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Introduction to Athletic Training. Chapters 1 & 2. Sports Medicine. Multi-disciplinary approach to health care for those seriously involved in exercise and sport Study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to aspects of exercise and athletics

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sports medicine
Sports Medicine
  • Multi-disciplinary approach to health care for those seriously involved in exercise and sport
  • Study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to aspects of exercise and athletics
  • Aims to promote health and fitness while preventing, treating, and rehabilitation injury
sports medicine1
Sports medicine
  • Athletic Training
  • Biomechanics
  • Medical Practice
  • Orthopedics
  • Physician Assistant
  • Dentist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Physical Therapy
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Neurologist
  • Sport Nutritionist
  • Sport Psychologist
  • Massage Therapy
  • Certified Strength & Conditioning
history development of sports medicine
History & Development of sports medicine
  • Late 19thto early 20th century
    • Desire to understand and extend the limits of human performance
  • Developed into a recognized field in early 20th century
  • 1954: American College of Sports Medicine
    • Intended to guide the convergence of different fields with a common focus directed toward the goal of national health and fitness
  • Athletic competition and participation continues to rise
  • True sports medicine specialists have training that allows them to specifically address the needs of the athlete
what is athletic training
What is athletic training?
  • The rendering of specialized care to individuals involved in exercise and athletics
      • Prevention, recognition, evaluation and care of injuries
  • Certified Athletic Trainer: highly educated and skilled professional who specializes in the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries
history development of athletic training
History & development of Athletic Training
  • Galan: physician and philosopher
    • Regarded as one of the greatest physicians of the classical period
    • Contributed volumes to science of medicine
    • Trainer and physician to gladiators in ancient Rome
  • Roman Empire falls
    • Middle Ages—few advancements in medicine
  • Renaissance
    • Human body actively studied
    • Leonardo da Vinci: contributions to science & human body outshine all preceding
  • Field continues to grow
    • Sports popular, even commercialized more ATC’s needed
    • Educational requirements for ATCs increase
    • Public insists that highly educated professionals work on their child
athlete s circle of care the sports medicine team
Athlete’s circle of care & the sports medicine team
  • Team physician—absolute authority in determining participation status
  • Athletic Trainer
  • Coach
  • Athlete
  • Parent?
  • Specialist?
title ix
Title ix
  • Federal legislation in effect since1972
  • Prohibits discrimination in school athletic participation on the basis of sex
  • Tremendous increase in female athletic participation, creating an even greater need for qualified certified athletic trainers
cramer family 1920
Cramer Family (1920)
  • Gardner, Kansas
  • Started a chemical company
    • Produced liniment to treat ankle sprains
  • Publication of First Aider in 1932
  • Family instrumental in early development of the athletic training profession
  • Continue to play prominent role in education of student athletic trainers
history and development of athletic training
History and development of athletic training
  • 1950: NATA formed, establishing professional standards for the athletic trainer
  • 1991: American Medical Association (AMA) recognized athletic training as allied health profession
requirements for certification
Requirements for certification
  • Must graduate from an undergraduate or graduate program accredited by Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE)
  • Pass certification exam
  • Maintain certification with continuing education
core curriculum
Core curriculum
  • Human anatomy
  • Human physiology
  • Psychology
  • Kinesiology
  • Biomechanics
  • Exercise physiology
  • Personal community health
  • Nutrition
  • Prevention of athletic injuries/illness
  • Evaluation of athletic injuries/illness
  • Therapeutic modalities
  • Therapeutic exercise
  • Administration of athletic training programs
core curriculum continued
Core curriculum continued
  • First aid and emergency care
  • General medical conditions and disabilities
  • Health care administration
  • Medical ethics and legal issues
  • Pathology of injury/illness
  • Pharmacology
  • Professional development and responsibilities
  • Psychosocial intervention and referral
  • Risk management and injury/illness prevention
  • Strength training and reconditioning
  • Statistics and research design
  • Weigh management and body composition
certification examination
Certification examination
  • Fulfill requirements
  • Tested in 6 domains:
    • Prevention of athletic injuries
    • Recognition, evaluation, and assessment of injuries
    • Immediate care of injuries
    • Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning of athletic injuries
    • Health care administration
    • Professional development and responsibility
purposes of certification
Purposes of certification
  • To establish standards for entry into the profession of athletic training
  • Standards set by the National Athletic Trainers’ Board of Certification (NATABOC)
atc roles responsibilities
ATC Roles & responsibilities
  • Prevention
  • Recognition, Evaluation, & Immediate Care
  • Rehabilitation Course of Action
  • Administration
  • Professional Development
  • Personal Skills
1 preventative
1. Preventative
  • Pre-Participation Screening (PPE)
  • Conditioning
    • Total body
    • Sport or injury specific
  • Monitoring Environmental Conditions
    • Field conditions
    • Weather
  • Properly Fitted Equipment
  • Educate
    • Parents, coaches, athletes
2 recognition evaluation immediate care
2. Recognition, Evaluation, & immediate care
  • Emergency
  • Acute
  • Course of Action
3 rehabilitation course of action
3. Rehabilitation—course of action
  • Short Term
  • Long Term
  • Return to Play
4 administration
4. administration
  • Documentation
    • Daily records
    • Treatment logs
    • Insurance
    • Family history
    • Medications
    • Surgeries
  • Written Guidelines
  • Policy and Procedures
    • Daily operations
    • Rules/regulations
    • EAP
    • Scheduling
5 professional development
5. Professional development
  • Organizations/Associations:
    • NATA
    • AMA
    • CAATE
    • ACSM
    • NSCA
    • AOSSM
  • Membership in Different Professional Organizations
  • Stay current in certification
    • CEU
  • Be active in organizations
6 personal skills
6. Personal skills

