The End of the Cold War. Chapter 15 Section 5. Inferior Russian Economy. The USSR emerged from WWII as a superpower Soviet Union controlled many E. European satellite countries For many people, the country’s superpower status brought few rewards and no increase in standard of living
History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a basketball, weighed only 183 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path. That launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. While the Sputnik launch was a single event, it marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race.
1. Why was the Soviet economy inferior? (provide examples)
2. What did the Soviet Union launch in 1957?
3. Who were the mujahedin?
4. What country did the Soviet Union invade in Afghanistan
5. Who became the new Soviet leader in 1985?
6. What does glasnost mean?
7. Explain perestroika.
8. What two countries challenged Soviet rule in the 1950s and 1960s? (2 points)
9. What was Solidarity? Who was its leader? (2 points)
10. Who was the Romanian leader who refused to step down from power and who was ultimately executed?
11. What action did President Ronald Reagan demand from Soviet leader Gorbachev?
12. What happened to the Soviet Union by 1991?
13. Into what two countries was Czechoslovakia divided? (2 points)