LEADERSHIP GROUP MEMBERS : TAN KAI XUAN NOORFATIMA BINTI CHE AZMI LAI JYE SING SUZALINA BINTI SUKRI YEO SUE HWEE NADILA BINTI ABD KAHAR
Abstract or Synopsis In this presentation, we will let you know about the characteristic of effective leaders and how to determine leadership style.
Leader Emergence • Definition : the idea that people become leaders possess traits or characteristics different from people who do not become a leader. • Motivation to lead has 3 aspects • Affective identity • Noncalculative • Social-normative
Leader Performance • Definition : the idea that leader who perform well possess certain characteristics that poorly performing leaders do not. • Research on the relationship between personal characteristics and the leader performance : • Traits • Needs • Orientation
Traits • The concept of self-monitoring is especially interesting, as it focuses on what leaders do as opposed to what they are. • Leadership excellence is a function of the right person being in the right place at the right time.
Needs • A personal characteristics that has received some support pertains to a leader’s • Need for power • Need for achievement • Need for affiliation • Those 3 things can be measured through various psychological tests. • Thematic Apperception Teat (TAT) • Job Choice Exercise (JCE)
Orientation Orientation: • Person-oriented leaders • Task-oriented leaders Person oriented leaders- such as country club leaders, theory Y leaders, and leaders high in consideration act in a warm and supportive manner and show concern for their subordinates.
Task oriented leaders such as task-centered leaders, Theory X leaders and leaders high in initiating structure define and structure their own roles and those of their subordinates to attain the group’s formal goals.
A leader’s task or person orientation can be measured by several instruments which are: • Leadership opinion questionnaire (LOQ) • Leadership questionnaire (LBDQ)
Unsuccessful leaders • The traits and behaviors of unsuccessful are not necessarily the opposite of those successful leaders. • Characteristic of unsuccessful leaders: • Lack of training • Cognitive deficiencies • personality
Charismatic Style • Involves vision, inspiration, integrity, and a performance orientation. • Leaders are viewed as having supernatural powers and abilities. • A charismatic leader is someone who sways followers with a dynamic, magnetic personality, usually through inspiring speeches. • They are very persuasive and make very effective use of body language as well as verbal language.
Self-protective Style • Involves following procedure. Emphasizing status differences, being self-centered, and saving face. • It is associated statistically with five primary leadership dimensions: “self-centered,” “status conscious,” “conflict-inducer,” “face-saver,” and “procedural.” • Added is the fact that, in some societies, leaders may need to protect themselves from acts of criticism and corruption.
Humane Style • Involves being modest and helping others. • This dimension “reflects supportive and considerate leadership, but also includes compassion and generosity.”
Team-oriented Style • Involve collaborative, building teams, and being diplomatic • demonstrates the effective working toward a common goal among members of a work group or team.
Participative Style • Involves getting the opinions and help of others. • Non-autocratic and participated • suggests the degree to which mangers involve others in making and implementing decisions in an organization.
Autonomous Style • Involves being independent and individualistic and making one’s own decisions. • Being able to function alone without management intervention. Being autonomous can be good for a team, but can also lead to many problems if not carefully handled.
Reference • http://www.toolingu.com/definition-950160-54654-autonomous.html • http://EzineArticles.com/3314457 • http://books.google.com.my/books?id=7kVT1gE4rQwC&pg=PA15&lpg=PA15&dq=self-protective+leadership+style&source=bl&ots=u6Ec3y67On&sig=5zNl08rAqTluQbtO9zRwNUV-JN0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=FSepT5_YBo2zrAeh5rX5BQ&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=self-protective%20leadership%20style&f=false
4) http://www.leadershiptips.org/charismatic-leadership-style/ 5) Aamodt, Michael G. 2007. Leadership. Industrial/Organizational Psychology : An Applied Approach ( Sixth Edition ). USA : Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2007.