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Monday, March 14 PowerPoint Presentation
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Monday, March 14

Monday, March 14

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Monday, March 14

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  1. Monday, March 14 • Turn in hard copy of Hamlet Essay • Hamlet Essay due on Turnitin.com by midnight • Field Trip tomorrow • Homework due Wednesday: • DBQ • Read Book 4, pages 134-138 • Read “Voltaire & Candide” Book 4, pages 121-130 • Bring Book 4 to class on Wednesday

  2. Japan Earthquake and Tsunami 2011 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z4jaTPP7vP0&feature=related • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VrzJJ_6brMs&feature=related

  3. Voltaire 1697-1778 • François-Marie Arouet • Famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade. • Exiled from France, lived in Great Britain for 3 years • Criticized organized religion • Self-proclaimed Deist

  4. Historical Influences • Seven Year’s War • 1755 Lisbon Earthquake • “The best of all possible worlds”

  5. Candide 1758 • French satirical novel • Published Candide simultaneously in five countries • Sarcastic tone • Fast moving plot • Character of Candide • “candid” “frank” • Adheres to Dr. Pangloss’ teachings of glib optimism • Dr. Pangloss • “all tongue”

  6. Rhetorical Tools in Candideused to Support Satirical Argument • Irony • the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning: the irony of her reply, “How nice!” when I said I had to work all weekend. • Overstatement • Use of exaggerated terms for emphasis or effect. Example : His eloquence could split rocks • Reference to something with a name disproportionately greater than its nature. Example: The wound given to my client... (when referring to a scratch) • Understatement • It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain. —J.D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye • The scratch my client gave to the plaintiff... (when referring to a sizeable wound)

  7. While reading Candide… • Find two examples of Candide being frank. • Find two examples of Pangloss being “all tongue”. • Find examples of irony, overstatement, and understatement. • What attitudes, beliefs, and institutions is Voltaire attacking?