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I) The “War” in Vietnam PowerPoint Presentation
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I) The “War” in Vietnam

I) The “War” in Vietnam

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I) The “War” in Vietnam

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  1. I) The “War” in Vietnam

  2. A) A Divided Country

  3. A) A Divided Country • 1. The Vietnamese were trying to free themselves

  4. A) A Divided Country • 1. The Vietnamese were trying to free themselves • a. From French Colonial Rule (WWI)

  5. A) A Divided Country • 1. The Vietnamese were trying to free themselves • a. From French Colonial Rule (WWI) • 2. Ho Chi Minh asked the U.S. for help

  6. A) A Divided Country • 1. The Vietnamese were trying to free themselves • a. From French Colonial Rule (WWI) • 2. Ho Chi Minh asked the U.S. for help • a. problem: US and France are allies

  7. A) A Divided Country • 1. The Vietnamese were trying to free themselves • a. From French Colonial Rule (WWI) • 2. Ho Chi Minh asked the U.S. for help • a. problem: US and France are allies • b. Minh had communist allies

  8. A) A Divided Country • 3. US aided France, but France gave up in 1954

  9. A) A Divided Country • 3. US aided France, but they gave up in 1954 • a. Vietnam was divided in half

  10. A) A Divided Country • 3. US aided France, but they gave up in 1954 • a. Vietnam was divided in half • b. b. Communist to North, pro-Western gov’t to South

  11. A) A Divided Country • 4. Minh wanted to take over the South and sent the Viet Cong to collapse the Southern gov’t

  12. B) Domino Theory • 1. President Eisenhower compared Viet Nam to dominos

  13. B) Domino Theory • 1. President Eisenhower compared Viet Nam to dominos • a. if Viet Nam fell to communism, then other countries would follow

  14. B) Domino Theory • 1. President Eisenhower compared Viet Nam to dominos • a. if Viet Nam fell to communism, then other countries would follow • 2. This led to a US interest in helping South Viet Nam

  15. B) Domino Theory • 1. President Eisenhower compared Viet Nam to dominos • a. if Viet Nam fell to communism, then other countries would follow • 2. This led to a US interest in helping South Viet Nam • a. By the end of 1962, Pres. Kennedy had committed 12,000 troops to help as “advisors”

  16. C) “War” • 1. On 8/2/1964, a US naval ship was fired upon in the Gulf of Tonkin (conspiracy)

  17. C) “War” • 1. On 8/2/1964, a US naval ship was fired upon in the Gulf of Tonkin (conspiracy) • a. Pres LBJ asked for and received a resolution that allowed him to enlarge the American role

  18. C) “War” • 1. On 8/2/1964, a US naval ship was fired upon in the Gulf of Tonkin (conspiracy) • a. Pres LBJ asked for and received a resolution that allowed him to enlarge the American role • b. by 1965, over 500,000 troops were in Vietnam

  19. D) Different kind of War • 1. Couldn’t identify the enemy (no uniforms)

  20. D) Different kind of War • 1. Couldn’t identify the enemy (no uniforms) • a. Fighting defensive war, we were not expanding into the North

  21. D) Different kind of War • 1. Couldn’t identify the enemy (no uniforms) • a. Fighting defensive war, we were not expanding into the North • 2. TV coverage brought the reality of war to the American people

  22. D) Different kind of War • 1. Couldn’t identify the enemy (no uniforms) • a. Fighting defensive war, we were not expanding into the North • 2. TV coverage brought the reality of war to the American people • a. this led to massive protests to end the war “doves”

  23. D) Different kind of War • 2. TV coverage brought the reality of war to the American people • a. this led to massive protests to end the war “doves” • b. “hawks” called for war to protect democracy, and were confident of victory

  24. E) The Tet Offensive • 1. On 1/30/1968 (Tet, Vietnamese New Year) 84,000 Viet Cong and NVA attacked South Vietnam

  25. E) The Tet Offensive • 1. On 1/30/1968 (Tet, Vietnamese New Year) 84,000 Viet Cong and NVA attacked South Vietnam • a. this came as a complete surprise (usually had cease fire on this day)

  26. E) The Tet Offensive • 1. On 1/30/1968 (Tet, Vietnamese New Year) 84,000 Viet Cong and NVA attacked South Vietnam • a. this came as a complete surprise (usually had cease fire on this day) • b. soured American opinion of victory

  27. E) The Tet Offensive • 1. On 1/30/1968 (Tet, Vietnamese New Year) 84,000 Viet Cong and NVA attacked South Vietnam • a. this came as a complete surprise (usually had cease fire on this day) • b. soured American opinion of victory • c. dropped LBJ’s approval rating so low, he chose not run for president again

  28. D) Nixon • 1. Richard Nixon wins the 1968 pres election

  29. D) Nixon • 1. Richard Nixon wins the 1968 pres election • a. promises “peace with honor”

  30. D) Nixon • 1. Richard Nixon wins the 1968 pres election • a. promises “peace with honor” • b. Vietnamization- build up and equip South Vietnam to carry on the struggle alone

  31. D) Nixon • 1. Richard Nixon wins the 1968 pres election • a. promises “peace with honor” • b. Vietnamization- build up and equip South Vietnam to carry on the struggle alone • c. as troop #’s decreased, Nixon increased bombings

  32. D) Nixon • 1. Richard Nixon wins the 1968 pres election • a. promises “peace with honor” • b. Vietnamization- build up and equip South Vietnam to carry on the struggle alone • c. as troop #’s decreased, Nixon increased bombings • d. nothing weakened the will of the communists

  33. E) End of the war • 1. At the end of 1972, the US halted air attacks

  34. E) End of the war • 1. At the end of 1972, the US halted air attacks • a. declared that progress had been made in peace talks and the US began removal

  35. E) End of the war • 1. At the end of 1972, the US halted air attacks • a. declared that progress had been made in peace talks and the US began removal • b. by the end of March of 1973, the US left Vietnam

  36. E) End of the war • 1. At the end of 1972, the US halted air attacks • a. declared that progress had been made in peace talks and the US began removal • b. by the end of March of 1973, the US left Vietnam • c. In April of 1975, South Vietnam was overtaken by the communists

  37. F) Costs of War • 1. 58,000 American Lives, 2 million Vietnamese lives

  38. F) Costs of War • 1. 58,000 American Lives, 2 million Vietnamese lives • a. many Americans now had a strong distrust of their government

  39. F) Costs of War • 1. 58,000 American Lives, 2 million Vietnamese lives • a. many Americans now had a strong distrust of their government • b. our perception of invincibility was gone, and it looked like a victory for communism