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test bench

Un test bench es una entidad que no tiene declaraciones de puertos. Consiste en una arquitectura que contiene una instancia del componente a ser testeado y procesos que general los valores sobre las señales conectadas al mismo. Tambien puede contener procesos que chequeen que las salidas del sistema son las esperadas.

La arquitectura de un test bench normalmente consiste en una parte estructural (instanciacion del componente a testear) y uno o varios procesos que generan los datos a testear.

Test Bench

ENTITY test_bench IS

END test_bench;


COMPONENT clock PORT( clk: OUT std_logic ); END COMPONENT;

COMPONENT wm PORT( clk, start, lid, pause: IN std_logic; ……); END COMPONENT;

SIGNAL clk, start, lid, pause : std_logic_vector;


c : clock PORT MAP( clk => clk );

f : wm PORT MAP( clk => clk, start => start, lid => lid, … );



ejemplo de test bench

entity reg4 is

port ( d0, d1, d2, d3, en, clk : in bit;

q0, q1, q2, q3 : out bit );

end entity reg4;

architecture behav of reg4 is


storage : process is

variable stored_d0, stored_d1, stored_d2, stored_d3 : bit;


wait until clk;

if en then

stored_d0 := d0;

stored_d1 := d1;

stored_d2 := d2;

stored_d3 := d3;

end if;

q0 <= stored_d0;

q1 <= stored_d1;

q2 <= stored_d2;

q3 <= stored_d3;

end process storage;

end architecture behav;

Ejemplo de Test Bench
ejemplo de test bench1

entity test_bench is

end entity test_bench;

architecture test_reg4 of test_bench is

signal d0, d1, d2, d3, en, clk, q0, q1, q2, q3 : bit;


dut : entity work.reg4(behav)

port map ( d0, d1, d2, d3, en, clk, q0, q1, q2, q3 );

stimulus : process is


d0 <= '1'; d1 <= '1'; d2 <= '1'; d3 <= '1';

en <= '0'; clk <= '0';

wait for 20 ns;

en <= '1'; wait for 20 ns;

clk <= '1'; wait for 20 ns;

d0 <= '0'; d1 <= '0'; d2 <= '0'; d3 <= '0'; wait for 20 ns;

en <= '0'; wait for 20 ns;



end process stimulus;

end architecture test_reg4;

Ejemplo de Test Bench
driving signals al testbench

Waveform assignament:

start <= ‘0’, ‘1’ after 1 sec, ‘0’ after 50 ms

Loops dentro de procesos:



for j in 0 to 9 loop


WAIT for 1 sec;

start<=s(j); --tenemos una tabla con los valores cargados

WAIT for 1 sec;

--chequeo los resultados

end loop;

end process;

Generacion de clock

Driving signals al testbench
escribiendo a archivos

El tipo file en VHDL se utiliza para representar archivos.

file nombre logico : nombre tipo [ open modo ] is ”archivo.ext”

el modo puede ser write mode, read mode o append mode.

Se utilizan las siguientes librerias:

Textio: es una libreria para manejar textos. La entrada/salida de texto se realiza a traves de una variable tipo line.


Escribiendo a archivos

PreDefined Files

Input : Text is in "Std_Input"; -- usually mapped to keyboard

Output : Text is out "Std_Output"; --usually mapped to console


Type Text is file of String;

Type Line is access String;

Type Side is ( Right, Left );

Subtype Width is Natural;

read procedures

procedure ReadLine ( F : in Text; L : out Line );

procedure Read ( L : inout; Value : out; |Good : out Boolean| );

Read is an Overloaded Procedure Where Value May be of Type:

+ Bit, Bit_Vector

+ Boolean

+ Character

+ Integer

+ Real

+ String

+ Time

Read Procedures
write procedures

procedure WriteLine ( F : out Text; L : out Line );

procedure Write ( L : inout;..

