Drug Offender Reform Act Smarter Sentencing + Smarter Treatment = Better Outcomes and Safer Neighborhoods
What is DORA? • A change in public policy • Offenders with drug problems are identified early • Drug treatment options are expanded in the community and in correctional facilities • Crime is reduced • Victims are spared
Why Do We Need DORA? • 85% of offenders have a drug problem that drives their criminal behavior • Our prison system is at capacity • Treatment works
Drugs & Alcohol Linked to Tragedy 20-35% of suicides 50% of traffic fatalities 62% of assaults 49% of murders 68% of manslaughter charges 52% of rapes 80% of child abuse 69% of drownings 50% of spousal abuse
What is Smarter Sentencing? • Occurs when judges have more information to craft better sentences. Under DORA, judges know an offender’s drug history. Treatment is not mandatory, but becomes more readily available.
How Does DORA Save Me Money? • $3,500 for treatment vs. $24,000 for a prison bed • Decreased crime = decreased criminal justice and victim costs • Increase in employment for treated offenders
How Does DORA Create Safer Neighborhoods? Upon Completion of Treatment: • Dramatic decrease in criminal activity • Substantial increase in abstinence for alcohol and drugs • Increase in stabile living environments
The DORA Approach Represents a Shift in Public Policy
Offender Sentenced Treatment Provided Recommend Incarceration Recommend Treatment PSI Drug Addiction and Crime Cycle Broken Drug & Risk Assessment* Drug Screening Arrest The DORA Process High risk? Drug problem? Drug problem? * Drug Assessment is the Addictions Severity Index (ASI) the Risk Assessment is the Level of Supervision Inventory (LSI)
DORA’s Treatment Strategy How Does it Work?
How Does Addiction Happen? • Drugs cause long and short-term changes in the brain • Drugs hamper a person’s ability to make correct decisions and control compulsive behavior Treatment helps offenders correct their behaviors, confront the problems associated with drug use, and recover from addiction.
Screening and Assessment Decreased Intensity of Service How Does Treatment Work? RESIDENTIAL Severe addiction INTENSIVE OUTPATIENT Serious addiction OUTPATIENT Dependent AFTERCARE & RELAPSE PREVENTION Completed treatment
The 3-year DORA Plan Phasing in a New Way of Doing Business
YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 screen drug offenders Screen all offenders Assess, if needed, for addiction severity Assess for risk to community 1,600 treated 3,349 treated 4,479 treated $6.3 on-going $12.1 on-going $16.7 on-going
Is it Worth $16.7 million? Yes! Treatment Works
Economic Impact The costs associated with these offenders Justice system Medical system Public assistance Work-related Victimization
The Costs Savings Every tax dollar spent on treatment produces $5.60 in avoided costs to the taxpayer.
Summary of Recommendations • Eventually screen and assess all offenders over a 3-year phase-in. • Provide appropriate level of treatment services and new treatment slots. • Evaluate our efforts. • Realize cost savings by avoiding repeated incarceration costs and further victimization.