1. Know the Athlete:

  • Medical History past/current
    • Injuries, allergies, meds, contact lens, dental appliances
  • Personality
    • Low tolerance vs. high tolerance

2. Know the Sport:

  • Fundamentals
  • Demands of sport
  • Same injury
    • In one sport not cleared,

in another

can play

personal skills continued
Personal skills continued

3. Remain Calm:

  • Self calm
  • Calm the athlete
    • Very difficult to assess if the athlete is scared, excited, and anxious

4. Alert:

  • Observe all athletes
    • Limping, down, acting unusual

5. Good Judgment:

  • Common sense
personal skills continued1
Personal skills continued

6. Experience:

  • Confidence
  • Assessment skills

7. Patience (with):

  • Evaluation
  • Athlete
  • Self
personal skills continued2
Personal skills continued

8. Referral:

  • Record all information
  • Send to physician
    • Doubts, concerns
  • Clearance
required skills
Required skills
  • Problem solving ability
  • Deductive reasoning skills
  • Good judgment
  • Good decision making skills
  • Proficient knowledge of anatomy, physiology, biology, and advanced first aid
  • Motor skills
  • Communication skills
  • Ability to work well with people
  • Ability to work well under stressful conditions
  • Ability to maintain poise in emergencies
role of the athlete
Role of the athlete
  • Conditioning and Fitness
  • Proper Nutrition
  • Know Risk of Sport
  • Report Injuries
  • Active Role in Rehab
employment settings1
Employment settings
  • Secondary School
  • College/University
  • Professional Teams
  • Sports Medicine Clinic/Physical Therapy
  • Industrial Setting
  • Hospital/Outreach
  • Non-Traditional
secondary schools
Secondary schools
  • Usually faculty-athletic trainer position
  • Compensation based on:
    • Released time from teaching
    • Stipend as coach
  • Provide limited coverage
colleges universities
  • Small Institutions
    • Part-time teacher, part-time athletic trainer
    • Multiple sports
    • Also provide coverage to intramurals & club programs
    • Long hours
    • Limited resources
  • Major Institutions
    • Full-time athletic trainers
    • Works only for dept of athletics
    • One sport
    • Long hours!
    • Abundance of resources, personnel
professional teams
Professional teams
  • Perform specific team athletic training duties for 6 months per year
  • Works with only one team or organization
  • Under contract, similar to players
sports med clinics physical therapy
Sports med clinics/physical therapy
  • More ATCs employed in this setting than in any other
  • Varies from clinic to clinic
    • Most ATCs treat patients with sports-related injuries in am & contract out to high schools in pm
    • Salaries are typically slightly higher than in more traditional settings
  • May be responsible for marketing of sports medicine program
industrial military
  • Becoming common for ATC to work in a prevention role
  • Oversee fitness and injury rehabilitation programs for employees
  • Must understand concepts behind ergonomics
  • May be assigned to conduct wellness programs & provide education and individual counseling
  • Also employed by federal law enforcement agencies (i.e.. FBI, CIA, DEA)
non traditional
  • X-Games
  • Dance Company
  • Olympics (Summer & Winter sports)