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Chapter 12 – Inhalant Use and Abuse Among Hispanics PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 12 – Inhalant Use and Abuse Among Hispanics

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Chapter 12 – Inhalant Use and Abuse Among Hispanics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 12 – Inhalant Use and Abuse Among Hispanics

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  1. Chapter 12 – Inhalant Use and Abuse Among Hispanics

  2. Background and Context • There is no consensus regarding a definition of inhalants • The exact effects and long-term consequences of inhalant use are difficult to assess • Toxic Consequences • Legal Consequences Patterns • Societal attention to inhalant abuse is selective, episodic and give way too quickly to other substance abusers • Inhalants often gateway drug experiences • Inhalant abuse is increasing among teens and young adults

  3. Users • Whites – first (highest use) • Hispanics – second highest users • African Americans – third • Western part of the U.S. has the highest numerous users Inhalants • Nitrate (such as amyls and butyl nitrate) are more likely to be used by young adults (enhance sexual pleasure) • The effects on inhalants are short-lived and require successive use and dosages to recapture the effects

  4. Inhalant Users • Inhalants are among the first illicit that young children experiment with • Readily available • Inexpensive to buy • They have various pleasurable side effects • Inhalant abuser are generally viewed as difficult to treat and monitor • Similar to crack heads and winos, inhalant users are low-class Health Consequences of Inhalant Abuse • Given the heterogeneity of substances inhaled, the full extent of health-related consequences have been difficult to determine because of the different pharmacological effects • Some inhalants can affect unborn fetuses and pregnancy • Inhalant use can cause death

  5. Social Epidemiological Dimensions • Inhalants are among the earliest substance used by children – normally peaks in the 8th grade • Over time boys use more inhalants than girls Monitoring the Future Surveys • Inhalants may be the first drug used by students/children

  6. Research Agendas for the 21st Century • Prohibition against the use of toxic chemicals vary from state to state • 14 states target the sale of inhalants to minors • Some states have fines and jail time for inhalant offenders • Several states offer treatment as a part of their criminal justice systems • Need to do studies that focus on the causal relationship between inhalant using youths and learning disabilities • Studies should be done to long at chronic inhalant abuse and its consequences • Clarify the role of psychiatric disorders as both a cause and a consequence of inhalant abuse • Design treatment for young children • Develop screening techniques