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Personal Health and Dental Hygiene for Everyday Living Rhian and Chelsea
Defined as: • Teeth that are free of food • Gums that are pink • Bad breath is not a daily occurrence What is Good Oral Hygiene?
You will: • Look and Feel Great • Eat and Speak Properly • Prevent Painful and Expensive Dental Procedures Benefits of Healthy Teeth
#1 Culprit of dental problems • Defined as: bacteria and food that forms on your teeth • Can lead to cavities • Can cause damage to your teeth and entire mouth • Best Protection: REMOVE plaque by brushing and flossing Taking Care of Plaque: The Basics
1. Brush at Least Twice a Day • -Before bed • -In the morning • 2. Brush No More than 3 Times a Day • - Damage to gums • 3. Lightly Brush • - Damage to gums • -Hold toothbrush like a pen • 4. Brush for at Least 2 Minutes • -Ensures you clean all your teeth Basics of Brushing
5. Have a Standard Brushing Routine • -Ensures you are cleaning all your teeth • 6. Use Soft or Extra Soft Bristles • -Decreases risk of damaging gums • 7. Change Your Toothbrush Regularly • -Every 3 months • - Or when bristles flare Basics of Brushing
1. Hold the toothbrush sideways against your teeth • 2. Tilt the brush towards the gum line • 3. Move in a back and forth motion • 4. Roll and Flick • 5. Repeat on every tooth How to Brush: A Demonstration
6. For inside of teeth hold brush vertically • 7. Don’t forget the chewing surfaces! • 8. Rinse with water • 9. Brush your tongue • 10. Rinse again How to Brush: A Demonstration Cont.
Important for Healthy Gums • Never too Late to Start • Floss Once a Day • Take your Time • Use plenty of Floss • Choose your Favorite Type Basics of Flossing
Hold the floss however you prefer • Use Short Segments • Move the floss between the teeth • Make a “C” shape around the tooth • Move around the base of the tooth • Use firm pressure • Repeat How to Floss: A Demonstration
Poor diet can be a contributor to poor dental health • Negative effects of foods with high carbs, sugars and starches • Acids in foods can cause the breakdown of tooth enamel • Avoid foods that stick to your teeth • Acids can affect your teeth for 20 minutes after you are done eating • Eat deserts after a main meal rather than a snack Nutrition and Your Teeth
Fresh Fruit and Veggies • Grains Good Snack Choices for your Teeth
1. Limit sugary foods • 2. Avoid sugary foods between meals • 3. Eat a wide selection of healthy foods • 4. Brush your teeth after snacks and meals Important Nutrition Points to Remember
Major contributor to tooth decay • Acids soften tooth enamel • Sugar free soft drinks can still cause problems Soda and its Effects on Dental Hygiene
Reduce overall number of soft drinks • Rinse your mouth with water • Use fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash Avoiding Negative Effects of Soda
5 million deaths every year • Common and rare conditions • Range from minor to life threatening • Examples: • Staining and Discoloration of Teeth • Effect Taste and Smell • Periodontal Disease • Oral Mucosal Disease • Oral Cancer • -8th most common type of cancer in men • -Smokeless tobacco can have negative effects as well Tobacco and Oral Health
Great connection • Can be first sign of serious disease • Infections in mouth can affect entire body • Cardiovascular Disease • Pregnancy and Birth • Diabetes • HIV/AIDS • Osteoporosis Oral Health and Overall Health
Pain experienced when -applying pressure -exposed to hot or cold environment -while chewing • Bleeding or discharge from the mouth • Swelling of gum and surrounding facial areas • Radiating pain to cheek, ear or jaw Symptoms of a Toothache
Superior Walk-In Center • 2 Locations -1414 W Fair Ave in Marquette -Open 9am-9pm 365 days a year OR -1504 Sand Point Road in Munising -Open Sun 9am-2pm, Mon-Thurs: 9am-7pm, Closed Saturdays and Holidays What to do when you have a Toothache
No dentist available on site • Will treat noticeable abscess with antibiotics • Provide referrals for other dental pain or problems • Solution: PREVENTION What to do when you have a Toothache Cont.