Write is an Overloaded Procedure Where Value May be of Type:

+ Bit, Bit_Vector

+ Boolean

+ Character

+ Integer

+ Real

+ String

+ Time

Write Procedures
file i o status

procedure file_open ( status : out file_open_status,

file f : file_type,

external_name : in string ,

open_kind : in file_open_kind := read_mode ) ;

type file_open_status is ( open_ok, status_error, name_error, mode_error ) ;



File Opened Successfully status_error

File Previously Opened name_error

read_mode, append_mode - File Does Not Exist

write_mode - Can Not Create File file_name mode_error

File Exists But Can NotOpened in Specific Mode

File I/O Status
ejemplo de lectura

file p_file : text open read_mode is "C:\CLASS\ALU.PAT" ;



Variable l : Line;

Variable b : Bit;

... Begin

While Not Endfile( f ) Loop

Readline ( p_file, l );

Read ( l, b );

... End Loop; End Process; End Arc;

Ejemplo de lectura
ejemplo de escritura

file p_file : text open write_mode is "C:\CLASS\ALU.PAT" ;



Variable l : Line;

Variable r : Bit_vector ( 31 downto 0 ) ;

... Begin

For i in r'range Loop

Write ( l, r ( i ) );


Writeline ( p_file, l ). ; End Loop; End Process; End Arc;

Ejemplo de Escritura

use textio.all;

architecture behavior of check is


process (x)

variable s : line;

variable cnt : integer:=0;


if (x='1' and x'last_value='0') then


if (cnt>MAX_COUNT) then

write(s,"Counter overflow - ");



end if;

end if;

end process;

end behavior;

escribiendo a archivos1

library ieee;

use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;

use std.textio.all;

use work.txt_util.all;

entity FILE_LOG is

generic (

log_file: string := "res.log"



CLK : in std_logic;

RST : in std_logic;

x1 : in std_logic;

x2 : in std_logic_vector(7 downto 0)



Escribiendo a archivos
escribiendo a archivos2

architecture log_to_file of FILE_LOG is

file l_file: TEXT open write_mode is log_file;


while true loop

write(l, str(x1)&" "& hstr(x2)& "h");

writeline(l_file, l);

end loop;

Escribiendo a archivos
libreria txt util

library ieee;

use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;

use std.textio.all;

package txt_util is

-- prints a message to the screen

procedure print(text: string);

-- prints the message when active

-- useful for debug switches

procedure print(active: boolean; text: string);

-- converts std_logic into a character

function chr(sl: std_logic) return character;

-- converts std_logic into a string (1 to 1)

function str(sl: std_logic) return string;

Libreria TXT_UTIL

-- converts std_logic_vector into a string (binary base)

function str(slv: std_logic_vector) return string;

-- converts boolean into a string

function str(b: boolean) return string;

-- converts an integer into a single character

-- (can also be used for hex conversion and other bases)

function chr(int: integer) return character;

-- converts integer into string using specified base

function str(int: integer; base: integer) return string;

-- converts integer to string, using base 10

function str(int: integer) return string;

-- convert std_logic_vector into a string in hex format

function hstr(slv: std_logic_vector) return string;


-- functions to manipulate strings


-- convert a character to upper case

function to_upper(c: character) return character;

-- convert a character to lower case

function to_lower(c: character) return character;

-- convert a string to upper case

function to_upper(s: string) return string;

-- convert a string to lower case

function to_lower(s: string) return string;


-- functions to convert strings into other formats


-- converts a character into std_logic

function to_std_logic(c: character) return std_logic;

-- converts a string into std_logic_vector

function to_std_logic_vector(s: string) return std_logic_vector;

-- file I/O


-- read variable length string from input file

procedure str_read(file in_file: TEXT;

res_string: out string);

-- print string to a file and start new line

procedure print(file out_file: TEXT;

new_string: in string);

-- print character to a file and start new line

procedure print(file out_file: TEXT;

char: in character);

end txt_util;