A) What additional changes had been made by 1874, to the electoral system since the 1832 Reform Act?. The Great Reform Act 1832. 1. County Seats 2 MPs for each Riding of Yorkshire. 26 other countries to have 2 MPs . Isle of Wight to have 1 MP. 7 English Counties to gain a third MP.
A) What additional changes had been made by 1874, to the electoral system since the 1832 Reform Act?
1. County Seats
2. Borough Seats
3. Voters in Counties
5. Method of voting
6. Registration of Voters
7. Maximum length of a Parliament
Second Reform Act 1867 and The Ballot Act 1872Second Reform Act 1867
3. Redistribution of Seats
Faced opposition, e.g. Russel said that secret ballot voting could increase corruption through others personating people.
Voters would secretly mark a printed ballot with a cross and put it in a sealed box. Votes were then counted in front of other agents.
The act reduced the pressures of voting.
But landowners could still tell who their tenants were voting for.
Pressure from Gladstone and the Liberals?
Earl Greys push for the reform bill through unwilling Tories
Working class to dumb to get the vote?
Existence of radicals – both moderate and extreme
Gladstone principle or pragmatism?
Arlington house compact
D) ‘All electoral reform in the 19th Century was based on pressure from outside Parliament.’
How accurate is this assessment of the motives behind political and electoral reform during this period?
However, these may not have all been a result of pressure from outside Parliament
Many factors usually contribute to reform such as:
- Agitation amongst the public
- Changes in society
- Politicians genuinely wanted reform to improve the system
We will now look at each of the Reform Acts and see in turn the reasons
that led to them taking place.
- Tory Democracy
- One Nation Toryism
- Disraeli wanted to become the party of reform
- Win more support from the working class
- Dish the Whigs
There is no definite factor which determines why electoral reform is passed.
Throughout the 19th Century on many occasions, the pressure from outside
parliament was a major factor in passing reform. However, it was not always
the main reason, and sometimes other factors contributed to the passing of the