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Grasslands - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Grasslands. Relatively little moisture. Why is this important? F ound in both temperate and tropical latitudes. Grasslands. 25–100 centimeters of precipitation annually insufficient for vigorous tree growth S oils in some grasslands are deep and fertile. Why?

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  • Relatively little moisture. Why is this important?

  • Found in both temperate and tropical latitudes


  • 25–100 centimeters of precipitation annually

    • insufficient for vigorous tree growth

  • Soils in some grasslands are deep and fertile. Why?

    • as a result, most of these areas have been converted to agriculture


  • Cool, wet Winters

  • Hot, dry Summers

  • Shrubland dominated by drought-resistant plants

  • Poor soil

  • Most species adapted to hot, dry conditions


  • One-third of Earth’s land surface

  • Defined by its lack of precipitation

  • Because desert air lacks moisture:

    • cannot moderate daily temperature fluctuations


  • Desert plants have small leaves and some produce enormously long tap-roots. Why?

  • A majority of the animal species are nocturnal. Why?

Tropical rainforests
Tropical Rainforests

  • Warm temperatures

  • Approximately 12 hours of daylight year-round. Why?

  • Most biodiversity

    • home to almost 50% of Earth’s plant and animal species

  • More than 50% of tropical rainforests have been lost to logging and agriculture

Aquatic biomes1
Aquatic Biomes

  • Aquatic ecosystems cover about 75 percent of Earth’s surface

  • The salt content, water temperature, water depth, and speed of water flow are all defining characteristics of aquatic biomes

Aquatic biomes2
Aquatic Biomes

  • Two main types of aquatic biomes can be distinguished on the basis of salt content:

    • Freshwater biome

    • Marine biome

Aquatic biomes are influenced by terrestrial biomes
Aquatic Biomes Are Influenced byTerrestrial Biomes

  • Influenced by the terrestrial biomes they border or through which their water flows

  • Water drains from terrestrial biomes into aquatic biomes such as rivers and streams, which in turn carry nutrients from the terrestrial environments to the ocean

Aquatic biomes are influenced climate
Aquatic Biomes Are Influenced Climate

  • Aquatic biomes are also strongly influenced by climate, which determines:

    • Water temperature

    • Depth

    • Salt content

Aquatic biomes are also influenced by human activity
Aquatic Biomes Are AlsoInfluenced by Human Activity

  • Wetlands and estuaries are often destroyed by humans to allow for development projects, while other aquatic biomes are negatively affected by pollution

Aquatic biomes are also influenced by human activity1
Aquatic Biomes Are AlsoInfluenced by Human Activity

  • Aquatic biomes also suffer when humans destroy or modify the terrestrial biomes they occupy

Frasier River B.C.

Dead Zone- Gulf of Mexico

Lakes freshwater biome
Lakes: Freshwater Biome

  • The productivity of a lake, and the abundance and distribution of its life-forms, is strongly influenced by:

    • Nutrient concentrations

    • Water depth

    • The extent to which the lake water is mixed

Detroit Lake

Rivers freshwater biome
Rivers: Freshwater Biome

  • Riversare bodies of fresh water whose physical characteristics tend to change along their length and that move continuously in a single direction

North Fork of Santiam

Wetlands freshwater biome
Wetlands: Freshwater Biome

  • Wetlands:standing water shallow enough that rooted plants emerge above the water surface

  • Bogs: stagnant wetlands whose productivity and species diversity are low

  • Marshes and swamps: highly productive wetlands

Estuaries marine biome
Estuaries: Marine Biome

  • An estuary is a region where a river empties into the sea and is the shallowest of the marine ecosystems

  • The abundance and diversity of life make estuaries one of the most productive ecosystems on our planet

Newport Estuary

Coastal regions marine biome
Coastal Regions: Marine Biome

  • The coastal region is the underwater area that stretches from the shoreline to the edge of the continental shelf and is among the most productive marine ecosystems

Coastal regions intertidal zone
Coastal Regions: Intertidal Zone

  • The intertidal zone is the part of the coast that is closest to the shore and extends from the highest tide mark to the lowest tide mark

Coastal regions benthic zone
Coastal Regions: Benthic Zone

  • The Benthic zone can be as deep as 200 meters (656 feet) below the water surface

  • Relatively stable habitat

  • Rich sediment containing the dead and decaying remains of organisms

Oceanic region marine biome
Oceanic Region: Marine Biome

  • Productivity in the oceanic regionis limited by nutrient availability

  • The oceanic region begins about 40 miles offshore and is relatively nutrient-poor

  • The abyssal zone begins where the continental shelf ends and the seafloor drops to a depth of approximately 6,000 meters (almost 20,000 feet)

Understanding the interconnected web
Understanding the Interconnected Web

  • The organisms and physical environments of the biosphere can be thought of as forming a web of interconnected relationships