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  1. LIFELONG GUIDANCE: POLICY AND SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT Presentation at Dialog Beratung-Lifelong Guidance BIFEB Workshop in Strobl, Austria, 29 October 2007 by Dr John McCarthy, Director International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy jmc@iccdpp.org

  2. KEY FEATURES OF A LIFELONG GUIDANCE SYSTEM (OECD 2004) • Transparency, ease of lifelong access, and addressing client diversity • Attention to key transition points • Flexibility and innovation in delivery • Regular review and planning processes • Access to individual guidance, when and where needed • Promotes development of career management skills

  3. KEY FEATURES OF A LIFELONG GUIDANCE SYSTEM (OECD 2004) • Opportunities to investigate and test learning and work options • Access to independent guidance • Access to comprehensive and integrated educational, occupational and labour market information • Involvement of relevant stakeholders

  4. KEY FEATURES OF A LIFELONG GUIDANCE SYSTEM (EU 2004) • Citizen centred features (relationship of citizens to the services including role in quality assurance) • Policy dvelopment features (integral part of education, employment and other policies; cross coordination; stakeholder participation) • System coordination features (complementarity, cooperation, coordination, networks at different levels, stakeholder involvement, central arrangements for devolved administrations)

  5. KEY FEATURES OF A LIFELONG GUIDANCE SYSTEM (EU 2004) • Targeting within universal provision • Review features (support for evidence based policy development; research and experimental guidance programmes) • International features (Europe and beyond; centres for policy/data collection and sharing)

  6. QUESTIONS ON KEY FEATURES • Operational? • How? • Evident to users/potential users? • Operationalisation monitored? • Country strengths? • Areas for development? • Benefit from EU cooperation?

  7. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • « assembly of all relevant actors » • Terms of Reference • Explore access to quality guidance services • Identify collaborative action • Agree recommendations in collaboration with stakeholders

  8. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • Objectives • Ensure guidance becomes a central part of public policy and planning • Develop, communicate and implement meaningful models of guidance • Harness the richness of existing resources • Move from fragmented to cohesive provision

  9. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • MEMBERSHIP • Ministries: education, employment • Social partners • National guidance agencies • Education management • Parents • Guidance practitioners • Trainers of guidance practitioners • Consumers • SECRETARIAT: National Centre for Guidance in Education • FUNDING: Both ministries

  10. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • ACTIONS OF THE FORUM-external • Collaboration with Expert Group on Future Skills Needs • Participation in EU Joint Actions pilot project • Proposal for the establishment of a National Learning Telephone Helpline • Submission re funding for guidance for the National Development Plan 2007-13

  11. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • ACTIONS OF THE FORUM-internal • Scoping Report: to describe current service provision, to identify gaps, and make recommendations • Public Consultation Exercise: to research public perceptions and experience of guidance • Quality Assurance of Guidance Services: to develop a framework for quality assurance and evaluation of services • Competency Frameworks: forcitizens of all ages to manage their learning and work; for guidance practitioners in the education and employment sectors • Coherent Framework of Organisational Structures: to deliver a coordinated and comprehensive lifelong guidance service

  12. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK FOR CITIZENS: • Canadian Blueprint for Life/Work Designs • Age specific knowledge, skills and competencies (0 to 6 years, 6 to 12 years, 12 to 16 years, 16 to 19 years, Adulthood) • Outcomes: emotional, social, learning, and career development • Methods: school, further education, and higher education curriculum; experiential learning; specialist guidance help and programmes

  13. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK FOR GUIDANCE PRACTITIONERS • Knowledge and practice of vocational, educational and personal/social guidance • Labour market education and training • Counselling • Information and resource management • Professional practice

  14. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK FOR GUIDANCE PRACTITIONERS • Fits within Irish National Framework of Qualifications (also EQF) • Basis: for training programmes for guidance practitioners • Modular: allowing for learner progression • Mobility: allowing mobility across guidance roles and sectors in a lifelong learning guidance service

  15. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • QUALITY ASSURANCE FRAMEWORK • CODE OF PRINCIPLES FOR GUIDANCE SERVICES • EXAMPLES OF GUIDANCE ACTIVITIES • ARRANGEMENTS FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL EVALUATION OF GUIDANCE SERVICES

  16. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • STRUCTURES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF LIFELONG GUIDANCE PROVISION • National, local and provider levels • Criteria to ensure « joined-up » delivery of the lifelong guidance framework at each level

  17. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • CRITERIA for NATIONAL LEVEL STRUCTURE • Clear legal basis and mandate • Reports to a lead ministry • Has executive capacity, staff, budget • Broad based advisory mechanism to guide it • Promotes « joined-up » policy making and service delivery • National Guidance Agency • National Guidance Forum

  18. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • CRITERIA FOR LOCAL LEVEL STRUCTURE • Clear legal basis • Executive capacity, staff and budget • Integrates existing service provision and delivery • Links with national schema • Supported by relevant government ministries and agencies • Gives local stakeholders a voice through a Local Guidance Forum • LocalGuidanceCoordination Board (County/municipality level)

  19. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • CRITERIA FOR PROVIDER UNIT LEVEL • Use existing management structures • Lifelong guidance policy reflected in oragnisational planning • Has the capacity to meet requirements of national quality and competency frameworks • Provides a voice to stakeholders on provision, delivery and policy

  20. CASE STUDY: NATIONAL GUIDANCE FORUM, IRELAND (2004-7) • CRITERIA COMMON TO ALL LEVELS • Optimise the use of existing structures at national level • Use existing providers to deliver the enhanced service • Ensure that structures are lean and focus only on their precise objectives

  21. REFERENCES • Career Guidance and Public Policy: Bridging the Gap. OECD, 2004 • Verbesserung der Politik und Systeme der lebensbegleitenden Bildungs- und Berufsberatung. CEDEFOP, 2005 • Guidance for Life: An Integrated Framework for Lifelong Guidance in Ireland. National Guidance Forum Ireland, 2007 • http://www.iccdpp.org/Resources/ArticlesRepository/tabid/92/articleType/CategoryView/categoryId/47/Ireland.aspx