The legend of the Bermuda Triangle is said to have begun when five Navy planes took off from their base in Florida December 5, 1945 on a routine training mission known as Flight 19 – neither the planes nor the crew were ever seen again. Long before the legend of the Bermuda Triangle became popular, Bermuda had already earned a reputation as an enchanted island. It was nicknamed “The Devil's Islands” by early sea travelers, frightened by the calls of cahow birds and the squeals of wild pigs that could be heard on shore. But perhaps the most damning tales were told by sailors terrified of shipwreck on Bermuda's treacherous stretch of reefs.
The imaginary area referred to as the Bermuda Triangle covers about 500,000 square miles of ocean off the southeastern tip of Florida; an area roughly bounded by Miami, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico. This region didn't get its name until August 1964 when Vincent Gaddis coined the term Bermuda Triangle in a cover story for Argosy magazine about the disappearance of Flight 19. Unusual features of the area had been noted since Christopher Columbus sailed through the area on his first voyage to the New World, in which he reported a great flame of fire (probably a meteor) crashed into the sea one night and that a strange light appeared in the distance a few weeks later.
He also wrote about inconsistent compass readings, which later believed as natural phenomena happens in places where True North (geodetics’ north pointing to the North Pole’s geographic location) and Magnetic North (well-known as Compass North) lined up – the two north are in fact have different scientific implications . In the past 500 years at least 50 ships and 20 aircraft have reportedly vanished in the Triangle, most without a trace – no wreckage, no bodies, nothing. There have also been so many theories trying to explain the legend, including one suggesting that the lost city of Atlantis may lie at the bottom of the sea and be using its reputed crystal energies to sink ships and planes.
“Although in the past this compass variation did affect the Bermuda Triangle, due to fluctuations in the Earth's magnetic field this has apparently not been the case since the nineteenth century,” he concludes. Fact or fiction, the Bermuda Triangle has already been accepted as a part of widespread lore that won't disappear anytime soon. There are still many travelers saying the Triangle isn't the only thing that makes The Islands of Bermuda seem magical.
Located in the Atlantic Ocean, the Bermuda Triangle falls between Bermuda, Puerto Rico and Florida • The Bermuda Triangle has long been believed to be the site where a number of mysterious plane and boat incidents have occurred • While it has become part of popular culture to link the Bermuda Triangle to paranormal activity, most investigations indicate bad weather and human error are the more likely culprits.
Research has suggested that many original reports of strange incidents in the Bermuda Triangle were exaggerated and that the actual number of incidents in the area is similar to that of other parts of the ocean. • While its reputation may scare some people, the Bermuda Triangle is actually part of a regularly sailed shipping lane with cruise ships and other boats also frequently sailing through the area.
Aircraft are also common in the Bermuda Triangle with both private and commercial planes commonly flying through the air space. • Stories of unexplained disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle started to reach public awareness around 1950 and have been consistently reported since then. • Unverified supernatural explanations for Bermuda Triangle incidents have included references to UFO’s and even the mythical lost continent of Atlantis.
Other explanations have included magnetic anomalies, pirates, deliberate sinkings, hurricanes, gas deposits, rough weather, huge waves and human error. • Some famous reported incidents involving the Bermuda Triangle include: • The USS Cyclops and its crew of 309 that went missing after leaving Barbados in 1918. • The TBM Avenger bombers that went missing in 1945 during a training flight over the Atlantic.
A Douglas DC-3 aircraft containing 32 people that went missing in 1958, no trace of the aircraft was ever found. • A yacht was found in 1955 that had survived three hurricanes but was missing all its crew.
For decades, the Atlantic Ocean’s fabled Bermuda Triangle has captured the human imagination with unexplained disappearances of ships, planes, and people. Some speculate that unknown and mysterious forces account for the unexplained disappearances, such as extraterrestrials capturing humans for study; the influence of the lost continent of Atlantis; vortices that suck objects into other dimensions; and other whimsical ideas. Some explanations are more grounded in science, if not in evidence. These include oceanic flatulence (methane gas erupting from ocean sediments) and disruptions in geomagnetic lines of flux.
Environmental considerations could explain many, if not most, of the disappearances. The majority of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes pass through the Bermuda Triangle, and in the days prior to improved weather forecasting, these dangerous storms claimed many ships. Also, the Gulf Stream can cause rapid, sometimes violent, changes in weather. Additionally, the large number of islands in the Caribbean Sea creates many areas of shallow water that can be treacherous to ship navigation. And there is some evidence to suggest that the Bermuda Triangle is a place where a “magnetic” compass sometimes points towards “true” north, as opposed to “magnetic” north.
The U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard contend that there are no supernatural explanations for disasters at sea. Their experience suggests that the combined forces of nature and human fallibility outdo even the most incredulous science fiction. They add that no official maps exist that delineate the boundaries of the Bermuda Triangle. The U. S. Board of Geographic Names does not recognize the Bermuda Triangle as an official name and does not maintain an official file on the area. The ocean has always been a mysterious place to humans, and when foul weather or poor navigation is involved, it can be a very deadly place. This is true all over the world.
There is no evidence that mysterious disappearances occur with any greater frequency in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other large, well-traveled area of the ocean.
BY:- ADITHYA RAJ U IX