The Road to Revolution
Loyalists vs. Patriots Undecided 2__________
5. The __________ Massacre Took place March 1770. .British soldier claimed he heard the word “fire,” so he fired his gun into the crowd. The street gang moved forward; the redcoats panicked and fired at unarmed people 6, ______Americans die, seven were wounded.
The Boston Massacre Samuel Adams made the most of it. He called it the Boston Massacre and had Paul Revere engrave a picture of the scene. The picture that Paul Revere chose to etch into a piece of copper, so it could be printed over and over again, showed British soldiers firing at peaceful Boston citizens. 7._____________: information of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
The Trial John Adams believed the redcoats should have a fair trial. He knew they needed a good lawyer, and he was one of the best in the colonies. Adams argued that the soldiers had defended themselves against an angry mob. A Boston jury found six of the soldiers not guilty. Two soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter, they were branded on their thumbs.
Committees of 8._______________ were shadow governments organized by the Patriot leaders. They were formed throughout the colonies as a means of coordinating action against Great Britain, usually involving 9. _________________and other forms of communication
The Sons of 10. ____________ was an organization of Patriots that took to the streets to protest 11. _________________ Patrick Henry was a famous 12________who led the opposition to the Stamp Act of 1765 and is remembered for his "Give me Liberty, or give me!" 13.__________speech.
Tarred and Feathered 14. According to the British These colonists were considered _____________________
The Boston Tea Party The chief goal of the Tea Act was to raise money for the British East India Company which was in financial trouble The Boston Tea Party took place in December of 1773. It was a bold and daring move in which the colonists dumped thousands of pounds of tea into the harbor in protest of the Tea Act.
First Continental Congress First Continental Congress meets in September 1774 in response to the passage of the Coercive Acts (the Intolerable Acts). They meet in 15.____________They implemented a successful boycott of British goods.
1st battle of the American Revolution, took place in 16 ________________ and ________________April 1775. After Paul Revere warns the militias they take a stand against the British Army. 80 militia men face about 600 British soldiers. Minutemen: Small hand-picked elite force which were required to be highly mobile and able to assemble quickly. Typically 25 years of age or younger, they were chosen for their enthusiasm, reliability, and physical strength.
Second Continental Congress The Congress meets in the summer of 1775. The Continental Army is created, and led by 17. ________________________ Adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 18. _____________
Common Sense Written early 1776 by Thomas Paine. “The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, ‘TIS TIME TO PART.” –Common Sense Within three months more than 100,000 copies of Common Sense were in circulation across the colonies. “Common Sense is working a powerful change in the minds of men.” –George Washington
The Declaration of Independence What two important documents were signed in this historical building. 19 _______________________________ 20._________________________