without an organized army, was powerless. Massachusetts sent a militia to stop the rebellion.
• Shays’ Rebellion convinced many people that the U.S. needed a new, stronger government. • The Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced!