Mobile Technologyfor Access & Participation ARIN IU 28 Jayna Greenfield Training and Consultation Team Assistive Technology January 23, 2013
Our Agenda • Ice Breaker • KWL Activity • Realize Where We’ve Come From • Recognize Various Mobile Technologies • Define Assistive Technology, and Discuss Feature Matching • Examine the hardware and “software” of the iPad • Look at some great “apps” for access & participation • Discover Implementation Strategies • Identify Various Funding Sources for Acquisition • Questions & Time to Play…throughout the day!
To Share Ideas, Comments, & Questions….. http://todaysmeet.com/mobiletech1-23-13 It will be available online until Monday, 1-28-13.
First things first!Our rule of the day is…. Viewing students through the lens of a disability label may increase the likelihood of misjudging capabilities and barring some students from opportunities to learn what other students their age are learning. (Jorgensen, McSheehan & Sonnenmeier, 2007) Presume Competence
Second rule of the day… • Please resist the urge to “play,” until you see this visual cue on the slides: PRACTICE
KWL • Know • Want to Know • Learn
The world is changing. Are we?
The Mobile Revolution in Education is Here…and Offers: • Portability- built-in WiFi • Versatility • Ease of use • Budget friendly solutions • More flexible approach to learning • More motivation • Greater understanding of content • Accessibility for students with learning differences • Greater acceptance for students with disabilities
Where we’ve come from…. 1993 2013 • Maps • AAA • Ask people for directions • Phone calls • “Bag Phones” & huge portable phones • Meet in person • Send letters • Look up answers in an encyclopedia. Go to a library. (Internet was just beginning.) • Novels- paperback, hardback • Desktop computers • GPS • MapQuest, TripAdvisor, etc. • Email or text directions • Text • iPhones, smart phones • Videoconference, webinars, Skype, FaceTime • Email • Google it!! • Ebooks- Kindle, Nook • Laptops, netbooks, iPads
In Early Learning THEN NOW
In Word Processing THEN NOW
In Managing Behavior/Scheduling THEN NOW
What is Assistive Technology (AT)? As defined by IDEA 2004, AT refers to “any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability.” Includes a broad range of items, but does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted.
Instructional Technology versus Assistive Technology Instructional/ Educational Assistive • Systems Oriented • Class Wide/ School Wide • Intended for Any/All Students • Supports Learning of Curriculum • Student Oriented- for those who have a disability • Student Specific- Based on “Feature Matching” • Supports Access, Participation, and Meeting IEP Goals
WHO can benefit from AT? For any student with a disability, AT is any tool or device that the student uses to complete tasks more easily, faster, or in a better way. Any student who needs to have: ACCESS to the general curriculum More effective and meaningful participation in class Progress towards IEP goals Use “Feature Matching,” looking at the features of a device and matching them to the students strengths and needs.
Video: “Living the Smart Life”From Ablelink Technologies Make a list of the uses for mobile technology in this video!
AT Considerations Include: A BROAD range of students! A BROAD range of needs! We need to think outside the box!
To meaningfully participate in the general curriculum To participate in functional or academic activities To access print materials To access auditory information For written communication For augmentative/alternative communication (AAC) To participate in state and local assessments. WHY would a student need AT? How can mobile technology be used to meet these needs?
WHEN should AT be considered? While not every student will need AT, all IEP teams must consider the need for AT for each student. “Special Considerations” page of IEP
WHERE should it be documented in the IEP? • Special Considerations- box checked • Present Levels • Specially Designed Instruction • Supports for School Personnel • Participate in State & Local Assessments • Transition Services • Annual Goals (Be careful the goal is not AT!) • If possible, don’t name the specific device!
WHO is responsible for providing AT? LEA is responsible to provide AT, as written in the IEP State and federal law do not require the LEA purchase AT It’s appropriate for LEA to acquire AT through a student’s insurance, but cannot not require this. If other means of funding is not available, LEA must provide needed AT in a timely manner. When AT is not purchased by the LEA, it is still the LEA’s responsibility for repair, maintenance, and replacement costs of AT specified in the IEP. Remember in FAPE….may not mean the student gets the “Cadillac,” but instead may get the “Chevy.”
What is currently the most popular mobile technology for AT?
Check it out… iPad (With Retina Display) iPad Mini
Some Differences Between iPads and Laptops: iPad Laptop • Touchscreen keyboard • Uses “apps” (applications) • Battery is built-in • Not upgradeable, except for apps. • Need a special app to print, or an Apple printer. • Not able to download anything from the internet…must be from the iTunes Store. • Cannot use a flash drive • Back up to iTunes or iCloud • Physical keyboard • Runs software programs • Battery can be replaced • Can upgrade • Easy to use printer • Can download anything • Can import information with flash drive • Back up with flash drive
Advantages to iPads • Easy to use…pick it up and play! • Multifunctional entertainment device • Lightweight & portable • Tens of thousands of apps! • Some accessibility options and apps for people with disabilities • Cost is good for some uses (ex. Communication device) • Use spans generations and ability levels Any disadvantages?
Current Pricing for 16 GB • iPad Mini- $329 • iPad 2- $399 • iPad with Retina Display- $499 (a.k.a. 4th Generation) *Note: Special Pricing for Education*
iPad Hardware • Weighs 1.33 lbs • 0.34 inches thin • Dual core A5 chip processor …fast! • Instant on …power button & sleep/wake button • Built-in 10 hour battery • 2 built-in cameras • Volume toggle • Built-in microphone and speaker • Mute button • Charging port- USB or power adaptor • Touch screen- use soft cloth to clean
Software…Using Apps • Open… tap it’s icon on the home screen • Scroll through home screen pages by swiping finger • Return to the home screen button by pressing the home button • To see recently viewed apps, double click home button • Force an app to close in that view by holding down on it, and click the “X” • To lock screen position, double click home button and swipe finger from left to right. Hit button icon on left. (Also gives you access to music controls) • Deleting an app… press and hold icon on home screen • Arranging apps…. Press and hold, then move • Organize with folders…drag one icon onto another • Apps do need to be updated…. You’ll be alerted PRACTICE
Typing on the iPad • Any time you need to type, the onscreen keyboard will automatically appear • Can cut, copy, and paste • Notes app…. Allows you to take notes and save them. • Does not have same features as MS Word • Can email them, and then save to your computer PRACTICE
Searching on the iPad • From home screen, swipe to the right • Type in word (s) that you are looking for PRACTICE
Settings • Airplane Mode- turns off Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, GPS and Cellular features • Wi-Fi • Brightness & Wallpaper- (Idea: Take student’s picture and set for wallpaper!) • General • Usage- manage/delete apps • Multitasking Gestures (Use of 4-5 Fingers) • Keyboard- Split Keyboard (type with thumbs) • Accessibility • VoiceOver, Zoom, Large Text, Invert Colors, Speak Selection, Guided Access, Assistive Touch, Triple-click Home • Apps- can change settings here PRACTICE
Neat Tips & Tricks to Know • Hold on the period for options such as (.com, .org, .net, etc.) • Hold the compose button to see your draft emails • Tapping on “status bar” in email or website, will take you instantly to the top of the page. • Double-click home or 4-finger swipe up - for list of most recent apps • Take a screen shot by holding the “home screen” button and the “lock screen button” (at the top) • Use the volume up button for taking pictures (Good for all those self-portraits!) • Slider button on side can be used to lock the screen position, or to mute! (In Settings, General) Can also lock the screen position, by double-clicking the home button, and swiping to the right. PRACTICE
Moving on....... to the Wonderful World of Apps!!!!
Standard Apps • Safari (Internet browser) • Mail • Calendar • Contacts PRACTICE
Other Standard Apps • Videos • Camera • FaceTime • Photo Booth • App Store • Voice Memos • Reminders • Notes • Maps • Calculator PRACTICE
App Store • Featured apps • Genius • Top Charts • Categories • Purchased • Updates • Search for your own- box in upper right corner • Narrow by choosing category, price, or device PRACTICE Need to have internet connection
Here are some categories… • Behavior and Time Management • Learning/ Early Learning • Augmentative/ Alternative Communication (AAC) • Language • Articulation • Math • Reading- skill building and support • Writing- skill building and alternatives • Science • Special Education • Fine motor • Cause/ Effect • Fun!
What is Augmentative / Alternative Communication (AAC)? • Modes of communication such as sign, gesture, picture boards or speech generating devices • Augments or adds to existing speech and/or is an alternativeto speech • AAC is multi-modal and includes all forms of communication
Communicative Competence Communicative competence is being able to meet changing communicative demands and to fulfill communication goals across the lifespan. (Light, 1997)