Montessori education & civic engagement. Sara Chopp MPS 593 Winter 2014. Introduction.
Sara ChoppMPS 593 Winter 2014
Organizational Involvement: religious (Religious), educational (Educational), social (Social), political (Political), government (Govern), militant (Militant) and charitable (Charity) organization membership
Perceptions of civic self: civically spirited (Spirited), literate (Literate), inquisitive (Inquisitive) and active (Active).
Time allocation: gathering information (InfoGath), knowledge sharing (KnoShare), furthering their education (Education), self improvement (SelfImprov), relationship building (Relbuild), networking, entertainment (Entertain), shopping, paying bills (PayBills), professional development (ProfDev) and civic engagement (CivicEng).
Civic voice (frequency): community problem solving (CommProb), volunteers for non-electoral organizations (VolNonElec), member to a group or association (MemGrAss), participates in run/walk/ride fundraisers (Runwalkride), and participates in other fundraisers for charity (Fundraising)
Electoral voice (frequency): decides for whom to vote (VoteDec), persuades others to vote (VotePer), displays buttons, signs, or stickers (Display), makes campaign contributions (ContCamp), and volunteers for candidates or political organizations (VolPolOrg)
Political voice (frequency): contacts officials (ContactOff), print media (ContactPrint), and broadcast media (ContactBC), protests (Protesting), petitions, boycotts (Boycott), buycotts (Buycott), and canvasses (Canvassing).
The respondents are also asked the same questions regarding their parents (indicated by PAR) in order to measure the strength of their parents’ civic, electoral and political voices.
Electoral voice: Regular voting, persuading others to vote, displaying buttons, signs and stickers, campaign contributions, volunteering for candidate or political organizations and registering voters.
Friere’s liberation pedagogy: Approach to education that focuses on awareness, open multi-directional communication, experiential collective learning and hands-on experience.
Montessori education: Education method that focuses on hands-on, student-guided learning in a collective learning, orderly and independent environment.
Nonsport extracurricular activities: Nonsport activities like student government, performing arts groups and voluntary community organizations.
Organizational involvement: Student participation in organizations outside of academic institutions.
Parental engagement: Parental involvement in child’s school community.
Political activity: Participating in the voting process and freely expressing stances on current political or social issues.
Political voice: Contacting officials, contacting the print media, contacting the broadcast media, protesting, email petitions, written petitions, boycotting, buycotting and canvassing.
Positive Character: Character education that develops positive characteristics and skills.
Problem Solving: Thought processes rooted in personal efficacy and willingness to contact political officials
Service learning: School facilitated opportunities provided to students to work voluntarily in the community
Traditional education: Education method that focuses on rote learning and memorization in an environment controlled by the teacher.
Traditional Education and Civic Engagement Findings
No correlation between Traditional and organizational membership except
Negative, weak correlation with Social
Positive, weak correlation with Political
Negative, moderate correlation with Charitable
Negative, weak correlation between Traditional and perceptions of civic self
No correlation between Traditional education and civic, electoral or political voices
Negative, moderate relationship between Traditional and VoteDec
Negative, weak relationship between Traditional and Display
Positive, moderate relationship between Traditional and Buycotting
Multivariate Analyses statistically insignificant
Even when controlling for parental engagement and organizational involvement
Significant relationship between organizational involvement and civic engagement
Significant relationship between organizational involvement and perceptions of civic self
Significant relationship between Traditional and parental engagement in terms of political voice
Significant relationship between MontYrs and political voice revealed