Monday, March 9th Please listen and pay attention to your sub. If you don’t I will implement consequences when I return.
New Vocabulary Words • Amnesty Flout Straitlaced • Autonomy Fractious Transient • Axiomatic Precept Unwieldy • Blazon Salutary Vapid • Caveat Scathing • Equitable Scourge • Extricate Sepulchral • Filch Soporific
Warm-Up Journal #3 • Write down a short summary of both-“Civil Disobedience” and “Walden”- • Who wrote both of these works? • What are 2 of the main tenant of Transcendentalism- and how were these works a part of this movement? • Write in a full paragraph- (no bullet points!)
Announcements • 1) Outline- • 2)
In your notes answer the following Q’s on American Gothic &“Brooding Romantics”Read pg. 312 (1st three paragraphs only!) • Why are Poe and the other “brooding Romantics” considered to be “anti-transcendentalist”? • What were Poe and the other brooding Romantics haunted by? • What are the gothic elements that Poe used? • Compare the brooding Romantics’ perception of imagination to the transcendentalists’ perception of it?
After Transcendentalism…and Nature… Came…. • Anti-Transcendentalism or Gothic • A pessimistic offshoot of Romanticism
Gothic Literature • 1. Time period: mid 1800s to late 1800s. • 2. Known as the Dark Side of Individualism. • 3. The focus on the imagination in Romanticism led to a focus on the demonic, the fantastic and the insane for the Gothic. • 4. Gothic writers took a pessimistic view of humans and saw the potential for evil in all people. • 5. ‘Essential truths’ about life were found in extreme situations or the darker side of human nature (greed, betrayal, fear, etc.).
Gothic Literature • “Gothic“is a style, tone, or genre in western literature that is characterized by various names, images, or elements: • Haunted houses • Closed doors & secret passages • Light and dark interplay with shades of gray or blood-red colors • Repressed fears & desires; memory of past crime or sin • Death & decayByronic heroes • Blood as visual spectacle and genealogy / ethnicity spectral or grotesque figures • creepy or startling sounds, screams in the night, groans from unknown rooms
More characteristics • Presence of ghosts, spirits, vampires, and other supernatural entities • Mysterious disappearances and reappearances • Supernatural or paranormal occurrences • Characters with “aberrant psychological states” http://www.penelopesweb.com/gargoyles.html
Characteristics -- cont’d. • Religion, usually Christianity or at least spirituality, is confronted. • A gothic “double” is used in which a character who seems to be good is linked with another who is evil • Blood, pain, death www.pagedepot.com/.../ GOTHIC%20CHAPBOOKSX.HTM
American Gothic • Important from the mid-18th Century on • Related to “Romantic Period” • Criticizes “national myth of new-world innocence by voicing the cultural contradictions that undermine the nation’s claim to purity and equality” - Teresa A. Goddu • Tells of historical horrors that make national identity http://photos1.blogger.com/img/154/1420/1024/american%20gothic.jpg
Famous Gothic writers Edgar Allan Poe Washington Irving Nathaniel Hawthorne
Edgar Allan Poe • His stories have: • Settings that featuring • Dark, medieval castles • Decaying ancient estates • Characters that are • Male—insane • Female—beautiful and dead (or dying) • Plots that include • Murder • Live burials • Physical and mental torture • Retribution from beyond the grave For Poe, it was only in these extreme situations that people revealed their true nature.
Nathanial Hawthorne • He also used Gothic elements in his work to express what he felt were essential truths • Instead of looking at the mind for its dysfunction, Hawthorne examined the human heart under conditions of fear, vanity, mistrust, and betrayal.
Southern Gothic • After the real horrors of the Civil War, the Gothic tradition lost its popularity. • During the 20th century, it made a comeback in the American South. • Authors like William Faulkner, Carson McCullers, Truman Capote, and Flannery O’Connor are grouped together because of the gloom and pessimism of their fiction.
