european background to its incursion in and settlement conquest of north america l.
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European Background to Its Incursion in and Settlement (Conquest) of North America. How did the United States come to be?. Conquest of a continent was not a foregone conclusion. A unitary state did not have to emerge out of the conquered lands of native peoples.

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how did the united states come to be
How did the United States come to be?
  • Conquest of a continent was not a foregone conclusion.
  • A unitary state did not have to emerge out of the conquered lands of native peoples.
  • In many way, the European encounter with the Americas was an accident.
portuguese forays
Portuguese Forays
  • Along the African Coast to India (Prince Henry the Navigator)
  • Bartholomew Dias around the Cape of Good Hope (1488)
  • Vasco da Gama to India (1498)
  • Pedro Cabral to Brazil (1500)
spanish forays
Spanish Forays
  • Christopher Columbus (1492—first of 4 voyages)
  • Columbus Controversy—hero or instigator of genocide?
european motives
European Motives
  • Escape disease and scarcity
  • Technological, economic, and political, intellectual transformations
  • Why Europe and not China? Zheng He commanded a large treasure fleet in the 1430s, but China had no incentive to explore beyond the Indian Ocean and East African Coast.
spanish empire in the new world
Spanish Empire in the New World
  • Conquistadors conquer Mexica and Quechua (Cortes and Pizarro)
  • Coronado and DeSoto explore interior of North America
  • Focus on Silver in Mexico, especially rich strikes at Zacatecas.
  • Encomienda
  • Great Biological Exchange
reformation
Reformation
  • Martin Luther
  • John Calvin
  • English Reformation—from Henry to Elizabeth
elizabeth i 1558 1603
Marriage politics

Aided Protestants in Netherlands

Supported “Sea Dogs”—really pirates like Drake

ELIZABETH I—1558-1603
spanish armada
Spanish Armada
  • Phillip II desired to rid himself of both his English and Protestant problems in the north.
  • Mythology of Armada or why we can’t get the obvious falsehood on page 40—[‘smaller . . . English vessels to go Away.]
results of armada
Results of Armada
  • English freer to exploit North Atlantic
  • Spanish sea power was considerably weakened
  • English morale heightened.
walter raleigh
Established Roanoke on Carolina’s outer banks

Armada interfered with supplying ti.

“Lost Colony”

Walter Raleigh