“Good hygiene includes thoroughly and regularly washing one's body (especially hands), washing one's hair, brushing and flossing teeth, and caring for gums. These grooming habits will reduce the threat of bacteria that constantly reside on the body. While a certain amount of bacteria are harmless, and even beneficial, to the body, a build-up of bacteria can harm a person's health.” Defining Good Personal Hygiene
The hair on the head is meant to help protect your body and can be dry, oily, or normal, which is a combination of the two. • Our bodies naturally produce oils as a means to keep our hair naturally conditioned, shiny and soft, but too much oil can be bad. • Washing your hair daily is a great way to balance the amount of oil and keep your hair healthy. Caring for your Hair
1st Wash your hair regularly with shampoo. • 2nd Massage you scalp to help remove dead skin cells, oil and dirt. • 3rd Rinse the shampoo out with clean water. • Next apply the conditioner to smooth out your hair and make it easier to comb. If you have short hair, you don’t have to condition it. • Rinse the conditioner from your hair • Lastly use a wide tooth comb to untangle your wet hair. Ways to keep your hair clean:
Head Lice- tiny insects that my attach themselves to your scalp causing you to itch. Repeated scratching may then cause a bacterial infection. Once someone gets lice they are easily spread to others and require special shampoo to get rid of. Not washing your hair may lead to problems such as:
Dandruff- an inflammatory skin condition that causes flaky, white to yellowish scales to form on oily areas such as the scalp. By washing your hair daily you can remove the white flakes and prevent future dandruff. Not washing your hair may lead to problems such as:
Like your hair, your skin has natural oils that need to be maintained. Dermatologist recommend washing your face 2 times a day with mild soap and water. Don’t over wash your face as this may cause your skin to become dry. Caring for your Skin
Use lotions only if needed, and use ones that are oil-free and water-based. • Leave pimples alone; picking, popping, or squeezing them will only make them worse. • Try to avoid touching the face. • Keep hands clean by washing them often. • Try to stay out of the sun, and use a sunscreen every day during summer and winter. Skin care tips…
The sun can be very damaging to the skin causing wrinkles, dryness and sun burns. • Using a sunscreen with SPF above 15 may help reduce the risk of skin cancer. • Applying the sunscreen 15 min before exposure and every few hours after will help maintain effectiveness. • Many medications cause sun sensitivity, so be careful and avoid being overheated. Sun Protection
Keeping hands clean is one of the most important ways to prevent the spread of infection and illness. • Wash for 20 seconds • Sing the ABC’s or Happy Birthday • Scrub with water or soap to create friction and remove dirt and bacteria. Hand Washing…
Keeping hands and nails neat and clean helps prevent the passage of bacteria from person to person. • Trimming nails is important. Longer nails are more likely to hold dirt and bacteria. • Avoid cutting the nails to short. This may cause them to become ingrown or lead to an infection. Keeping nails neat and clean
“Never put anything smaller than your elbow into your ear” • Ear wax is your bodies way of self cleaning your ear. • To clean your ear wipe the outer portion with a wash cloth or tissue. Ear Care
To prevent Body Odor you should wash and scrub your body while showering with soap and a wash cloth. • Make sure to hit behind your ears! • The friction created will remove the dirt, oil dead skin, and bacteria that are unwanted. • After your shower you should apply a deodorant under you arms to keep them dry and odor free. Body Odor Prevention
Bath daily • Wash and put on clean clothes daily • Wash your hands multiple times a day • Infection protection- flu, colds, bacteria, TB • Clean cuts apply antibiotic ointment and cover with a band-aid • SCRUB- hands, nails, body, hair, feet… General Cleanliness
Its important to remember the techniques discussed and suggested. • Prevention is key to maintaining a healthy body and lifestyle. • Questions? Summary
Advameg (2010). Personal care and hygiene. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from http://www.faqs.org/health/Healthy-Living-V1/Personal-Care-and-Hygiene.html • A.D.A.M. (2010).Seborrheic dermatitis. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from https://health.google.com/health/ref/Seborrheic+dermatitis • Cleveland Clinic (2009). Ear Care Tips. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from http://my.clevelandclinic.org/healthy_living/ear_care/hic_ear_care_tips.aspx • Colgate World of Care (2010). Oral and dental health basics. Retrieved March 18, 2010, from http://www.colgate.com • Emedicinehealth (2010). Toothache. Retrieved March 30, 2010, from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/toothache • Reibel, J. (2010). Tobacco or oral health. Retrieved March 18, 2010, from http://www.who.int • All Images Retrieved from Google Search References