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PAPER 2 WORKSHOP. TARGET: Increase confidence in paper 2 skills and knowledge We will look at: Source skills - activity: How useful Political impact on Scotland Economic impact on Scotland Activity : Source interpretation practice. Skills . Comparison How useful How far How fully

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paper 2 workshop


TARGET: Increase confidence in paper 2 skills and knowledge

We will look at:

Source skills - activity: How useful

Political impact on Scotland

Economic impact on Scotland

Activity : Source interpretation practice

  • Comparison
  • How useful
  • How far
  • How fully


1 hour 25 mins so:

25 mins for 10 markers

15 mins for 5 markers,

5 mins to go back over your answers.

remember remember
  • EXPLAIN every point you make
  • Separate every point in its own paragraph
  • Count your points as you make them
  • Give as much detail as you possibly can – the more you give, the greater chance you will have of getting a higher grade.
task 1
  • In pairs, looking at a candidate’s answer for how useful :
    • 1. What do you think they got?
    • 2. What have they done wrong/right?
who s who in scottish politics

Who’s Who in Scottish Politics

Leading figures who may appear in the sources

willie gallacher
Willie Gallacher
  • Leader of the Clyde Worker’s Committee
  • Imprisoned for sedition in 1916 (Red Clydeside) and again in 1919
john maclean
John MacLean
  • Anti-war and anti-conscription campaigner
  • Devotee of revolutionary Marxism
  • Arrested for sedition
manny shinwell
Manny Shinwell
  • Leader of Clyde Worker’s Committee involved in 40 hour strike 1919
  • Later became ILP MP
david kirkwood
David Kirkwood
  • Leader of Clyde Worker’s Committee
  • Openly resisted the Munitions Act which resulted in his extradition to…Edinburgh!
  • Arrested for ‘incitement to riot’ on ‘Bloody Friday’ 1919.
  • Not as radical as Maclean
james maxton
James Maxton
  • Leader of the ILP, Pacifist and critic of conscription and Britain’s involvement in WWI.
  • Labour candidate in 1922, won Bridgeton seat
  • Not as radical as MacLean
john wheatley
John Wheatley
  • Labour MP
  • Opposed the war
  • Set up the Union for Democratic Control that campaigned for peace
  • 1915 he took a leading role in the rent strikes (WC housing was his main issue throughout his political career)
  • 1916 he campaigned against conscription
patrick dollan
Patrick Dollan
  • Prominent member of the ILP
  • Wrote for Forward (ILP newspaper)
mary barbour
Mary Barbour
  • Came to the fore in the 1915 rent strikes in organising resistance to evictions.
  • Member of the ILP and later became Glasgow Council’s first female councillor.
helen crawford
Helen Crawford
  • WSPU member
  • ILP member
  • Organised campaign to oppose British involvement in war called the Women’s Peace Crusade
  • Communist party links
agnes dollan
Agnes Dollan
  • Leader of the Glasgow Rent strikes
  • ILP member and WSPU member
  • Later Labour candidate
  • Campaigner of the Woman’s Labour League to support the equality in employment and wages of women
the political landscape after the war
  • ILP and Labour grow
  • Politicisation of working class due to demands to expand the franchise, socialist teaching by radicals PLUS strict government controls of DORA which prevents strike action and RESULTS in a disenchanted workforce who work long hours without adequate pay rises. Majority turn to the LABOUR party who want CHANGE. While others turn to the ‘law & order’ of the Conservatives to RESTORE the country to pre-war ideals.
  • Liberals do not recover from the split, popularity declines – uncertainty.
  • Support for Scottish Home Rule wanes as discarded in 1914. Full Irish home rule is granted in 1922 – in a spirit of unity and togetherness, Scottish Home Rule is dropped on outbreak of war and becomes a quiet minority post-war.
  • 1928 the Scottish National Party was formed and the issue is re-ignited






evidenced in scottish votes in the elections
Evidenced in Scottish votes in the elections;
  • 1918, 30% of vote = Conservatives
  • 1922 40 out of 43 Labour candidates were also members of the ILP
  • 1922 Labour won 10/15 Glasgow constituency seats
  • 1924 Conservatives won 38 Scottish seats (compared to Labour’s 26)
  • 1924 Labour minority government – although short lived (led by Scot Ramsay McDonald)
  • 1920s overall saw the ILP peak in popularity, 1/3 of all British members were in fact Scottish (300/1000 branches located in Scotland)


red clydeside growth of radicalism

=Phase between 1915-16 of strikes and demonstrations

=Includes the Rent Strikes, Dilution, George Square riots, 40 hour week protest, various company strikes. ‘Tuppence an hour’ engineer strike


  • 100,000 gather to support 40 hour working week
  • Govt. overreacts and sends 12,000 soldiers and 6 tanks sent to settle disturbances between police and protestors.
scotland s economy is historically based on
Scotland’s economy is historically based on:
  • HEAVY industry = steel, coal, shipbuilding, railways, rubber, engineering locomotives
  • OTHER: Fishing industry – herring which is exported to European markets, textiles mainly centralised in Dundee, wool industry, agriculture

HOWEVER, WWI impact results in dramatic change:

clydeside boom
Clydeside BOOM!
  • Ship ORDERS of £16million
  • DIVERSIFICATION of industry as ship yards also turn to making aircraft components, tanks and artillery.(Beardmore, Brown, Fairfields)
  • 24,000 full time EMPLOYMENT
  • 90% of armour plating comes from Glasgow
  • Increased PROFITS – 481 warships built on the Clyde during the 4 years of war
fishing agriculture
  • Navy took over inshore areas of Firth of Forth
  • Lost Russian and German markets – demand declined
  • Employment decreased due to voluntarism and conscription
  • North sea closed to fishing
  • Fish price rose and eventually rationed
  • Sheep farming boom – government bought wool stocks
women economy
  • Women temporarily stepped into the jobs of men
  • Munitions eg Gretna employed 9000 women
  • On average, paid 45% less than men in the Jute industry (which is why these industries profited so much!)
  • Else Inglis – field hospitals
  • Worked in tram and rail industries, engineering through dilution – areas where women would normally never be seen
  • Representation of the People Act - vote
  • Politicised by war through work and rent strikes
  • First rent strike, May 1915, 25,000 joined by the end of the year.
the economic landscape after the war
  • Temporary boost to shipbuilding to repair and build ships to replace those damaged by merchant navy
  • Foreign competition ruined textiles industry along with Trade Union disputes and lack of investment
  • Demand for coal and steel declined
  • Herring industry never recovered to pre-war levels
  • Coal – falling orders
  • Locomotives were amalgamated and production moved south
  • Decline in agriculture due to loss of workers and emigration – Land raids caused problems








task 2
Task 2
  • In groups, you will be given two sources.
  • In the 10 marker – identify the source points, add recall points (as many as you can think of)
  • In the how useful – identify the OPCR