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Trait Theorist. Fiedler. Effectiveness of a leader depends on their personality & the situation under consideration. Some leaders may be effective in one type of situation but not in another. He said Leaders effectiveness depended on the interaction of 2 factors

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Trait theorist

Trait Theorist.

Fiedler

Effectiveness of a leader depends on their personality & the situation under consideration. Some leaders may be effective in one type of situation but not in another.

He said Leaders effectiveness depended on the interaction of 2 factors

1. Trait/Style [people focus] with 2. Situation [task focus]

He came up with his idea of Least Preferred Co-worker Quiz


Trait theorist

The idea was not to test the Co-worker but to test the QuizTaker.

LOW LPC scores means you are a Task-Orientated Manager, HIGH scores a Relations-Orientated Manager


Trait theorist

A high LPC leader generally scores the other person as positive and a low LPC leader scores them as negative. High LPC leaders tend to have close and positive relationships and act in a supportive way, even prioritizing the relationship before the task. Low LPC leaders put the task first and will turn to relationships only when they are satisfied with how the work is going.


Trait theorist

Feidler says both can be effective if their orientation fits the situation

His theory rests on 3 principles that determine the most effective style for any given situation

Relationships. - how well leader & worker trust one another.

Situation. - the nature of the task, degree of difficulty, predictability etc.

Authority. - how much power, control, authority a leader has.

When there is a good leader-worker relation, a highly structured task, and

high leader position power, the situation is considered a "favorable situation."

Fiedler found that HIGH-LPC leaders (Relations Orientated) are more effective in

extremely favourable or unfavourable situations, whereas LOW-LPC leaders (Task

Orientated) perform best in situations with intermediate favourability.

Wikipedia.com


Trait theorist

Since personality is relatively stable, the the situation

contingency model suggests that : improving

effectiveness requires changing the

situation to fit the leader.

This is called "job engineering."


Trait theorist

Exploitative Autocratic the situation

Benevolent Autocratic

Likert

Participative

Democratic


Trait theorist

Blake & Mouton the situation

Found that many leaders tend to switch styles depending on situations – despite having a preferred or natural style of their own. They created a grid which gave rise to 5 different style of management. The grids were labelled ‘concerns’ : Y axis is ‘for relations with people’ and X axis is ‘for completing the task’

Donald Trump has been known to say he looks for ‘Team Management’ leaders when recruiting for his organisation.

Read and summarise their theory p254.