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Shakespeare. Education in Stratford. The Guild of the Holy Cross. School. 'The King's New School of Stratford-upon-Avon'. Schedule. Schedule: Summer 6 AM-5 PM Winter 7 AM-4 PM 12-2PM lunch break. Program.

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education in stratford
Education in Stratford
  • The Guild of the Holy Cross
  • 'The King's New School of Stratford-upon-Avon'.
  • Schedule:
    • Summer
    • 6 AM-5 PM
    • Winter
    • 7 AM-4 PM
    • 12-2PM lunch break
  • ‘Trivium' of grammar, logic, rhetoric, and the 'quadrivium' of arithmetic, geometry, music and astronomy.
  • The School concentrated on teaching Latin.
  • Tudor text-book, Lily's Latin Grammar, served as an introduction to the works of the classical authors.
  • Boys were punished if they spoke in English to one another instead of Latin.
sir hugh evans
Sir Hugh Evans
  • Evans: What is 'lapis', William? 

  • William: A stone. 

  • E: And what is 'a stone', William? 

  • W: A pebble. 

  • E: No, it is 'lapis'...
  • W: 'Lapis'.
  • E: That is a good William. What is he, William, that does lend articles? 

  • W: Articles are borrowed of the pronoun, and be thus declined, Singulariter, nominativo, hic, haec, hoc... 

  • E: What is your genitive case plural, William ? 
W: Genitive case? 

  • Evans: Ay. 

  • W: Genitive,- horum, harum, horum.
(Act 4, Scene 1)
  • Ovid
  • Plautus
  • Terence
  • Cicero
  • Quintilian
  • Students studied and imitated the ancient masters.
  • The plays of Terence and Plautus introduced the students to the conventions of Roman comedy
  • The declamation of Latin speeches from these plays was an important part of the pupils' practice of rhetoric.
laughter and elizabethan society
Laughter and Elizabethan Society
  • Cultural Distance
    • Feste the clown’s lines Twelfth Night 2.3.28-9 “signposts in foreign alphabet;” if we do laugh it is for different reasons.
    • Social functions of laughter
      • Perceptions of laughter change
      • Constant: laughter as a form of coping with anxiety, embarrassment, etc.
      • Freud: laughter and the subconscious
everyday laughter
Everyday laughter
  • A Hundred Merry Tales (1526)
  • Narrative + emphasis on wit and word-play
  • Confrontations: town—country, English—foreigners, educated—uneducated, men—women
  • Example from Kempe: the country lass
renaissance perceptions of laughter
Renaissance perceptions of laughter
  • Joubert Treatise on Laughter (‘one of the most astounding actions of man’)
  • Structure
    • Book 1: physiological description
    • Book 2: taxonomy
      • Laughable in deed (accidental versus deliberate)
        • Accidental: body parts, fall (damage cannot be too serious)
        • Deliberate: practical jokes, imitation
      • Laughable in word (stories, wordplay)
    • Book 3: effects of laughter
inversion and laughter
Inversion and Laughter
  • The Lord of Misrule (source Philip Stubbes)
    • Election followed by an visit to the church during which religious ceremonies were parodied
    • Saints whose feasts often occasioned inversionary laughter: Nicolas, Thomas, Catherine, also Feast of Epiphany (12th Night)
    • carnival spirit was separate from official celebrations; it offered ‘a second world outside officialdom’
    • Carnival laughter attacks all people, including the participants of the carnival; it often brought things to a the materialistic and bodily levels
  • Stubbes on Lord of Misrule: ‘Then, every one of these men… with his liveries of green, yellow of some other light and wanton colour…’
  • Stockwood 1578: Morris dancers Maygames in the time of divine service… men dancing naked in nets
  • Theater—the place of freedom replacing the time of freedom