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Lab Practical. Skeletal System. #1. Name the longest bone in the body. Tibia Fibula Humerus Femur. Identify the spongy bone in this picture. #2 Red Bone Marrow is very important , because?. It’s where blood is produced. It stores fat. It is the location for Hematopoiesis.

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Lab Practical


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    1. Lab Practical Skeletal System

    2. #1. Name the longest bone in the body. • Tibia • Fibula • Humerus • Femur

    3. Identify the spongy bone in this picture.

    4. #2 Red Bone Marrow is very important , because? • It’s where blood is produced. • It stores fat. • It is the location for Hematopoiesis. • It determines length in the bone. • Both 1 and 3

    5. #3 Hematopoiesis means? • The formation of blood cellular components. • The formation of cartilage. • The formation of bone.

    6. Here is a picture of the epiphyseal plate that is building bone.

    7. # 4 What is the cell that is responsible for building bone? • Osteoclasts • Osteocondroma • Osteoblasts • Osteophytes

    8. # 5 Osteoclast? • Build bone. • Is stimulated by Parathyroid Hormone to break down bone to retain Calcium homeostasis. • Crazy! Osteoclasts have nothing to do with anything.

    9. #6 Occipital Bone makes up the posterior part and prominent portion of the cranial base. Name #18? • External Occipital Protuberance • Foramen Magnum • Occipital Condyle

    10. #7 Name 2 bones that don’t articulate with the sphenoid? (extra credit for more bones)

    11. #8 Reach up and touch your eyebrow. Can you tell me which bone makes up the roof or orbit of the eye? • Parietal • Frontal • Zygomatic • Temporal

    12. #9 Name the #4 label. • Ramus • Angle • Condyle • Coronoid

    13. #10 Identify #14(Hint: it does not articulate with the Spenoid bone.) • Ethmoid • Maxilla • Zygomatic • Inferior Nasal Concha

    14. Cleft Lip and Palate is a failure to form the palatine plate.#11 What bone or bones failed? • Ethmoid • Zygomatic • Maxilla

    15. #12 Find the correct sequence for the number of vertebrae?(Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral, and Coccygeal in the INFANT.) • 5, 8, 4, 9, 6 • 7, 12, 5, 5, 4 • 5, 12, 7, 4, 5 • 7, 12, 5, 4, 5

    16. #13 Name the disorder which is lateral deviation of the spine. • Scoliosis • Kyphosis • Lordosis

    17. #14 Is the pelvis (Os Coxa) part of the axial skeleton or appendicular skeleton? • Axial • Appendicular

    18. #15 Name the bone. • Atlas • Axis • C1 • C2 • Both 2 and 4

    19. #16 Name the bone that articulates with the Os Coxa and is mostly inferior.

    20. #17 Name the bone that articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula. • #2 is the glenoid fossa of the scapula.

    21. #18 Which is not a carpal bone? • Scaphoid • Lunate • Capitate • Cuboid • Hamate

    22. #19 Name the bone that is lateral to the ulna and has a radial head.

    23. #20 The mandibular fossa and the mandibular condyle articulate to make up which joint? • A/C • TMJ • G/H • Hip

    24. #21 Which tarsal bone articulates with the Tibia and Fibula? • Cuboid • Calcaneus • Talus • Navicular

    25. #22 Name these two bones that are fractured. • Radius/Ulna • 2nd and 3rd Ribs • Acromioclavicular • Tibia/Fibula

    26. #23 This is called a dancer’s fracture.What bone is fractured? • 1st Metatarsal • 1st Metacarpal • 5th Metatarsal • 5th Metacarpal • Cuboid

    27. #24 Osteoporosis is a disease that decreases bone mass and increases the susceptibility to fracture. What type of abnormal curvature will occur? • Lordosis • Kyphosis • Scoliosis • Spondylosis

    28. #25 DJD is associated with aging and is preceded by trauma to a joint. Which describes this process? • Term is (OA) Osteoarthritis • Can develop bone spurs. • Degenerates articular cartilage usually in large joints • All the above.

    29. #26 Here is the knee joint. What is the label #4 and #9? • PCL and Medial Meniscus • ACL and Lateral Meniscus • ACL and Medial Meniscus • PCL and Lateral Meniscus

    30. #27 Do you know what fontanel is the largest? (Hint: the soft spot you can feel on top of a infant head) • Frontal or Anterior • Posterior or Occipital • Anterior Lateral or Sphenoidal • Posterolateral or Mastiod

    31. #28 What connects bone to bone? • Osteon • Tendon • Ligament • Epithelial

    32. #29 What connects bone to muscle? • Tendon • Epithelial • Ligament • Foramen

    33. #30 This a picture of an optical arthroscope. What part of the body would you use this instrument? • Heart • Lung • Bone • Joint

    34. # 31 What type of physician would deal with preservation and restoration of the skeletal system? • Dermatologist • Radiologist • Orthopedic • Pediatric

    35. #32 Here is a histology slide of adipose tissue. Where would you find adipose storage in the bone? • Red Bone Marrow • Osteocytes • Yellow Bone Marrow • Subcutaneous

    36. #33 Here is a picture of an ingrown nail in the big toe. What is the medical term for big toe? • Proximal and Distal Phalanx of the 1st digit of the foot • Pollex • Hallux • Both 1 and 3 • Both 1 and 2

    37. #34 What is the clavicle bone? • It articulates with the acromion process of the scapula. A/C Joint • It articulates with the Manubrium of the sternum. S/C Joint • Part of the Appendicular skeleton. • All the Above.

    38. #35 What is termed the shaft of the long bone? • Epiphysis • Diaphysis • Marrow • Periosteum

    39. #36 What is the outer or surface of the bone called? • Epiphysis • Periosteum • Endosteum • Medullary Cavity

    40. #37 The ribs are flat bones from the axial skeleton. What structure attaches the ribs to the sternum? • Costal Cartilage • IVD • Meniscus • Fibromyalgia

    41. #38 Rupture of the Nucleus Pulposus is termed as? • Meniscus Tear • ACL Separation • A/C Separation • Herniated Disc

    42. #39 A/C Joint is an articulation of which bones? • Sternum/Clavicle • Scapula/Clavicle • Humerus/Scapula • Costal Cartilage/ Sternum

    43. #40 Which Medical School would you like to attend? • Harvard • John Hopkins • Mayo Clinic • University of Utah