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Racial Segregation and the Rise of the Jim Crow Laws. SOL USII.3c. SOL USII.3c. The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by

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sol usii 3c

The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by

c) describing racial segregation, the rise of “Jim Crow,” and other constraints faced by African Americans in the post-Reconstruction South.


This slide show will examine racial segregation and the Rise of Jim Crow Laws in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. We will view key figures and groups that participated and impacted this era of United States history.

Please fill out your handout as the class exams this time period of racial segregation. Then see the last slide for your homework assignment.

after the civil war the united states constitution adopted
After the Civil WarThe United States Constitution Adopted:
  • 13th Amendment:

Abolishment of Slavery


after the civil war u s constitution adopted
After the Civil WarU.S. Constitution Adopted
  • 14th Amendment:
  • 1. Defines American Citizenship
  • 2. Prohibited the Abridging the
  • Privileges of Citizens
  • 3. Applied the Due Process
  • Clause (5th Amendment)
  • 4. Guaranteed “equal protection
  • of the laws” to all citizens
after the civil war the u s constitution adopted
After the Civil WarThe U.S. Constitution Adopted:
  • 15th Amendment:

Gives U.S. Citizens the right to vote and voters can not be discriminated based on race, color or “previous condition of servitude”

Class Discussion

What Issues did African Americans have to face after the Civil War?

racial segregation
Racial Segregation

What is Racial Segregation?

It is the separation of a certain group of people, based on their race, from another group in daily life.


racial segregation8
Racial Segregation
  • Black Codes-U.S.States passed these laws to take away the Civil Rights of African Americans.
          • Occurred in former Confederate States in the 1860s and the laws went on a state by state basis
          • Examples of Black Codes:

Literacy Tests to vote

Licenses required for work,

marriage, weapons, property ownership, etc.

NO Vagrancy, required to work, and the Codes regulated the type of work, and the hours of labor

rise of jim crow
Rise of Jim Crow
  • Jim Crow laws (1877)
      • Segregation
      • “Separate but Equal” Rule
      • separate facilities: schools, railroad carts, bathrooms, and later water fountains.
      • African Americans were prevented from living in “white” sections of towns, and they were limited to mostly laborious jobs.
rise of jim crow10
Rise of Jim Crow

Peer Discussion

Why would Northerners have issues with the Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws?

rise of jim crow11
Rise of Jim Crow

Key Figures/ Groups

Anti-Jim Crow

  • W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Booker T. Washington
  • NACW
how did washington and du bois differ in response to the laws
W.E.B. Du Bois

He accepted social segregation

Du Bois believe equality among the races could be achieved throughvocational education.

He started the Tuskegee Vocational School (1881)

Booker T. Washington

He believed in total social, political, and civil rights for all African Americans.

He did not accept segregation and he wanted an end to discrimination.

He started the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

How Did Washington and Du Bois Differ in Response to the Laws?
rise of jim crow13
Rise of Jim Crow

Pro Jim Crow Groups

  • Klu Klux Klan
  • Democratic Party
what other groups went through racial segregation
What other groups went through racial segregation?

In your group discuss what other groups of people besides for African Americans that probably went through racial segregation.

other sols in this assignment
Other SOLs in this Assignment
  • Analyze and interpret primary and secondary source documents to increase understanding of events and life in United States history. (USII.1a)
  • Make connections between past and present. (USII.1b)
  • Sequence events in United States history. (USII.1c)
  • Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (USII.1d)
homework assignment
Homework Assignment

Please write a 1 ½ page paper as if you were a person living in the early 19th century segregated south. Give specific examples in your paper of racial segregation. Make your reader feel the emotions and burdens of the troubled times.

class project
Class Project

You will make a slide show presentation on racial segregation and the Jim Crow Laws. You may chose to research:

  • One of the U.S. states that once supported the Laws
  • A person or group that supported or opposed the laws