Gothic vs. Romanticism Romantic writers celebrated the beauties of nature. Gothic writers were peering into the darkness at the supernatural. For some Romantic writers, the imagination led to the unknown—the shadowy region where the fantastic, the demonic and the insane reside. When the Gothic's saw the individual, they saw the potential of evil. • Romanticism developed as a reaction against the rationalism of the Age of Reason. • The romantics freed the imagination from the hold of reason, so they could follow their imagination wherever it might lead. • For some Romantics, when they looked at the individual, they saw hope (think “A Psalm of Life”).
American Gothic &“Brooding Romantics”Read pg. 312 (1st three paragraphs only!) • Why are Poe and the other “brooding Romantics” considered to be “anti-transcendentalist”? • What were Poe and the other brooding Romantics haunted by? • What are the gothic elements that Poe used? • Compare the brooding Romantics’ perception of imagination to the transcendentalists’ perception of it?
Edgar Allan Poe During a life marked by pain and loss, Edgar Allan Poe wrote HAUNTING TALES in which he explored the dark side of the human mind. A well-read man with a taste for literature, Poe was cursed with a morbidly sensitive nature and made his feelings of sadness and depression the basis of a distinctive body of literary work
The Plague! • The Black Death. What do you know? • It was a pandemic (a disease that killed everyone indiscriminately). • In the years 1348-1350, estimated 75 to 300 million people killed in Europe. • Spread by fleas on rats. • They thought it was caused by cats and killed the cats . . .
Black Death • Thought that it was caused by bad smells. • Shut themselves in to avoid it. • Poe’s “red death” is fictitious, but based on historical as well as personal fact. • Poe’s wife had tuberculosis at the time, and it’s assumed he based the symptoms of “red death” on TB. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=grbSQ6O6kbs
A masque • Or masquerade. • Fancy dress ball where people wear masks.
“Red Masque” p. 446 • OPEN your books and read along to this reading of the “Red Masque”. • Answer the questions on your work sheet. • There will be a formal quiz over this reading tomorrow. • Youtube reading link (copy and paste into google chrome): • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4iqBU3X4Ro • Reading is roughly 20 minutes
“COLD MOUNTAIN” GROUPS • Group 1- W pg.380 Group 4 - CD (390) Group 7-CD (390)*Grant *Maggie B. *Taylor B.Garrett Peyton D. Neha K.Maggie R. Kevin M. McKenna P.Nick Sydney T. • Group 2- W (focus on Fig. Lang.) Group 5 CD (390)*Eli A. *Matt BradyMatt D. Catie H.Elana Kathleen P.Jade Woody W. • Group 3- W (384-387) Group 6- CD (393-396)*Laura B. *Lucius B.Will D. Jamaal J. Alex M. Taylor P.Patrick W. Alicia W.
In Your Groups • Discuss- • How could this story be an allegory? • What aspects of Gothic literature do you see in this story? • What is the significance of the different colors of each room? • What do you think this story tells us about Edgar Allan Poe? • What is the main theme?
Closure- Unit 2 Test Review • Using your handout, take notes on the intro to Unit 2 • This will serve as a great study guide for Thursday’s test! • Work on this silently and on your own!
Character Map for “Cold Mountain” • Choose a character that you have encountered so far and create the below character map for them! Character: _________________ Character Trait:______________ Draw a main event that has occurred for this character so far (use stick figures or make a comic?!): Write a 2 sentence prediction for this character:
Closing • Read “Cold Mountain” for 10 minutes SILENTLY
Timing • 3rd Block • 11:05-11:15 Warm-Up • 11:15-35 Note Taking reading • ***I’ll be back by 11:30*** • 11:35-40 they should review their gothic notes that they printed for homework • 11:40-12 Mask of Red Death reading/ listening • 12-10 Finish study guide questions from reading • 12:10-20 Character Map for “Cold Mountain” • 12:20-30 Silent reading/ write essay if they forgot their book • Dismiss • 1st Block • 7:25-7:35 Warm-Up • 7:35-55 Note Taking reading • 7:55-8 they should review their gothic notes that they printed for homework • 8-8:20 Mask of Red Death reading/ listening • 8:20-30 Finish study guide questions from reading • 8:30-40 Character Map for “Cold Mountain” • 8:40-50 Silent reading/ write essay if they forgot their book • Dismiss