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Introduction to Athletic Training. Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy Susan Kay Hillman. Objectives. Describe the education, training, and licensure and certification of the athletic trainer. Provide a general history of the athletic training profession.

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Introduction to athletic training

Introduction to Athletic Training

Core Concepts in Athletic Training and Therapy

Susan Kay Hillman


  • Describe the education, training, and licensure and certification of the athletic trainer.

  • Provide a general history of the athletic training profession.

  • Identify the top three employment settings for athletic trainers in 2009.

  • Identify various employment opportunities for athletic trainers.

  • Describe five members of the sports medicine team and explain the general duties of each.

Becoming an nata certified athletic trainer
Becoming an NATA Certified Athletic Trainer

  • Training and Education

    • Require at least 4 years of college education

      • ATEP: Athletic Training Educational Program

        • Accredited school

        • Standards set by NATA

        • Housed under majors like Kinesiology

        • 350 + entry level ATEP programs

          • Find on NATA website: CAATE-accredited athletic training programs

    • 2 years of hands on practice

      • Evaluation, prevention and management of athletic injuries

Becoming an nata certified athletic trainer1
Becoming an NATA Certified Athletic Trainer

  • Certification

    • Must satisfactorily complete undergraduate degree at accredited program

      • See page 2 and 3 for courses required

    • Take and pass a national certification exam

      • Written, practical demonstration, and written simulation

        • Pass all 3 become an ATC, Certified Athletic Trainer

        • 80 CEU’s every 3 years to maintain certification

        • Adhere to NATABOC standards of professional practices

Becoming an nata certified athletic trainer2
Becoming an NATA Certified Athletic Trainer

  • Licensure

    • A.T. need to get licensed in some states

      • Ensure legal practices of athletic training

      • See figure I.1

      • California just denied licensure for athletic training

  • Code of Ethics

    • Written by athletic trainers in 1950’s

      • Code of Ethics:

    • Infractions may result in loss of certification

Becoming an nata certified athletic trainer3
Becoming an NATA Certified Athletic Trainer

  • Organization

    • Each state represented within 1 of 10 NATA Districts: Figure I.2

    • Committees and subcommittees in each district

      • Coordination of the organization from state to national level

      • NATA provides money to state organizations for educational, research and licensure purposes

History of athletic training
History of Athletic Training

  • Knowledge of history provides understanding of the AT profession

    • Began with few athletic trainers across nation, mostly in college/university settings

    • Current size of NATA more than 35,000

    • Clinics, schools, professional sports. Industry, health and fitness, and educational programs

History of athletic training1
History of Athletic Training

  • The 1930s and 1940s: Promoting the Exchange of Ideas

    • Need for organization for AT

    • Strain caused by WWII, but several accomplishments made

  • The 1950s: Establishing the Organization

    • 1947 AT began to grow, but AT had no formal education

      • Skills learned from others in field

    • 1950 first national meeting held and NATA established

      • Considerable growth for NATA in 50’s

      • Undergraduate programs established

      • Constitution and By-Laws

      • Official Logo

      • Journal of AT established

      • Code of ethics established

History of athletic training2
History of Athletic Training

  • The 1960s: Continuing the Growth

    • 1969 American Medical Association recognized importance of AT

  • The 1970s: Developing Standards for Certification

    • Licensure debate began and each state responsible for own regulations

  • The 1980s: Strengthening the NATA's Role

    • Role delineation study to establish understanding of skills required for athletic trainers

  • The 1990s: Becoming a Recognized Allied Health Profession

    • Tremendous growth for NATA

    • Official recognition of AT as allied health profession by AMA

      • Monumental achievement

      • Curriculum evaluation: creation of guidelines for schools to follow to ensure compliance for program accreditation

      • AT moved from school and team environments to clinical and industrial settings

History of athletic training3
History of Athletic Training

  • SIDEBAR: Athletic Training Curriculum Model: Suggested Courses. Page 10

    • The New Millennium

      • First female president of NATA Julie Max

      • Internship route for ATS changed in 2004

        • Refine and develop competencies for which all AT are measured

        • Redefine and structure clinical education

Employment opportunities in athletic training
Employment Opportunities in Athletic Training

  • Athletic training Course Instructors

  • University or College Athletic Trainers

  • High School Athletics Trainers (Secondary Schools)

  • Student Athletic Trainer

  • Graduate School Opportunities

  • Athletic Trainers/Coaches

  • Clinic Athletic Trainers

  • Athletic Trainers for Professional Sports

  • Workplace Athletic Trainers

  • Other Potential Opportunities

The sports medicine team
The Sports Medicine Team

  • The Athletic Training Team

  • Physicians

  • Orthopedic Surgeons and Other Specialists

  • Rehabilitation Specialists

  • Nutritionists

  • Sport psychologists

  • Paramedics and Emergency Medical Technicians

  • Other Support Staff

  • Coaches and Athletes

The sports medicine team1
The Sports Medicine Team

  • Sports medicine refers to a broad field of medical practices related to physical activity and sport

    • Defined by American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) as multidisciplinary

    • Includes physiological, biomechanical, psychological and pathological phenomena associated with exercise and sport

    • Clinical application in these areas is aimed at improving and maintaining functional capacities for physical labor exercise and sports

  • Sports medicines generally focuses on areas of performance enhancement, injury care, prevention and management

The sports medicine team2
The Sports Medicine Team

  • Areas of specialization that focus primarily on performance enhancement

    • Exercise physiology

    • Biomechanics

    • Sports psychology

    • Sports nutrition

    • Strength & conditioning

    • Personal fitness training

    • Coaching

    • Physical education

The sports medicine team3
The Sports Medicine Team

  • Areas of specialization that focus on health care and injury/illness management specific to the athlete

    • Practice of medicine (physicians & physician assistants)

    • Athletic training

    • Sports physical therapy

    • Massage therapy

    • Dentistry

    • Osteopathic medicine

    • Sport podiatry

    • Orthotist/prosthetists

    • Sports chiropractic

Role of athletic trainer
Role of Athletic Trainer

Work with athletes from time of injury to resolution

Directly responsible for all phases of health care in an athletic environment

Role of athletic trainer1
Role of Athletic Trainer

  • Injury prevention

    • Ensure appropriate training, monitor environment, nutrition, maintain & fitting equipment, appropriate use of medication

  • Clinical evaluation and diagnosis

    • Recognize nature and extent of injury

  • Immediate care

    • Provide first aid and management of acute injuries

      • Minimum of CPR/AED and First Aid

  • Treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning

    • Knowledge of equipment, manual therapy, therapeutic modalities

  • Organization & administration

    • Budgeting, inventory, injury records, supervision of assistants, insurance, EAP development

  • Professional responsibility

    • Educating the public through seminars, research & providing good care

Relationship between the sports medicine team and athlete
Relationship Between the Sports Medicine Team and Athlete

  • Primary concern should be that of the athlete

    • All individuals must work cooperatively in the best interest of the athlete

    • Coach should differ to the medical staff and support decisions regarding athlete health care

  • Close communication between all parties involved is critical

Relationship between the sports medicine team and athlete1
Relationship Between the Sports Medicine Team and Athlete

  • All parties must work to develop solid working relationship

  • Each member will have to gain trust and confidence in the skills and abilities of each other

  • Imperative that the athlete is kept well-informed

    • Coach and athletic trainer must make a point of educating the student-athlete