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The American Civil War. Created by Mrs. DeLuna . Secession-southern states leave the Union. The Confederate States of America (The Confederacy) The United States of America (The Union). The Union President – Abraham Lincoln Capital – Washington, D.C. 24 states

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the american civil war

The American Civil War

Created by Mrs. DeLuna

secession southern states leave the union
Secession-southern states leave the Union

The Confederate States of America

(The Confederacy)

The United States of America

(The Union)

choosing sides pg 482
The Union

President – Abraham Lincoln

Capital – Washington, D.C.

24 states

The border states had slaves, but they stayed with the Union

Choosing Sides – pg. 482
  • The Confederacy
  • President - Jefferson Davis
  • Capital – Richmond, Virginia
  • 11 states
fort sumter pg 481
Southern states took over most of the federal forts inside their borders, including Ft. Sumter.

Union soldiers at Ft Sumter were running out of supplies.

Lincoln sent supply ships to restock the fort.

The Confederacy attacked the supply ships and opened fire on the fort.

The Union side surrendered and this started the war.

Fort Sumter-pg 481
military leaders
Union Leader:

Ulysses S. Grant (the Union had many different leaders before Grant came in).

Grant’s victories followed many failed generals

Confederate Leader:

Robert E. Lee (talented military leader)

Respected by both sides

Refused to fight against Virginia

Won many early victories.

Military Leaders
strengths weaknesses pg 483 484 tree map activity
The Union:

22 million people

More factories

More railroad tracks

More naval power and shipyards

President Lincoln-great leader

Had to fight an offensive war (had to travel South)

Developed the Anaconda Plan (to surround and squeeze the South)

They planned to gain control of the Mississippi

The Confederacy:

9 million people (3.5 million were slaves)

Talented general (Robert E. Lee)

Was able to fight a defensive war (could stay in South and defend itself)

Expected Europe to help them, but Europe stayed out.

Strengths, Weaknesses-pg. 483-484Tree Map Activity
technology pg 491
Technology-pg. 491

Rifle and minie ball-rifles that shot farther and more accurately. The minie ball caused more damage.

Ironclads – warships covered with iron.

Videos and Summaries

Submarines

Minie Ball

the first battle of bull run play video
The First Battle of Bull Runplay video
  • Victory to the Confederates
  • The Victory thrills the South.
  • The North is surprised. They realize that winning will not be easy. Lincoln expands his army.
shiloh play video
Shilohplay video

Victory to the Union

  • Grant (a Union general) has victories in the West. Grant followed retreating Confederates. Fresh troops arrive and the South retreats. Grant becomes popular.
the fall of new orleans read pg 495
The Fall of New OrleansRead pg 495

Victory to the Union

  • The Union controls most of the Mississippi River. This would divide the Confederacy and help to complete the Anaconda plan.
bloody antietam play video read pg 497
Bloody Antietamplay video/ Read pg. 497

Victory to the Union

  • Lee (Confederacy) invades the North fighting in Maryland. Lee’s army retreats. McClellan (Union) lets him slip away. Lincoln fires McClellan.
the emancipation proclamation play video
The Emancipation Proclamationplay video
  • Lincoln freed the slaves in the Confederacy to weaken the South.
  • This changed the purpose of war. After this the war would be about freedom for the slaves.
  • Few slaves were actually freed, but the idea made abolitionists happy anyway.
54 th massachusetts play video pg 506
54th Massachusettsplay video/ pg 506
  • This was the first African American regiment in the North. They lead a heroic attack on Fort Wagner. Their bravery made them famous and increased African American enlistment.
union generals after mcclellan
Union Generals after McClellan

McClellan – fired after Antietam

Burnside – fired after Fredericksburg

Hooker – fired just before Gettysburg

Meade – general at Gettysburg

Grant – after Vicksburg – you’re hired!

gettysburg play video
Gettysburgplay video

Victory to the Union

  • Lee invades the North again
  • Pickett’s Charge fails
  • Lee retreats
  • Lee will not invade the North again
  • This is a turning point

Pg 512-515

Battle of Gettysburg (more videos)

the gettysburg address play video pg 524
The battlefield of Gettysburg was declared a national cemetery.

President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony.

Gettysburg Address (text)

Gettysburg Address (video)

The Gettysburg Addressplay video / pg. 524
vicksburg pg 516
Vicksburgpg 516
  • Victory to Union
  • The Union gains control of the entire Mississippi River
  • President Lincoln chooses Ulysses S. Grant to command the Union army.
sherman s total war sherman s march to the sea pg 516 and video ken burns
Sherman’s Total WarSherman’s March to the Seapg. 516 and video (Ken Burns)

Victory to the Union

General Sherman marched from Tennessee to the sea destroying everything in the path. Union soldiers destroyed train tracks, burned crops, and burned down towns.

Pg. 516-517 history book

Sherman’s March

List of videos and interactive media

Eyewitness

grant s virginia campaign pg 518
Grant’s Virginia Campaignpg. 518
  • Victory to the Union
  • Grant’s army and Lee’s army fought a series of battles in Virginia. Grant captures the South’s capital of Richmond, Virginia.
appomattox the war is over
Appomattox-The War is Over

The South Surrenders

Lee surrenders to Grant in Virginia

Grant offers generous terms:

  • Rebels can return home in peace
  • The goal is to unify again.

Pg. 519 history book

Surrender (video)

effects of the war
Effects of the War

Analyze the effects of the war for the North and the South.

Create a Venn Diagram as you compare and contrast the similarities and differences for the North and South.

  • Use pg. 520-523
  • Eyewitness
  • Abraham Lincoln
additional resources
Additional Resources

Photos

Videos

Images

Timeline

Interactive Timeline

Online Quiz

Frederick Douglass

Civil War Songs

Robert E. Lee

Ulysses S. Grant