Developmental Psychology for Intro class. Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D. What Developmental Psychology entails:. Physical Development Personality Development Moral Development Social Development Intellectual Development Cognitive Development. Conception & prenatal development Infants
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Developmental Psychology for Intro class Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.
What Developmental Psychology entails: • Physical Development • Personality Development • Moral Development • Social Development • Intellectual Development • Cognitive Development
Conception & prenatal development Infants Toddlers Young children Middle childhood Older childhood Adolescence Young Adulthood Middle Adulthood Older Adulthood Who Is Included In our Study?
How do we study development? • Quantitative versus Qualitative changes • Major Influences that impact development • Biological • Environmental • Longitudinal studies • Monozygotic Twins versus Dizygotic Twins • E.g. Minnesota Twin Family Study
Theories regarding heredity & environment • Genetic factors influence personality, mental health, activity level • Heredity & environment are a joint product for many developmental issues. • E.g. kinship studies • Rho = .49 siblings & .75-.91 for identical twins on IQ
Select Issues in Development • Attachment Theory • John Bowlby • Universality of stages • Mary Ainsworth & the Strange situation • Attachment is a reciprocal relationship
Parenting Styles – Diana Baumrind • Baumrind (1971) • Authoritarian • Authoritative parenting • Permissive parenting • Neglectful versus nonconforming
What does the research say? • Parenting style & outcome measures • Social responsibility • Independence • Differences between boys and girls? • Authoritarian parents • Authoritative parents • Permissive parents
Developmental Theories • Cognitive Development – Jean Piaget • Sensorimotor Period (B to 2 years old) • Preoperational Period (2-7 years old) • Concrete Operational Period (7-11 years old) • Formal Operational Period (11-15 years old)
Moral Development • Kohlberg (1958) • Preconventional Morality • Conventional Morality • Postconventional Morality
Psychosocial Development • Erik Erikson • Stage 1: Trust versus Mistrust • Stage 2: Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt • Stage 3: Initiative versus Guilt • Stage 4: Industry versus Inferiority • Stage 5: Identity versus Identity Diffusion • Stage 6: Intimacy versus Isolation • Stage 7: Generativity versus Stagnation • Stage 8: Ego Integrity versus Despair